Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

Weinmannia tomentosa

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Cunoniaceae
Scientific name  Weinmannia tormentosa
Order  Oxalidales
Genus  Weinmannia
Rank  Species
Weinmannia tomentosa Opiniones de Weinmannia tomentosa
Similar  Weinmannia, Myrsine guianensis, Tibouchina lepidota, Clusia multiflora, Quercus humboldtii

Weinmannia tomentosa (Encenillo) is a tree native of the highlands of the Andean region of Colombia, which belongs to the family Cunoniaceae. A synonym for Weinmannia tomentosa is Windmannia tomentosa.


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Weinmannia tomentosa Inicio

It is a large (15–25 metres (49–82 ft)) tree, with small light green leaves (2–7 centimetres (0.79–2.76 in)), with white backside, and raquis with small wings of rhomboidal shape. alternated palmatilobulated (hand-shaped) leaves. The terminal branches are divided with thick nodes with similar shape to the human metacarpus. The flowers are small spicas (4-6cm) creamy-white colored. Common names: encenillo, cáscaro, pelotillo.

Environmental position

Weinmannia tomentosa Inicio

Encenillo is one of the best adapted trees of the sub-páramo, growing between 2500–3300 meters of altitude. It is often associated with Dendropanax colombianus, Miconia spp., Macleania rupestris, Cavendishia cordifolia, Myrsine spp. and Clusia multiflora. Before the colonial period, encenillo tree was one of the dominant species in the andean forests.

Weinmannia tomentosa Inicio

Some similar species are: Bogotan encenillo (Weinmannia bogotensis), wide-leaved encenillo (Weinmannia karsteniana), thick-leaved encenillo (Weinmannia auriculifera), round-leaved encenillo (Weinmannia rollotii) and mirth encenillo (Weinmannia myrtifolia).


Weinmannia tomentosa Inicio

The encenillo tree is used as source of tanning substances for the leather industry, giving to the leather a beautiful reddish color. The wood is very appreciated in the timber industry and is used for cooking in the traditional preparation of the cheese arepas.


Weinmannia tomentosa Wikipedia

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