Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

York Regional Police

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Covid-19
Motto  Deeds Speak
Sworn members  1529 (2015)
Formed  1971
Legal personality  Governmental: Government agency
General nature  Law enforcement Civilian agency
Headquarters  47 Don Hillock Drive, Aurora, Ontario

York Regional Police ("YRP") is a law enforcement organization that serves over 1.1 million residents in the York Region, Ontario, Canada, located north of Toronto. YRP was formed in 1971 from the police forces maintained by the nine municipalities which amalgamated into York Region at the time.

Contents

History

York Regional Police was formed in 1971 when the province forced the creation of a regional upper-tier municipal government that included the lower-tier municipalities of York County.

Prior to 1971 there were several police forces serving individual communities:

  • King Township Police;
  • Vaughan Township Police;
  • Whitchurch Township Police;
  • Markham Township Police;
  • North Gwillimbury Township Police;
  • Georgina Township Police;
  • East Gwillimbury Township;
  • Town of Richmond Hill Police;
  • Town of Newmarket Police;
  • Town of Aurora Police;
  • Village of Stouffville Police;
  • Village of Sutton Police;
  • Village of Markham Police;
  • Village of Woodbridge Police.
  • YRP's motto "Deeds Speak" is derived from the motto of the 3rd York Militia Regiment, many of whom also served as local constables in the Home District. The YRP crest is based on the crest from the former County of York government.

    Command

    York Regional Police senior command consists of the Chief of Police and two Deputy Chiefs.

    The head of the police service is Chief Eric Jolliffe who was sworn in as Chief on December 13, 2010. He replaced retired Chief Armand P. La Barge after he completed 37 years of service. Chief Jolliffe was a former Deputy Chief of the force. The administration and senior command are based at York Regional Police Headquarters in Aurora, Ontario.

    List of Chiefs of York Regional Police

    A list of Chiefs of York Regional Police since its creation in 1971:

  • Bruce Allan Crawford 1971-1987, former Metropolitan Toronto Police officer, former Chief of Toronto Harbour Commission Police
  • Donald Hillock 1987-1992, former Aurora Township Police officer
  • Bryan Cousineau 1992-1997, retired former Whitchurch Township officer; charged with breach of trust during his time as Chief
  • Peter Scott 1997-1998, Acting Chief after retirement of Bryan Cousineau
  • Julian Fantino 1998-2000, former senior Metro Toronto police officer, Chief of London Police, later as Toronto Police Chief, provincial Commissioner of Emergency Management (Assistant Deputy Minister) and former Commissioner of the OPP
  • Robert Middaugh 2000-December 12, 2002, 34-year career police officer; former Deputy Chief in Halton, Chief in Hamilton-Wentworth
  • Armand P. La Barge December 12, 2002-December 2010, former York Regional Police Deputy Chief and career officer with the force
  • Eric Jolliffe December 13, 2010 – present
  • Operations

    Operations are composed of:

  • Administrative Services
  • Information Services
  • Investigative Services
  • Support Services
  • Community Services
  • Court Services
  • Emergency Support (ERU and EDU)
  • Operating Districts

    York Regional Police is divided into five geographical districts:

  • 1 District - 240 Prospect St, Newmarket serving:
  • → Newmarket, Ontario

    → Aurora, Ontario

    → East Gwillimbury, Ontario

    → Northern King, Ontario

  • 2 District - 171 Major Mackenzie Dr West, Richmond Hill serving:
  • → Richmond Hill, Ontario

    → Oak Ridges, Ontario

    → Thornhill, Ontario

  • 3 District - 3527 Baseline Rd, Sutton serving:
  • → Georgina, Ontario

    → Lake Simcoe (patrolled by the Marine Unit)

  • 4 District - 2700 Rutherford Rd, Vaughan serving:
  • → Vaughan, Ontario

    → Southern King, Ontario

  • 5 District - 8700 McCowan Rd, Markham serving:
  • → Markham, Ontario

    → Whitchurch-Stouffville, Ontario

    Each District is headed by a Superintendent and Inspector.

    Operational Buildings

  • Whitchurch-Stouffville Community Substation, 111 Sandiford Dr, Whitchurch-Stouffville
  • The York Regional Police provides a Substation to the community of Whitchurch-Stouffville. Numerous personnel work out of this substation to provide a police presence within the community.

  • King Community Policing Centre (Tristan Centre Arena), King Township
  • Opened in August 2011, the King Community Policing Centre hosts several events including safety clinics and community events. It is supported by several of the service's volunteers and civilian staff to strengthen the standards of safety, well-being and quality of life in the community.

  • Community Safety Village of York Region, Bruce's Mill Conservation Area, 3291 Stouffville Rd, Stouffville
  • York Regional Police's Community Safety Village is a resource used by the service to teach young children about fire, traffic and personal safety. The resource includes a 10,000 square foot replica town with crosswalks, functioning traffic lighting and signals. Usually the resource is utilized by local schools, however, several events are held at the location yearly which families may attend.

  • Community Resource Centre (Collision Reporting & Customer Service), 10720 Yonge St, Richmond Hill
  • A Community Resource Centre is also available to residents of the southern municipalities in the Region.

    This location hosts the service's Collision Reporting Centre (Vaughan, Richmond Hill and Markham municipalities only):

    Monday to Friday: 7 a.m. to 9 p.m.

    Saturday: 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.

    Closed Sunday and holidays

    If a collision occurs in another municipality, York Regional Police must be contacted to have an officer attend. The Customer Service Unit also operates out of the Community Resource Centre and works the following hours:

    Monday to Friday: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.

    Saturday: 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.

    Closed Sunday and holidays

    Marine Unit

    The Marine Unit consists of 11 full-time members and patrols southern shoreline of Lake Simcoe and other York Region waterways. It is responsible for approximately 350 square kilometers of Lake Simcoe and services the entire lake if required. The Marine Unit operates out of 3 District Headquarters in Sutton. The unit has 7 vessels at their disposal and are deployed from Keswick Community Policing Office 290 The Queensway South at Marina Drive.

    Emergency Support

    Emergency Support is a 23-member unit with Emergency Response Unit and Explosive Disposal Unit.

    Workforce

    The service currently has an authorized strength of close to 1,600 sworn members and approximately 500 civilian staff.

    Fleet

    York Regional Police is only one of two forces in the greater Toronto area with an active air support unit (Durham is the other police force with one). While the Toronto Police Service does not have an air unit, York's air unit serves their area under a mutual support agreement.

    Marked cruisers are labelled with the motto Deeds Speak.

    Three of YRP's boats are named by Elder Barbara McDonald of the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation.

    Uniform

    Front line officers are dressed in dark blue (shirts, cargo pants (with red stripe) and boots), standard in most municipal police forces in Ontario. Winter jackets are either black or reflective orange/yellow with the word POLICE in white and blue at the back. Previously the force wore light blue shirts, typical of most police forces in Ontario.

    The uniform patch consist of the force's crest with wording "York Regional Police" on a black tombstone shape.

    Auxiliary members wear the same uniform, lack of weapons, different shoulder patch and different hat band (black and red Battenburg markings) distinguishes them from front line officers.

    Officers wear standard forage caps and may opt for Yukon hats in the winter. Motorcycle units have white helmets. Black or reflective gloves are also provided to officers directing traffic. Red caps are used by search teams looking for missing persons.

    Senior officers have white shirts and a dark blue dress jacket.

    Crest

  • St. Edward's Crown
  • ribbon containing the words York Regional Police
  • the shield contains:
  • The DEER STRICKEN WITH AN ARROW represents the original state of the country
  • The SHEAF OF WHEAT represents the first progress in agriculture.
  • The TREE WITH AN AXE represents the first act of improvement.
  • The STEAM BOAT represents the high state of technological advancement at the time.
  • Flag

    The YRP flag consists of a nautical B signal flag with the YRP crest located in the white portion of the flag.

    Ranks

    The rank insignia of York Regional Police is similar to that used by police services elsewhere in Canada and in the United Kingdom, except that the usual "pips" are replaced by maple leaves.

    Police Senior Officers

    The day-to-day and regional operations are commanded by senior officers:

  • Superintendent
  • Inspector
  • Uniform Non-Commissioned Officers

    On-road enforcement and emergency response is supervised by:

  • Staff Sergeant (Field Command)
  • Sergeant (District/Area Supervisors)
  • Investigative Non-Commissioned Officers

    Investigations are divided into crimes against persons and crimes against property. These investigations are conducted by:

  • Detective Sergeant
  • Detective
  • Detective Constable
  • Police Officers

  • Constable - first class (4+ years), second class (3+ years), third class (2+ years), fourth class (1+ years), probationary (less than 1 year)
  • Civilian Members

  • Cadet
  • Special Constable (Court Security Officers) - Special Constables are sworn-in pursuant to section 53 of the Police Services Act which confers Peace Officer status. Special constables have the powers of a police officer to enforce federal statutes and various provincial statutes while in the execution of their duties.
  • Station Duty Officers
  • Police Communicators
  • Auxiliary Constables (approx. 120 members circa. August 2007) Pursuant to Section 52 of the Police Services Act, a Chief of Police can appoint Auxiliary Constables to act as volunteers. An Auxiliary constable is not a peace officer but has the authority of a police officer only if he or she is accompanied or supervised by a police officer and is authorized to perform police duties by the Chief of Police.
  • Fleet Assistant - deal with maintenance of YRP vehicles
  • Communications

    Communications is the branch of York Regional Police responsible for receiving all 911 and non-emergency police calls. Under the supervision of Information Services, police communicators are on duty 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

    The communications center is located within police headquarters in Aurora, Ontario. Staff currently work 12-hour shifts, with four days on, followed by four days off. The communications staff are non-sworn members of York Regional Police, though the bureau is under the direction of an Inspector and a Staff Sergeant.

    Emergency Response Unit

    The Emergency Response Unit (ERU) is the YRP SWAT team formed in 1980. ERU is a group of specialized operators. The unit's primary mandate is to deal with high-risk situations beyond the safe operating limits of police officers with their normal equipment and training. The ERU provides assistance during any high risk situations by performing the following;

    1. Containment
    2. Apprehension of armed and/or barricaded Persons
    3. Hostage rescue
    4. Explosive forced entry
    5. Explosive disposal
    6. High risk search warrants
    7. High risk vehicles/trains/aircraft assaults

    In 1988 demand for the Emergency Response Unit was on the rise. Various operational obligations including the fatal shooting of an armed suspect by the ERU during a hostage rescue in Richmond Hill highlighted the need for additional members. In 1989 the Emergency Response Unit increased to 11 members.

    In 2001 York Regional Police established a Shared Service Agreement with Durham Regional Police Service, which allows for reciprocal tactical support in the event of large scale or long duration deployments. York Regional Police provides Tactical Team and Hostage Rescue Team support to South Simcoe Police Service upon their request.

    Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City, increased awareness of terrorist threats provided the greatest single incentive for growth and investment of tactical teams in Ontario since the 1976 Olympics in Montreal, Quebec.

    The Emergency Response Unit roster was expanded in 2002 to an undisclosed number. The roster includes both snipers and explosives technicians.

    The ERU has full Explosive Forced Entry capability, which is mainly used in its hostage rescue and armed/barricaded operations. The ERU is regularly involved in high-risk search warrant service within York Region and the Greater Toronto Area as well as a number of high-profile Joint Forces Operations within Ontario.

    York Regional Police ERU conducts its own strenuous selection process, with the applicants mainly being from the departments' uniform divisions. The unit also trains its own candidates in most required disciplines and is one of the founding members of the Ontario Tactical Advisory Body (OTAB).

    Members of the Emergency Response Unit currently hold positions within OTAB (Ontario Tactical Advisory Board) and CETA (Canadian Explosive Technicians Association) as well as membership in the NTOA (National Tactical Officers Association) and IABTI (International Association of Bomb Technicians and Investigators).

    Traffic Bureau

    The Traffic Bureau was formed in 1989. At the time, the Traffic Bureau worked out of offices located at 200 Industrial Parkway South in the Town of Aurora. The Traffic Bureau was made up of officers whose primary function was to enforce traffic related laws. The unit was made up of six officers who drove motorcycles and marked police cruisers.

    As time went on the unit began to specialize in the reconstruction of motor vehicle collisions. The unit expanded to approximately 20 officers working on four different platoons. The platoons followed the regular uniform officer shifts.

    Collision Reconstruction Unit

    On January 1, 2002 the Traffic Bureau was split into two separate entities, a Traffic Enforcement Unit and a Technical Collision Investigation Unit (T.C.I.U.). The T.C.I.U. was made up of six officers on two separate shifts supervised by one supervisor. The two teams worked four days, with one team working a day shift Tuesday to Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The other team would then work an afternoon shift from 3:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. The teams alternated shifts every other week.

    In 2004 the Technical Collision Investigation Unit was renamed the Collision Reconstruction Unit. The unit had eight members made up of investigators and collision reconstructionists. The unit was still working with two shifts and each shift had a supervisor.

    At present the Collision Reconstruction Unit is made up of 10 officers. Two teams of four investigators and collision reconstructionists and a supervisor. The team members specialize in investigative techniques and collision reconstruction.

    On December 15, 2003, York Regional Police's Collision Reconstruction Unit investigated a collision on Rutherford Road west of Pine Valley Drive in the City of Vaughan that killed former NHL Chicago Black Hawks player Keith Magnusson. Rob Ramage, another former NHL player, was arrested and charged with Impaired Operation Causing Death and Bodily Harm, Dangerous Operation Causing Death and Bodily Harm as well as Over 80mgs. At the trial in the fall of 2007, Rob Ramage was convicted of all the counts except the Over 80mgs. In January 2008 Rob Ramage was sentenced to 4 years in prison. He appealed his conviction and sentence. On July 12, 2010 the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld the conviction and sentence.

    The members of the unit have received training in collision reconstruction, marine reconstruction and other related fields in Ontario as well as in the U.S.

    Enforcement Unit

    On January 1, 2002 the Traffic Bureau was split into two separate entities, a Traffic Enforcement Unit and a Technical Collision Investigation Unit (T.C.I.U.). The enforcement Unit was made up of 14 officers and two supervisors.

    The Enforcement Unit is responsible for enforcement of all traffic laws. Officers from the Enforcement Unit perform breath tests and test drivers for sobriety utilizing Standardized Field Sobriety Testing and Drug Recognition Experts. York Regional Police's Traffic Bureau is considered a leader in Ontario in the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program with over 100 frontline officers trained in the S.F.S.T. battery and 35 officers trained as D.R.E.s. The Traffic Bureau also has the largest complement of S.F.S.T. and D.R.E. instructors in Ontario.

    Officers from the Enforcement Unit utilize various speed measuring devices from hand-held radars and lasers to moving radar units in their police vehicles. Speed enforcement is conducted throughout the region. Special computerized ticket writing units are utilized in police vehicles to ensure there are no human errors.

    The Enforcement Unit also instituted a Prohibited Driver program where officers investigate persons convicted of criminal driving offences whereby their driving privileges are revoked. Members use unmarked vehicles and conduct surveillance on suspects' home and court to catch violators.

    Emergency services

    York Regional Police is part of York Region's Emergency Services and works with:

  • York Region EMS
  • Fire Services in York Region
  • YRT/Viva Special Constable Services
  • Community services

    Bucky the Beaver is the force's mascot and is used at community events.

    Bobby the Bear, Morris the Moose and Bucky the Beaver represent York Regional Police at various special events.

    References

    York Regional Police Wikipedia


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