Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Quercus humboldtii

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fagaceae
Section  Lobatae
Higher classification  Oak
Order  Fagales
Genus  Quercus
Scientific name  Quercus humboldtii
Rank  Species
Quercus humboldtii Quercus humboldtii Wikipedia
Similar  Oak, Fagaceae, Quercus cedrosensis, Quercus costaricensis, Quercus gravesii

Roble andino quercus humboldtii en villa de leiva boyac


Quercus humboldtii, commonly known as the Andean oak, Colombian oak or roble, is a species of oak in the beech family found only in Colombia and Panamá. It is named for Alexander von Humboldt. It grows in the mountains with an altitudinal range from 1,000 to 3,200 m. It is found on all three Colombian Andean cordilleras and some lowland inter-Andean regions.

Contents

Quercus humboldtii Quercus humboldtii observed by damonsalveo on July 5 2012

Description

Quercus humboldtii Quercus humboldtii Fagaceae image 57905 at PhytoImagessiuedu

Quercus humboldtii is an evergreen tree which grows to a height of 25 meters and a diameter of 1 meter, with buttresses of up to 1 meter. Its bark is reddish grey or grey and fissured, breaking into squares and flaking. The leaves simple, alternate and lanceolate, up to 10–20 cm long, and clustered at the ends of the branches. The flowers are small, yellow, and unisexual, with a racemic inflorescence. Male flowers are numerous, with long-styled female flowers in a cupula. The fruit is a light brown, ovoid capsule, or acorn, with a leathery pericarp, 20–25 mm in diameter and 50–70 mm long, resting on a scaly cupule. Only one fruit per cupule is developed, and the inside of the acorn shell is woolly.

Quercus humboldtii Quercus humboldtii Fagaceae image 57945 at PhytoImagessiuedu

The tree grows in the Andean highlands where the mean annual temperature is 16−24 °C, and the mean annual rainfall 1500–2500 mm. It can be found in moderately fertile and deep soils as well as in degraded soils, preferring shallow soils with a thick layer of humus. The acorns provide important food for wildlife; two parrots - the rusty-faced parrot and Fuertes's parrot - are endemic to the threatened montane ecosystems of the Colombian Andes and are particularly dependent on the Andean oak forests as a home.

Quercus humboldtii httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Quercus humboldtii Quercus humboldtii Wikipedia la enciclopedia libre
Quercus humboldtii Roble Quercus humboldtii Un gigante centenario elevndos Flickr

References

Quercus humboldtii Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Fagaceae
Oak
Quercus cedrosensis
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