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William Holman Hunt

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Nationality  English
Role  Painter
Name  William Hunt

Occupation  painter
Citizenship  British
Education  Royal Academy of Arts
William Holman Hunt httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons77
Born  2 April 1827 (1827-04-02) Cheapside, London, England, United Kingdom
Died  September 7, 1910, Kensington, London, United Kingdom
Period  Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Artwork  The Light of the World, The Awakening Conscience, The Scapegoat, The Hireling Shepherd, The Shadow of Death
Similar People  Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais, Edward Burne‑Jones, Ford Madox Brown, Elizabeth Siddal

William Holman Hunt: A collection of 89 works (HD)


William Holman Hunt (2 April 1827 – 7 September 1910) was an English painter and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. His paintings were notable for their great attention to detail, vivid color, and elaborate symbolism. These features were influenced by the writings of John Ruskin and Thomas Carlyle, according to whom the world itself should be read as a system of visual signs. For Hunt it was the duty of the artist to reveal the correspondence between sign and fact. Of all the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Hunt remained most true to their ideals throughout his career. He was always keen to maximize the popular appeal and public visibility of his works.

Contents

William Holman Hunt FileWilliam Holman Hunt Biancajpg Wikimedia Commons

William holman hunt co founder preraphaelite brotherhood 1827 1910


Biography

William Holman Hunt Christ and the two Marys William Holman Hunt WikiArtorg

William Holman Hunt changed his surname from "Hobman Hunt" to Holman Hunt when he discovered that a clerk had misspelled the name after his baptism at the Anglican church of Saint Mary the Virgin, Ewell, England. After eventually entering the Royal Academy art schools, having initially been rejected, Hunt rebelled against the influence of its founder Sir Joshua Reynolds. He formed the Pre-Raphaelite movement in 1848, after meeting the poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Along with John Everett Millais they sought to revitalise art by emphasising the detailed observation of the natural world in a spirit of quasi-religious devotion to truth. This religious approach was influenced by the spiritual qualities of medieval art, in opposition to the alleged rationalism of the Renaissance embodied by Raphael. He had many pupils including Robert Braithwaite Martineau.

William Holman Hunt Amaryllis William Holman Hunt WikiArtorg

Hunt married twice. After a failed engagement to his model Annie Miller, he married Fanny Waugh, who later modelled for the figure of Isabella. When she died in childbirth in Italy, he sculpted her tomb at Fiesole, having it brought down to the English Cemetery in Florence, beside the tomb of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. He had a close connection with St. Mark's Church in Florence, and paid for the communion chalice inscribed in memory of his wife. His second wife, Edith, was Fanny's sister. At the time it was illegal in Great Britain to marry one's deceased wife's sister, so Hunt travelled abroad to marry her. This led to a grave conflict with other family members, notably his former Pre-Raphaelite colleague Thomas Woolner, who had once been in love with Fanny and had married Alice, the third sister of Fanny and Edith.

William Holman Hunt Hunt William Holman Fine Arts 19th c The Red List

Hunt's works were not initially successful, and were widely attacked in the art press for their alleged clumsiness and ugliness. He achieved some early note for his intensely naturalistic scenes of modern rural and urban life, such as The Hireling Shepherd and The Awakening Conscience. However, it was for his religious paintings that he became famous, initially The Light of the World (1851–1853), now in the chapel at Keble College, Oxford, England; a later version (1900) toured the world and now has its home in St Paul's Cathedral, London, England.

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In the mid-1850s Hunt travelled to the Holy Land in search of accurate topographical and ethnographical material for further religious works, and to employ his “powers to make more tangible Jesus Christ’s history and teaching”; there he painted The Scapegoat, The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple, and The Shadow of Death, along with many landscapes of the region. Hunt also painted many works based on poems, such as Isabella and The Lady of Shalott. He eventually built his own house in Jerusalem.

William Holman Hunt SelfPortrait Hunt William Holman Gallery Web

He eventually had to relinquish painting because failing eyesight meant that he could not achieve the quality that he wanted. His last major works, including a large version of The Light of the World, were completed with the help of his assistant, Edward Robert Hughes.

William Holman Hunt Il Dolce Hunt William Holman Gallery Web gallery of art

Hunt died on 7 September 1910 and was buried in St Paul's Cathedral in London, England.

Awards and commemoration

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Hunt published an autobiography in 1905. Many of his late writings are attempts to control the interpretation of his work. That year, he was appointed to the Order of Merit by King Edward VII. At the end of his life he lived in Sonning-on-Thames.

His personal life was the subject of Diana Holman-Hunt's book My Grandfather, his Life and Loves.

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was depicted in two BBC period dramas. The first, The Love School, in 1975, starred Bernard Lloyd as Hunt. The second was Desperate Romantics, in which Hunt is played by Rafe Spall.

Facing Mar Elias Monastery is a stone bench erected by the wife of the painter, who painted some of his major works at this spot. The bench is inscribed with biblical verses in Hebrew, Greek, Arabic and English.

Partial list of works

  • A Converted British Family Sheltering a Christian Missionary from the Persecution of the Druids (1850)
  • Valentine Rescuing Sylvia from Proteus (1851)
  • The Awakening Conscience (1853)
  • The Light of the World (1854)
  • The Scapegoat (1856)
  • The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple (1860)
  • The Shadow of Death (1871)
  • The Importunate Neighbour (1895)
  • The Miracle of the Holy Fire (1899)
  • References

    William Holman Hunt Wikipedia


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