1.054 million (2000)
Zaoyang (simplified Chinese: 枣阳; traditional Chinese: 棗陽; pinyin: Zǎoyáng) is a city in northern Hubei province, People's Republic of China, near the border with Henan province. Administratively, it is a county-level city under the administration of Xiangyang. At the 2010 census its population was 1,004,741 inhabitants even though its built-up (or metro) area is much smaller.
Remains dating back to the Warring States period (771 - 221 BCE) have been found near the city. Zaoyang was the site of two major battles during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Battle of Suixian-Zaoyang and the Battle of Zaoyang-Yichang.
Zaoyang's administrative area spans in latitude 31° 40'−32° 40' N, or 78 kilometres (48 mi) and in longitude 112° 30'−113° 00' N, or 65 kilometres (40 mi).
Zaoyang has a monsoon-influenced, four season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with cold, damp (but comparatively dry), winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly daily averages range from 2.4 °C (36.3 °F) in January to 27.5 °C (81.5 °F) in July, with an annual mean temperature of 15.5 °C (59.9 °F). Precipitation peaks from May to August. The city receives an average 2,100 hours of sunshine per year.
Zaoyang is served by the Hankou–Danjiangkou Railway.Emperor Guangwu of Han, creator of the Western Han Dynasty, born in Zaoyang in 5 BCE.
Nie Haisheng, Flight Engineer of China's 2005 Shenzhou 6 manned spacecraft expedition, born in Zaoyang in 1964.