Kalpana Kalpana

APOA4

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Aliases  APOA4
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000110244
Species  Human
Entrez  337
APOA4 wwwphosphositeorggetImageActionactionid25187460
External IDs  OMIM: 107690 MGI: 88051 HomoloGene: 47927 GeneCards: APOA4

Gene music using protein sequence of apoa4 apolipoprotein a iv


Apolipoprotein A-IV (also known as apoA-IV, apoAIV, or apoA4) is plasma protein that is the product of the human gene APOA4.

Contents

Gene

APOA4 resides on chromosome 11 in close linkage to APOA1 and APOC3. APOA4 contains 3 exons separated by two introns, and is polymorphic, although most of the reported sequence polymorphisms occur in exon 3. The best validated and studied non-synonymous SNPs are a glutamine → histidine substitution at codon 360 and a threonine → serine substitution at codon 347; a sequence polymorphism has also been identified in the 3'UTR of the third exon. Intra-species comparative gene sequence analysis suggests that the APOA4 gene arose from APOA1 by gene duplication approximately 270 MYA.

Function

The primary translation product of the APOA4 gene is a 396-residue preprotein, which undergoes proteolytic processing to yield apo A-IV, a 376-residue mature O-linked glycoprotein. In most mammals, including humans, apo A-IV synthesis is confined to the intestine; however in mice and rats hepatic synthesis also occurs. Apo A-IV is secreted into circulation on the surface of newly synthesized chylomicron particles. Intestinal fat absorption dramatically increases the synthesis and secretion of apo A-IV. Although its primary function in human lipid metabolism has not been established, apo A-IV has been found to:

  • activate lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase and cholesterylester transfer protein in vitro;
  • play a role in the regulation of appetite and satiety in rodent models;
  • display anti-oxidant and anti-atherogenic properties in vitro and in rodent models;
  • modulate the efficiency of enterocyte and hepatic transcellular lipid transport in vitro.
  • Human apo A-IV deficiency has not been reported.

    Interactions

    APOA4 has been shown to interact with GPLD1.

    Interactive pathway map

    Click on genes, proteins and metabolites below to link to respective articles.

    References

    APOA4 Wikipedia


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