Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

1554

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1554

Year 1554 (MDLIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January 5 – A great fire breaks out in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
  • January 12 – Bayinnaung is crowned king of the Burmese Taungoo dynasty.
  • January 25 – São Paulo, Brazil, is founded.
  • February 9 – Thomas Wyatt surrenders to government forces in London.
  • February 12 – After claiming the throne of England the previous year, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
  • March 18 – Princess Elizabeth is imprisoned in the Tower of London.
  • April 12 – Mary of Guise becomes Regent of Scotland.
  • July–December

  • July 23–July 25 – Queen Mary I of England marries King Philip of Naples, the only son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in Winchester, England.
  • August 2 – Battle of Marciano: Senese–French forces are defeated by the Florentine–Imperial army.
  • August 12 – Battle of Renty: French forces led by Francis, Duke of Guise turn back an invasion of Picardy by Charles V.
  • November – English captain John Lok voyages to Guinea.
  • Date unknown

  • Mikael Agricola becomes the bishop of Turku.
  • Saadi conquer the Kingdom of Fez.
  • Exact center year of Counter Reformation.
  • Name of beer brewed by New Belgium Brewing Company based on a recipe from this date called "1554."
  • Luso-Chinese agreement: Portugal reaches an agreement with the Ming dynasty of China to be allowed to legally trade in the province of Guangdong
  • Births

  • January 1 – Louis III, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1593)
  • January 9 – Pope Gregory XV (d. 1623)
  • January 20 – King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • February 8 – Marina de Escobar, Spanish nun (d. 1633)
  • February 27 – Giovanni Battista Paggi, Italian painter (d. 1627)
  • March – Richard Hooker, Anglican theologian (d. 1600)
  • March 1 – William Stafford, English spy (d. 1612)
  • March 18 – Josias I, Count of Waldeck, Count of Waldeck-Eisenberg (1578-1588) (d. 1588)
  • March 22 – Catherine de Parthenay, French noblewoman and mathematician (d. 1631)
  • March 26 – Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)
  • March 28 – Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia, Russian Tsarevich (d. 1581)
  • March 30 – Paul Laurentius, German divine (d. 1624)
  • April – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (d. 1624)
  • April 15 – Simon VI, Count of Lippe, Count of Lippe-Detmold (1563-1613) (d. 1613)
  • May 20 – Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer (d. 1594)
  • June 3 – Pietro de' Medici, Italian noble (d. 1604)
  • June 5 – Benedetto Giustiniani, Catholic cardinal (d. 1621)
  • June 21 – Joachim of Zollern, Titular Count of Hohenzollern (d. 1587)
  • July 5 – Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France (d. 1592)
  • October 1 – Leonardus Lessius, Jesuit theologian (d. 1623)
  • October 3 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (d. 1628)
  • October 10 – Arnold III, Count of Bentheim-Steinfurt-Tecklenburg-Limburg and Lord of Rheda (d. 1606)
  • October 20 – Bálint Balassi, Hungarian writer and noble (d. 1594)
  • October 28 – Enevold Kruse, Danish noble (d. 1621)
  • October 30 – Prospero Farinacci, Italian jurist (d. 1618)
  • November 30 – Sir Philip Sidney, English courtier and poet (d. 1586)
  • December 17 – Ernest of Bavaria, Roman Catholic bishop (d. 1612)
  • December 19 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
  • date unknown
  • Jacques Bongars, French scholar and diplomat (d. 1612)
  • James Lancaster, English navigator (d. 1618)
  • Walter Raleigh, English writer, poet, and explorer (d. 1618)
  • Francis Throckmorton, English conspirator (d. 1584)
  • Deaths

  • January 16 – Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. c. 1480)
  • February 12
  • Lord Guildford Dudley, consort of Lady Jane Grey (executed) (b. 1536)
  • Lady Jane Grey, claimant to the throne of England (executed) (b. 1537)
  • February 21 – Hieronymus Bock, German botanist (b. 1498)
  • February 23 – Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English politician (executed) (b. c.1515)
  • March 3 – John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (b. 1503)
  • April 11 – Thomas Wyatt the Younger, English rebel (executed) (b. 1521)
  • April 23 – Gaspara Stampa, Italian poet (b. 1523)
  • August 25 – Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1473)
  • September 22 – Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Spanish conquistador (b. c. 1510)
  • December 22 – Alessandro Bonvicino, Italian painter (b. 1498)
  • December – John Taylor, Bishop of Lincoln (b. 1503)
  • date unknown
  • Argula von Grumbach, German Protestant reformer (b. 1492)
  • Leo Africanus, Sudanese writer (b. 1485)
  • Sebastiano Serlio, Italian architect (b. 1475)
  • Sir Hugh Willoughby, English Arctic explorer
  • References

    1554 Wikipedia


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