Neha Patil

1989 in Romania

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1989 in Romania
Decades:  1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
See also:  Other events of 1989 Timeline of Romanian history

This is a list of 1989 events that occurred in Romania.

Contents

Incumbents

  • President: Nicolae Ceaușescu (until 22 December), Ion Iliescu (starting 22 December)
  • Prime Minister: Constantin Dăscălescu (until 28 December), Petre Roman (starting 29 December)
  • April

  • 18 April – The localities of Aninoasa (Hunedoara County), Fundulea (Călărași County), Lehliu Gară (Călărași County), Mioveni (Argeș County) and Valea lui Mihai (Bihor County) are declared cities.
  • November

  • 23 November – During the XIV Congress of the RCP, first shift workers from Timișoara Mechanical Works try to organize a revolt against the communist regime. Their movement is quelled by the Securitate organs.
  • 24 November – Despite the events in neighboring countries, Nicolae Ceaușescu is unanimously re-elected as the general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party.
  • December

  • 16 December – The Romanian Revolution begins in Timișoara when rioters break into the Committee Building and cause extensive vandalism. Their attempts to set the buildings on fire are foiled by military units.
  • 20 December – A general strike breaks out in all the factories in Timișoara. Timișoara is declared the first city free of communism in Romania.
  • 21 December
  • A huge rally in Bucharest turns into chaos as firecrackers explode at the periphery of the gathering. Soldiers, tanks, APCs, USLA officers and Securitate officers dressed in civilian clothes crack on demonstrators, leaving casualties and significant material damage.
  • Peaceful demonstrators in Arad, Brăila, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Hunedoara, Sibiu and Timișoara are shot dead by Securitate officers.
  • 22 December – After a week of bloody demonstrations, Ion Iliescu takes over as president of Romania, ending the communist dictatorship of Nicolae Ceaușescu, who flees his palace in a helicopter to escape inevitable execution after the palace is invaded by rioters. The Romanian troops, who the day before had followed Ceaușescu's orders to attack the demonstrators, change sides and join the uprising.
  • 25 December – Ceaușescu spouses are summarily judged and executed outside the military garrison in Târgoviște.
  • 27 December – Petre Roman is appointed Prime Minister of the Government of Romania.
  • 28 December – For the first time, after a long break, is held a meeting of the Board of Writers' Union of Romania. Is elected a provisional steering committee, the president being Mircea Dinescu.
  • 31 December – The Decree-Law no. 8 of 31 December 1989 issued by NSFC reintroduces the political pluralism in Romania.
  • Births

  • 28 January – Ruby, singer
  • 29 January – Adriana Țăcălie, handball player
  • 25 March – Andrei Leonte, singer and songwriter
  • 12 April – Antonia Iacobescu, singer and model
  • 18 May – Alexandru Chipciu, footballer (FC Steaua București)
  • 27 May – Doru Bratu, footballer (FC Steaua București)
  • 5 June – Roxana Cocoș, Olympic weightlifter
  • 10 June – Alexandra Stan, singer
  • 28 June – Bogdan Stancu, footballer (Gençlerbirliği S.K.)
  • 7 November – Jimmy Dub, singer
  • 14 November
  • Raluka, singer
  • Vlad Chiricheș, footballer (Tottenham Hotspur F.C.)
  • 22 November – Gabriel Torje, footballer (RCD Espanyol)
  • January

  • January 5 – Philip Herschkowitz, composer and musicologist (b. 1906)
  • January 6 – Marcel Budală, accordionist (b. 1926)
  • January 10 – Chris Avram, actor (b. 1931)
  • January 15 – Surian Borali, footballer (b. 1960)
  • January 23 – Nicolae Al. Rădulescu, geographer, member of the Romanian Academy (b. 1905)
  • March

  • March 2 – Liviu Cornel Babeș, electrician and painter (b. 1942)
  • March 6 – Vasile Netea, writer and historian (b. 1912)
  • March 22 – Ștefan Niculescu, lieutenant colonel in World War II (b. 1908)
  • March 25
  • Nina Behar, documentary filmmaker (b. 1930)
  • Radu-Eugeniu Gheorghiu, composer and instrumentist (b. 1915)
  • March 29 – Nicolae Steinhardt Orthodox hermit and writer (b. 1912)
  • April

  • April 2 – Tudor Vornicu, journalist and television producer (b. 1926)
  • April 8 – Horia Demian, basketball player (b. 1942)
  • April 19 – Iosif Keber, painter (b. 1897)
  • April 20 – Doru Davidovici, aviator and writer (b. 1945)
  • April 23 – Ioniță G. Andron, photographic artist, Greek Catholic theologian and lawyer (b. 1917)
  • May

  • May 2 or 3 – Roland Kirsch, writer (b. 1960)
  • May 5 – Alexandru Țitruș, popular music violinist (b. 1922)
  • May 11 – Naum Corcescu, sculptor (b. 1922)
  • May 29 – Adrian Petringenaru , film director (b. 1933)
  • June

  • June 2 – Grigore Kiazim, lautar instrumentist (b. 1931)
  • June 20 – Traian Dorz - poet and political prisoner (b. 1914)
  • June 30
  • Vasile Petre Jitariu, biologist, member of the Romanian Academy (b. 1905)
  • Petre Lupu, politician (b. 1920)
  • July

  • July 6 – Alexandru Pașcanu, composer (b. 1920)
  • July 7 – Horia Stamatu, writer and journalist (b. 1912)
  • July 11 – Horia Macellariu - counter admiral (b. 1894)
  • July 25 – Emil Gavriș - popular music singer (b. 1915)
  • August

  • August 30 - Costin Murgescu, economist, jurist, journalist and diplomat (b. 1919)
  • August 31 - Dinu Kivu, theatre and film critic (b. 1942)
  • September

  • September 17 - Ion D. Sîrbu, philosopher and writer (b. 1919)
  • September 29 - Alexandru Cosmescu, journalist, writer and anthologist (b. 1922)
  • October

  • October 15 - Paul Georgescu, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)
  • November

  • November 1 - Mihaela Runceanu, singer and vocal techniques teacher (b. 1955)
  • November 19 - Zoltán Vadász, actor (b. 1926)
  • November 25 - György Bözödi, writer, sociologist and historian (b. 1913)
  • November 28
  • Arsenie Boca, Romanian Orthodox monk, theologian and artist (b. 1910)
  • Ion Popescu-Gopo, graphic artist and animator (b. 1923)
  • December

  • December 12 - Ioan Zugrăvescu, chemist, member of the Romanian Academy (b. 1910)
  • December 17
  • Anton Breitenhofer, journalist, writer and politician (b. 1912)
  • Gheorghe Vlădescu-Răcoasa, sociologist and politician (b. 1895)
  • December 18 - Franz Liebhard, writer (b. 1899)
  • December 19 - Alexandru Mitru, writer (b. 1914)
  • December 20 - Ioan Moraru, medical doctor, member of the Romanian Academy (b. 1927)
  • December 22 - Vasile Milea, politician and general officer (b. 1927)
  • December 23
  • Velicu Mihalea, general officer (birth date unknown)
  • Constantin Nuță, general officer (birth date unknown)
  • December 25
  • Nicolae Ceaușescu, leader of the Socialist Republic of Romania (b. 1918)
  • Elena Ceaușescu, Nicolae Ceaușescu's wife (b. 1919)
  • Florică Murariu, rugby union player (b. 1955)
  • December 27 - Horia Căciulescu, actor (b. 1922)
  • December 28
  • Marin Ceaușescu, economist and diplomat (b. 1916)
  • Hermann Oberth, inventor and pioneer of astronautics (b. 1894)
  • Full date unknown

  • Nuni Anestin, actor (b. 1941)
  • Constantin Celăreanu, aviator in World War II (b. 1890)
  • Grigore Osipov-Sinești, stomatologist (b. 1907)
  • Irimie Staicu, agronomic engineer and agrotechnician, member of the Romanian Academy (b. 1905)
  • Nicu Stoenescu, romance and tango singer (b. 1911)
  • Mircea Șeptilici, actor (b. 1912)
  • References

    1989 in Romania Wikipedia


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