Sneha Girap

Hieronymus Bock

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Church  Lutheran
Name  Hieronymus Bock

Role  Botanist
Education  Heidelberg University
Hieronymus Bock httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons66
Died  February 21, 1554, Hornbach, Germany

Hieronymus Bock (Latinised Tragus) (1498 – February 21, 1554) was a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister who began the transition from medieval botany to the modern scientific worldview by arranging plants by their relation or resemblance.


Hieronymus Bock Cincinnati History Library and Archives Hieronymus Bock


Hieronymus Bock The Three Founders of Botany Hieronymus Bock

The details of his life are unclear. In 1519 he inscribed at the university of Heidelberg. He married Eva Victor in 1523, and was schoolteacher in Zweibrücken for nine years. He became the prince's physician and caretaker of the kitchen garden of the count palatine and in 1533 received a life-time position as a Lutheran minister in nearby Hornbach where he stayed up to his death in 1554.

Hieronymus Bock Kreuterbuch Hieronymus Bock 1539 Herb Museum

The first edition of his Kreutterbuch (literally "plant book") appeared in 1539 unillustrated; his stated objectives were to describe German plants, including their names, characteristics, and medical uses. Instead of following Dioscorides as was traditional, he developed his own system to classify 700 plants. Bock apparently traveled widely through the German region observing the plants for himself, since he includes ecological and distributional observations.

Hieronymus Bock It39s About Time Herbal German botanist Hieronymus Bock

His 1546 Kreutterbuch or "herbal" was illustrated by the artist David Kandel.


In the wine world, Bock is noted for having the first documented use of the modern word Riesling in 1552 when it was mentioned in his Latin herbal. Bock's description of oak apples is noted in the entomologists data base.

Hieronymus Bock W744902009jpg

The grass genus Tragus and spurge genus Tragia are both named after him.


Hieronymus Bock hieronymusbocksizedjpg
  • New Kreuterbuch von Underscheidt, Würckung und Namen der Kreuter, so in teutschen Landen wachsen . Straßburg, 1546 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf

  • Hieronymus Bock Hieronymus Bock Wikipedia


    Hieronymus Bock Wikipedia

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