|Covid-19|January 12 – In North America, ships from Fort Maurepas arrive at Twenty-Seven Mile Bluff to build Fort Louis de la Mobile (future Mobile, Alabama) to become the capital of French Louisiana.
March 8 (O.S.) – William III of England dies of complications following a fall from his horse on February 20; his sister-in-law Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. Anne is the mother of 17 children by her husband Prince George of Denmark and Norway but none will survive childhood and she will die without heir to enable the Hanoverian Succession. The States General of the Netherlands do not appoint a new stadtholder and so the Dutch Republic becomes a true republic again.
March 11 (O.S.) – The first regular English-language national newspaper, The Daily Courant, is published for the first time in Fleet Street in the City of London; it covers only foreign news.
May – Warsaw is conquered by Charles XII of Sweden .
May 14 (N.S.) – The War of the Spanish Succession widens, as war is declared on France by the Grand Alliance (Kingdom of England, Dutch Republic and Holy Roman Empire).
June – Queen Anne's Captain-General John Churchill forces the surrender of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine.
July 19 (July 8 O.S.; July 9 Swedish calendar) – Battle of Klissow: Charles XII of Sweden decisively defeats the Polish–Lithuanian-Saxon army.
September – John Churchill forces the surrender of Venlo on the Meuse River.
Sir George Rooke fails to take Cadiz, but captures a Spanish treasure fleet and destroys French and Spanish warships. Churchill forces the surrender of Liège.
Battle of Flint River: failed attack by Spanish and Apalachee Indian forces against Creek Indians supported by English traders in what is now the state of Georgia.
October 10 – Siege of St. Augustine opens: English forces besiege St. Augustine in Spanish Florida. First major action in Queen Anne's War in North America.
October 27 – English troops plunder St. Augustine in Spanish Florida.
December 14 – John Churchill is created duke of Marlborough.
December 30 – Siege of St. Augustine lifted.
Delaware designated a separate colony.
January 2 – Nabeshima Naotsune, Daimyo (d. 1749)
José de Nebra, Spanish composer (d. 1768)
Johann Adam von Ickstatt, German educator (d. 1776)
January 10 – Johannes Zick, fresco painter (d. 1762)
Józef Andrzej Załuski, Polish bishop (d. 1774)
Joseph Aved, French painter (d. 1766)
January 14 – Emperor Nakamikado of Japan (d. 1737)
January 18 – Sava II Petrović-Njegoš (d. 1782)
January 31 – Alan Brodrick, 2nd Viscount Midleton, English cricketer (d. 1747)
Giovanni Battista Vaccarini, Italian architect (d. 1768)
Michael Adelbulner, German mathematician (d. 1779)
February 7 – Carl August Thielo, Danish composer (d. 1763)
February 10 – Carlo Marchionni, Italian architect (d. 1786)
February 12 – Robert Hale (doctor), Massachusetts physician and soldier (d. 1767)
Johann Valentin Görner, German composer (d. 1762)
Enrichetta d'Este, Duchess of Parma (d. 1777)
Henrietta Maria of Brandenburg-Schwedt, Granddaughter of the Great Elector (d. 1782)
Charles Stourton, 15th Baron Stourton, English Baron (d. 1753)
March 4 – Jack Sheppard, British burglar and escapee (d. 1724)
March 8 – Anne Bonny, Female pirate (d. 1782)
March 13 – Burkat Shudi, Harpsichord maker (d. 1773)
March 20 – Thomas Penn, son of William Penn (d. 1775)
March 25 – Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch businessman (d. 1778)
March 27 – Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer and organist (d. 1762)
March 28 – Ignacio de Luzán Claramunt de Suelves y Gurrea, Spanish critic and poet (d. 1754)
March 29 – Cesare Sportelli, Italian lawyer (d. 1750)
April 5 – Stephen Leake, numismatist, officer of arms at the College of Arms in London (d. 1773)
April 20 – Zenón de Somodevilla, 1st Marqués de la Ensenada, Spanish noble (d. 1781)
May 2 – Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (d. 1782)
May 8 – Andrew Lauder, Burgess of the Royal Burgh of Lauder (1 August 1737) (d. 1769)
May 11 – Isaac Greenwood, American mathematician (d. 1745)
May 12 – Louis Philogène Brûlart, vicomte de Puisieulx, French foreign minister (d. 1770)
May 16 – George Nevill, 14th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1732)
May 21 – John Rous, Royal Navy officer during King George's War and the Seven Years' War (d. 1760)
May 24 – Joseph Friedrich Ernst, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (d. 1769)
June 1 – John Hancock, Jr., colonial American clergyman, father of politician John Hancock (d. 1744)
June 5 – Willem van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle (d. 1754)
June 7 – Louis George, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1761)
June 9 – William Townshend (MP), British politician (d. 1738)
June 13 – Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian noble (d. 1762)
June 19 – Frederick Augustus Rutowsky, German general (d. 1764)
June 26 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
July 18 – Maria Clementina Sobieska, Polish noble (d. 1735)
July 19 – Philemon Ewer, English shipbuilder (d. 1750)
July 22 – Alessandro Besozzi, Italian composer (d. 1793)
July 31 – Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter (d. 1768)
August 2 – Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau, German prince of the House of Ascania (d. 1769)
August 3 – Sir Walter Bagot, 5th Baronet (d. 1768)
August 14 – Philip Carteret Webb, English barrister (d. 1770)
August 15 – Francesco Zuccarelli, painter, elected to the Venetian Academy in 1763 (d. 1788)
August 17 – Muhammad Shah, Mughal emperor of India (d. 1748)
George Carpenter, 2nd Baron Carpenter (d. 1749)
Judith Madan, English poet (d. 1781)
August 28 – Jean Philippe d'Orléans (d. 1748)
September 2 – John Evans (1702–1782), Welsh Anglican cleric (d. 1782)
September 4 – Legall de Kermeur, French chess player (d. 1792)
Robert Hazard (Rhode Island), Rhode Island colonial deputy governor (d. 1751)
Januarius Maria Sarnelli, Beatified Italian (d. 1744)
September 14 – Ercole Lelli, Italian painter of the late-Baroque (d. 1766)
Honoré Armand de Villars (d. 1770)
John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford, British Army general (d. 1749)
October 5 – Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen, German prince (d. 1787)
October 22 – Frédéric Maurice Casimir de La Tour d'Auvergne, French prince (d. 1723)
October 29 – Tako Hajo Jelgersma, Dutch painter (d. 1795)
November 5 – Grégoire Orlyk, Ukrainian-born French Lieutenant General (d. 1759)
November 6 – Josias Weitbrecht, German medical historian (d. 1747)
November 13 – Dominic Vallarsi, Italian priest (d. 1771)
December 14 – Stephen Sewall, American judge (d. 1760)
December 17 – Robert Knight, 1st Earl of Catherlough, Member of the Parliament of Great Britain (d. 1772)
December 21 – Tommaso Crudeli, Florentine free thinker imprisoned by the Roman Inquisition (d. 1745)
December 22 – Jean-Étienne Liotard, French painter (d. 1789)
Margareta Momma, Swedish writer, journalist and editor (d. 1772)
Giuseppa Barbapiccola, Italian natural philosopher, poet and translator (d. 1740)
February 27 – Münejjim Bashi, Ottoman astrologer, Sufi, and historian
(buried) – Jan de Baen, Dutch portrait painter (b. 1633)
King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (b. 1650)
April 23 – Margaret Fell, English Quaker leader (b. 1614)
April 27 – Jean Bart, French admiral (b. 1651)
May 27 – Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
September 28 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
November 4 – John Benbow, English admiral (b. 1653)
1702 (MDCCII) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Julian calendar, the 1702nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 702nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1702, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Wednesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.