Sneha Girap (Editor)

Wehib Pasha

Updated on
Edit
Like
Comment
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Name  Wehib Pasha
Siblings  Mehmet Esat Bulkat
Died  1940, Istanbul, Turkey
Wehib Pasha httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsbb
Similar People  Otto Liman von Sanders, Cevat Cobanli, John de Robeck, Enver Pasha, Hafiz Hakki Pasha

Vehib Pasha also known as Wehib Pasha, Vehip Pasha, Mehmed Wehib Pasha, Mehmet Vehip Pasha (modern Turkish: Kaci Vehip Pasa or Mehmet Vehip (Kaci), 1877–1940), was a general in the Ottoman Army. He fought in the Balkan Wars and in several theatres of World War I. In his later years, he acted as a military advisor to the Ethiopian army in the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.

Contents

Biography

Vehib was born in 1877 in Yanya (present day: Ioannina), then part of the Ottoman Empire. Coming from a prominent family of the city his father, Mehmet Emin Efendi, had served as the mayor of the city. He was an Albanian. His elder brother Esad Pasha defended Gallipoli in 1915, and Kazim Taskent was the founder of the Yapi Kredi that is the first nationwide private bank in Turkey. Vehib himself graduated from the Ottoman Imperial School of Military Engineering (Muhendishane-i Berri-i Humayun) in 1899, and then graduated from the Ottoman War College (Staff College, Mekteb-i Erkan-i Harbiye-i Sahane) as a staff captain and joined the Fourth Army, which was then stationed in Yemen. In 1909, after the 31 March Incident, Vehib was called to Constantinople (Istanbul), where he began to work at the Ministry of War. Shortly afterwards Mahmud Shevket Pasha appointed Vehib as the Commander of the Cadet School (Military high school, Askeri Idadi). He reached the rank of Major.

Balkan wars

During the First Balkan War, Vehib defended the Fortress Yanya with his brother Esad Pasha who was the commander of the Yanya Corps, until February 20, 1913. The Ottoman forces surrendered to the Greeks under Crown Prince Constantine.

After his release as a prisoner of war, Vehib was made a Colonel in the 22nd Infantry Division. He was sent to Hejaz in Arabia.

First World War

The Ottoman Empire entered World War I and Vehib participated in the Gallipoli Campaign, commanding the XV Army Corps, and later the Second Army. His successes led to his being made commander of the Third Army during the Caucasus Campaign. His army held against attacks by the Russians but was defeated in the battle of Erzinjan. In 1918, Vehib's Third Army regained the offensive and took back Trabzon on February 24, Hopa in March, as well as Batumi on March 26. With the Armistice of Mudros, Vehib returned to Constantinople (Istanbul).

War of Independence

Vehib did not participate in the Turkish War of Independence. After his return to Constantinople at the end of World War I, he was prosecuted for misuse of his office and jailed (Bekiraga Boluk). He escaped to Italy. His citizenship was revoked by the new government of Turkey. He spent some time in Italy, Germany, Romania, Greece and Egypt. His dislike of Mustafa Kemal was well known and he never did hide his contempt for the new leader of Turkey who had once fought under his command at Gallipoli. He did not return to Istanbul until after his death.

Abyssinia

Vehib participated in the Second Italo-Abyssinian War where he was known as Wehib Pasha. He served as the Chief-of-Staff to Ras Nasibu, the Ethiopian Commander-in-Chief on the southern front. Vehib designed a strong defensive line for the Ethiopians which was known as the "Hindenburg Wall", in reference to the famous German defensive line of World War I, the Hindenburg Line. However, the Italians broke through these defenses during the Battle of the Ogaden in April 1936. Afterwards, Vehib left Ethiopia and returned to Istanbul.

He died in 1940 and was buried at Karacaahmet Cemetery in Istanbul.

References

Wehib Pasha Wikipedia