Tuesday 10:47 PM
| Pays de Morlaàs et du Montanérès|
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Abère is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.
Abère is located some 22 km northeast of Pau and some 9 km northeast of Morlaas. The D7 road (Route de Vic) heading east from Saint-Jammes passes through the southern portion of the commune and continues to Baleix. Access to the village is by the Chemin de Lapoutge going north from the D7 for about 6 km. The Highway D207 coming south from Simacourbe forms the eastern boundary of the commune. The commune is mostly farmland with forests in the north and east
Located in the watershed of the Adour, the Grand Léez river forms the western border of the commune, with the Arriutort joining it at the northern tip of the commune and forming the northeastern border of the commune.
The name Abère was mentioned in the tenth century (according to Pierre de Marca) and appeared in the forms:Oere and Bere (1385 Census of Béarn),
Vere and Avere (1385 Census of Morlaàs, but uncertain if it is the same locality),
Oeyre was mentioned in 1487 Registry of Béarnais businesses.
Abere appears on the Cassini Map of 1750 and in the 1790 map, Bulletin of Laws.
Michel Grosclaude proposed a latin etymology of abellana or abella, derived from the Béarnais abera (according to Brigitte Jobbé-Duval.), which means "hazelnut" and by extension "the hazel copse"
The commune's name in Béarnais is Avera.
Paul Raymond noted that in 1385, there were 8 fires in Abère and that it depended on the bailiwick of Pau. A barony was created in 1672, a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. The commune was part of the Archdiocese of Vic-Bihl, which in turn depended on the Diocese of Lescar of which Lembeye was the capital.
Its Lay Abbey, the house of Bosom d'Abadie is mentioned in 1385.
List of Successive Mayors of Abère
(Not all data is known)
Abère is a member of three inter-communal organisations:the community of communes of the Pays de Morlaàs
the AEP Union for the Luy and Gabas Regions
the energy Union of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques
In 2010 the commune had 147 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.Population Change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
Several structures are listed as historical monuments in the commune. These are:Tile factory at la Teulère
Former Lay Abbey: the Bosom d'Abadie
Town Hall (former Presbytery) (19th century)
Chateau of Bordenave d'Abère (1732)
Menyucq House farm (1841)
Houses and Farms (19th century)
The Church of St. John the Baptist (16th century) The church contains several historical objects. These are:
Processional Cross (17th century)
Painting: Christ on the Cross with Saint John, the Virgin, and Saint John the Baptist (18th century)
Baptismal Fonts (12th century)
4 Altar Candlesticks
2 statues: Angels holding a column and a scale
Altar (18th century)
Altar, Tabernacle, and 4 Candlesticks at the secondary altar