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Yu Wuling

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Literal meaning  (courtesy name)
Wade–Giles  Yu Wuling
Hanyu Pinyin  Yú Yè
Chinese  于武陵
Simplified Chinese  于邺
Hanyu Pinyin  Yú Wūlíng
Literal meaning  (given name)
Wade–Giles  Yu Yeh
Traditional Chinese  于鄴

Yu Wuling (810–?) was a Chinese poet of the late Tang dynasty. His birth name was Yu Ye; Wuling was his courtesy name.

Contents

He attained a jinshi degree in the imperial examination, but gave up his position in order to wander around the country.

His best-known poem is the jueju "Offering Wine", and Book 595 of the Quan Tangshi is devoted to his poetry.

Biography

He was born in 810, in Duqu (Chinese: 杜曲; pinyin: Dùqū; Wade–Giles: Tuch'ü, in modern-day Xi'an, Shaanxi Province). What little is known of his life comes from the Tang Cai Zi Zhuan.

The name by which he is usually known, Wuling, was his courtesy name, his birth name having been Yu Ye.

During the Dachong era (847–859) he attained a jinshi degree in the imperial examination. Unsatisfied with his position, he took up a life of wandering around various parts of the country.

After giving up his position at court and travelling around the country, he is supposed to have shown particular fondness for Dongting Lake and the Xiang River. He spent his later years living in seclusion south of Mount Song.

His date of death is unknown.

Poetry

There is an anthology of his poetry called the Yu Wuling Ji (Chinese: 于武陵集; pinyin: Yú Wūlíng-jí; Wade–Giles: Yu1 Wu2ling1 Chi1; literally: "Yu Wuling Anthology"). The two primary texts of his poems are found in Book 595 of the eighteenth-century Quan Tangshi and the Tangren Wushi Jia Xiaoji (Chinese: 唐人五十家小集; pinyin: Tángrén Wǔshí Jiā Xiǎojí), which each order his poems differently.

His best-known poem is the jueju "Offering Wine" (simplified Chinese: 劝酒; traditional Chinese: 勸酒; pinyin: quàn jiū; Wade–Giles: ch'üan4 chiu2).

Ueki et al. speculate, based on a passage in the Song Huiyao (Chinese: 宋会要; Chinese: 宋會要; pinyin: Sòng Huìyāo) that records that qū zhī were offered as tribute from Srivijaya (Chinese: 三佛齐国; Chinese: 三佛齊國; pinyin: Sānfóqí-guó), that the "golden flagon" in this poem may also have been a valuable imported item. This, combined with the use of mǎn zhuó ("brimming") create an atmosphere in the first half of the quatrain of an extravagant banquet. This atmosphere contrasts with that of the last two lines, which carry the implication that one should drink deeply before the blossoms fall, before the time for parting arrives.

The final line of this poem has become particularly well-known and is sometimes taken to represent Yu Wuling's view of life. Masuji Ibuse's Japanese translation of this poem is also famous.

Works cited

  • "Yu Wu-ling (U Buryō in Japanese)". Britannica Kokusai Dai-Hyakkajiten (in Japanese). Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2014. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2016-11-03. 
  • Kageyama, Tatsuya. "Chūgoku no Hon no Hanashi 60 – Bungō to Kanshi (Sono Ni): Ibuse Masuji Yakuyoke Shishū" (PDF). Kyoto University of Foreign Studies Library. Kyoto University of Foreign Studies. p. 11. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 
  • Ōtani, Junko (2013-12-13). U Buryō Shi Kenkyū: Shigo ni takusareta wakare no omoi (PDF) (thesis outline). Hyogo University of Teacher Education. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 
  • Ueki, Hisayuki; Uno, Naoto; Matsubara, Akira (1999). "Shijin to Shi no Shōgai (U Buryō)". In Matsuura, Tomohisa. Kanshi no Jiten 漢詩の事典 (in Japanese). 1. Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten. pp. 133–134. OCLC 41025662. 
  • References

    Yu Wuling Wikipedia


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