The One Hundredth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1987, to January 3, 1989, during the last two years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.
October 19, 1987: Black Monday: Stock market levels fell sharply on Wall Street and around the worldNovember 18, 1987: Iran-Contra affair: Senate and House panels released reports charging President Reagan with 'ultimate responsibility' for the affairJanuary 25, 1988: 1988 State of the Union AddressNovember 8, 1988: United States presidential election, 1988: George Bush was elected over Michael Dukakis; United States Senate elections, 1988 & United States House of Representatives elections, 1988: Democrats retained control of CongressApril 2, 1987 — Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act, Pub.L. 100–17, 101 Stat. 132July 22, 1987 — McKinney-Vento Act, Pub.L. 100–77, 101 Stat. 482August 20, 1987 — Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Improvement Act of 1987, Pub.L. 100–107, 101 Stat. 724September 29, 1987 — Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987 (Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Balanced Budget Act), Pub.L. 100–119, title IJanuary 7, 1988 — Computer Security Act of 1987, Pub.L. 100–235, 101 Stat. 1724March 22, 1988 - Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 Pub.L. 100–259June 27, 1988 — Supreme Court Case Selections Act of 1988, Pub.L. 100–352, 102 Stat. 662July 1, 1988 — Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act, Pub.L. 100–360, 102 Stat. 683August 4, 1988 — Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act, Pub.L. 100–379, 102 Stat. 890August 10, 1988 — Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Pub.L. 100–383, title I, 101 Stat. 904October 13, 1988 — Family Support Act, Pub.L. 100–485, 102 Stat. 2343October 17, 1988 — Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, Pub.L. 100–497, 102 Stat. 2467October 24, 1988 — Health Maintenance Organization Amendments of 1988, Pub.L. 100–517, 102 Stat. 2578October 25, 1988 — Department of Veterans Affairs Act, Pub.L. 100–527, 102 Stat. 2635November 4, 1988 - AIDS amendments of 1988, Pub.L. 100–607, 102 Stat. 3048November 17, 1988 — Water Resources Development Act of 1988, Pub.L. 100–676November 18, 1988 — Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988, Pub.L. 100–690, including Child Protection and Obscenity Enforcement Act and Alcoholic Beverage Labeling ActMay 27, 1988: Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces TreatyMay 6, 1987: Iran-Contra affair hearings beganOctober 23, 1987: Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination: Senate rejected Robert Bork's nomination 42–58 to the Supreme Court of the United StatesFebruary 3, 1988: Senate approved Anthony Kennedy's nomination 97–0 to the Supreme Court of the United StatesPresident: George Bush (R)President pro tempore: John Stennis (D)Deputy President pro tempore: George J. Mitchell (D)Majority Leader, Democratic Conference Chairman, and Democratic Policy Committee Chairman: Robert ByrdMajority Whip: Alan CranstonDemocratic Campaign Committee Chairman: John KerryCaucus Secretary: Daniel InouyeMinority Leader: Bob DoleMinority Whip: Alan SimpsonRepublican Conference Chairman: John ChafeeRepublican Conference Secretary: Thad CochranRepublican Policy Committee Chairman: William L. ArmstrongRepublican Campaign Committee Chairman: Rudy BoschwitzSpeaker: Jim Wright (D)Majority Leader: Tom FoleyMajority Whip: Tony CoelhoChief Deputy Majority Whip: David E. BoniorDemocratic Caucus Chairman: Dick GephardtCaucus Vice-Chairman: Mary Rose OakarDemocratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Beryl Anthony Jr.Minority Leader: Robert H. MichelMinority Whip: Trent LottChief Deputy Whip: Edward Rell MadiganRepublican Conference Chairman: Dick CheneyConference Vice-Chair: Lynn Morley MartinConference Secretary: Robert J. LagomarsinoPolicy Committee Chairman: Jerry LewisCampaign Committee Chairman: Guy Vander JagtCongressional Arts CaucusCongressional Automotive CaucusCongressional Black CaucusCongressional Fire Services CaucusCongressional Friends of Ireland CaucusCongressional Hispanic CaucusCongressional Pediatric & Adult Hydrocephalus CaucusCongressional Travel & Tourism CaucusCongresswomen's CaucusHouse Democratic Caucus
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress.
Lists of committees and their party leaders.Aging (Special) (Chair: John Melcher)Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry (Chair: Patrick Leahy)Agricultural CreditAgricultural Production and Stabilization of PricesAgricultural Research and General LegislationDomestic, Foreign Marketing and Product PromotionNutrition and InvestigationsRural Development and Rural ElectrificationAppropriations (Chair: John C. Stennis)Agriculture, Rural Development and Related AgenciesCommerce, Justice, State, Judiciary and Related AgenciesDefenseDistrict of ColumbiaEnergy and Water DevelopmentForeign OperationsHUD-Independent AgenciesInterior and Related AgenciesLabor-Health, Human Services, Education and Related AgenciesLegislative BranchMilitary ConstructionTransportation and Related AgenciesTreasury, Postal Service and General GovernmentArmed Services (Chair: Sam Nunn)Conventional Forces and Alliance DefenseDefense Industry and TechnologyManpower and PersonnelProjection Forces and Regional DefenseReadiness, Sustainability and SupportStrategic Forces and Nuclear DetterenceBanking, Housing and Urban Affairs (Chair: William Proxmire)Consumer AffairsHousing and Urban AffairsInternational Finance and Monetary PolicySecuritiesBudget (Chair: Lawton Chiles)Commerce, Science and Transportation (Chair: Ernest Hollings)AviationBusiness, Trade and TourismCommunicationsConsumerForeign Commerce and TourismMerchant MarineScience, Technology and SpaceSurface TransportationNational Ocean Policy StudyEnergy and Natural Resources (Chair: J. Bennett Johnston)Energy Regulation and ConservationNatural Resources Development and ProductionPublic Lands, National Parks and ForestsResearch and DevelopmentWater and PowerEnvironment and Public Works (Chair: Quentin N. Burdick)Environmental ProtectionHazardous Wastes and Toxic SubstancesNuclear RegulationSuperfund and Environmental OversightWater Resources, Transportation and InfrastructureEthics (Select) (Chair: Howell Heflin)Finance (Chair: Lloyd Bentsen)Energy and Agricultural TaxationHealthInternational DebtInternational TradePrivate Retirement Plans and Oversight of the Internal Revenue ServiceSocial Security and Family PolicyTaxation and Debt ManagementForeign Relations (Chair: Claiborne Pell)African AffairsEast Asian and Pacific AffairsEuropean AffairsInternational Economic Policy, Trade, Oceans and EnvironmentNear Eastern and South Asian AffairsTerrorism, Narcotics and International CommunicationsWestern Hemisphere and Peace Corps AffairsGovernmental Affairs (Chair: John Glenn)Federal Services, Post Office and Civil ServiceFederal Spending, Budget and AccountingEnergy, Nuclear Proliferation and Federal ServicesGovernment Efficiency, Federalism and the District of ColumbiaOversight of Government ManagementIndian Affairs (Select) (Chair: Daniel Inouye)Judiciary (Chair: Joe Biden)Antitrust, Monopolies and Business RightsConstitutionCourts and Administration PracticeImmigration and Refugee AffairsPatents, Copyrights and TrademarksTechnology and the LawIntelligence (Select) (Chair: David L. Boren)Labor and Human Resources (Chair: Ted Kennedy)AgingChildren, Family, Drugs and AlcoholismEducation, Arts and HumanitiesEmployment and ProductivityHandicappedLaborNutrition and Human Needs (Select)Rules and Administration (Chair: Wendell H. Ford)Small Business (Chair: Dale Bumpers)Competition and Antitrust EnforcementExport ExpansionGovernment Contracting and Paperwork ReductionInnovation, Technology and ProductivityExport Promotion and Market DevelopmentRural Economy and Family FarmingUrban and Minority-Owned Business DevelopmentVeterans' Affairs (Chair: Alan Cranston)Aging (Select)Agriculture (Chair: Kika de la Garza)Conservation, Credit and Rural DevelopmentCotton, Rice and SugarDepartment Operations, Research and Foreign AgricultureDomestic Marketing, Consumer Relations and NutritionForests, Family Farms and EnergyLivestock, Dairy and PoultryTobacco and PeanutsWheat, Soybeans and Feed GrainsAppropriations (Chair: Jamie L. Whitten)Commerce, Justice, State and the JudiciaryDefenseDistrict of ColumbiaEnergy and Water DevelopmentForeign OperationsHUD-Independent AgenciesInterior and Related AgenciesLabor-Health and Human ServicesLegislativeMilitary ConstructionAgriculture, Rural Development and Related AgenciesTransportation and Related AgenciesTreasury, Postal Service and General GovernmentArmed Services (Chair: Les Aspin)InvestigationsMilitary Installations and FacilitiesMilitary Personnel and CompensationProcurement and Military Nuclear SystemsReadinessResearch and DevelopmentSeapower, Strategic and Critical MaterialsAcquisition Policy PanelDefense Policy PanelBanking, Finance and Urban Affairs (Chair: Fernand St. Germain)Consumer Affairs and CoinageDomestic Monetary PolicyEconomic StabilizationFinancial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and InsuranceGeneral Oversight and InvestigationsHousing and Community DevelopmentInternational Development Institutions and FinanceInternational Finance, Trade and Monetary PolicyBudget (Chair: William H. GrayBudget ProcessCommunity and Natural ResourcesDefense and International AffairsEconomic and Trade PolicyHealthHuman ResourcesIncome SecurityState and Local GovernmentChildren, Youth and Families (Select)District of Columbia (Chair: Ron Dellums)Fiscal Affairs and HealthGovernment Operations and Metropolitan AffairsJudiciary and EducationEducation and Labor (Chair: Augustus F. Hawkins)Elementary, Secondary and Vocational EducationEmployment OpportunitiesPostsecondary EducationHealth and SafetyLabor-Management RelationsLabor StandardsHuman ResourcesSelect EducationEnergy and Commerce (Chair: John Dingell)Commerce, Transportation and TourismEnergy and PowerHealth and the EnvironmentOversight and InvestigationsTelecommunications and FinanceTransportation, Tourism and Hazardous MaterialsForeign Affairs (Chair: Dante Fascell)AfricaArms Control, International Security and ScienceAsian and Pacific AffairsEurope and the Middle EastHuman Rights and International OrganizationsInternational Economic Policy and TradeInternational OperationsWestern Hemisphere AffairsGovernment Operations (Chair: Jack BrooksCommerce, Consumer and Monetary AffairsEmployment and HousingEnvironment, Energy and Natural ResourcesGovernment Activities and TransportationGovernment Information, Justice and AgricultureHuman Resources and Ingovernmental RelationsLegislation and National SecurityHouse Administration (Chair: Frank Annunzio)AccountsElectionsLibraries and MemorialsOffice SystemsPersonnel and PoliceProcurement and PrintingTask Force on Legislative Service OrganizationsHunger (Select)Interior and Insular Affairs (Chair: Mo Udall)Energy and the EnvironmentGeneral Oversight, Northwest Power and Forest ManagementInsular and International AffairsMining and Natural ResourcesNational Parks and Public LandsWater and Power ResourcesInvestigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran (Select)Judiciary (Chair: Peter W. Rodino)Administrative Law and Governmental RelationsCivil and Constitutional RightsCourts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of JusticeCrimeCriminal JusticeImmigration, Refugees and International LawMonopolies and Commercial LawMerchant Marine and Fisheries (Chair: Walter B. Jones Sr.)Coast Guard and NavigationFisheries, Wildlife Conservation and the EnvironmentMerchant MarineOceanographyOversight and InvestigationsPanama Canal and Outer Continental StuffNarcotics Abuse and Control (Select)Post Office and Civil ServiceCensus and PopulationCivil ServiceCompensation and Employee BenefitsHuman ResourcesInvestigationsPostal Operations and ServicesPostal Personnel and ModernizationPublic Works and Transportation (Chair: James J. Howard, then Glenn M. Anderson)AviationEconomic DevelopmentInvestigations and OversightPublic Buildings and GroundsSurface TransportationWater ResourcesRules (Chair: Claude Pepper)Rules of the HouseThe Legislative ProcessScience and Technology (Chair: Robert A. Roe)Energy Research and DevelopmentInternational Scientific CooperationInvestigations and OversightNatural Resources, Agriculture Research and EnvironmentScience, Research and TechnologySpace Science and ApplicationsTransportation, Aviation and MaterialsSmall Business (Chair: John J. LaFalce)Antitrust, Impact of Deregulation and PrivatizationEnergy and AgricultureExports, Tourism and Special ProblemsProcurement, Innovation and Minority Enterprise DevelopmentRegulation and Business OpportunitiesSBA and the General EconomyStandards of Official Conduct (Chair: Julian C. Dixon)Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Gillespie V. Montgomery)Hospitals and Health CareCompensation, Pension and InsuranceEducation, Training and EmploymentOversight and InvestigationsHousing and Memorial AffairsWays and Means (Chair: Dan Rostenkowski)HealthOversightPublic Assistance and Unemployment CompensationSelect Revenue MeasuresSocial SecurityTradeWholeDeficit ReductionEconomicTaxationLibraryPrintingArchitect of the Capitol: George M. WhiteAttending Physician of the United States Congress: William NarvaComptroller General of the United States: Charles A. BowsherDirector of the Congressional Budget Office: Rudolph G. Penner (until April 28), Edward Gramlich (starting April 28)Librarian of Congress: Daniel J. Boorstin (until September 12), James H. Billington (starting September 14)Public Printer of the United States: Ralph E. Kennickell, Jr. (until 1988), Joseph E. Jenifer (starting 1988)Secretary of the Senate: Walter J. StewartSecretary for the Majority: David PrattSecretary for the Minority: Howard O. Greene, Jr.Sergeant at Arms: Henry K. GiugniParliamentarian: William H. BrownHistorian : Richard A. BakerChaplain: Richard C. HalversonClerk : Donnald K. AndersonSergeant at Arms: Jack RussDoorkeeper: James T. MolloyParliamentarian: William Holmes BrownPostmaster: Robert V. RotaReading Clerks:Historian: Ray SmockChaplain: James D. FordSee also: Rules of the House: "Other officers and officials"