Girish Mahajan

Vestre Toten

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Country  Norway
District  Toten
Area rank  303 in Norway
Area  249 km²
Local time  Sunday 5:57 PM
County  Oppland
Administrative centre  Raufoss
Demonym(s)  Vestretotning
Population  12,597 (2004)
Official language form  Bokmål
Vestre Toten httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Weather  12°C, Wind W at 5 km/h, 43% Humidity
Points of interest  Totenbadet, Stenberg, Blilisanden

Vestre Toten is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Toten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Raufoss.

Contents

Map of Vestre Toten, Norway

Name

The name comes from the Old Norse word Þótn. The meaning of Toten is unknown (maybe "the pleasant district"). The meaning of the name Vestre Toten is "(the) western (part of) Toten". (The parish of Toten was divided in 1825.)

Coat-of-arms

The coat of arms were granted on 3 May 1991. The arms show two silver knives on a green background. They are a typical type of knife from the area (the special "Toten-knives"). It symbolizes the long tradition of wood carving. The arms were designed by Inge Rotevatn.

History

According to the sagas, Halfdan Hvitbeinn (Whiteleg) was the first Yngling in Norway. He conquered Romerike, part of Hedmark, part of Vestfold, and Toten. He was killed in Toten around the year 740.

In 1021, according to saga, King Olaf (reigned 1015-1028) converted Toten to Christianity. Also, King Håkon IV (reigned 1217–1263) came to Toten around the year 1226 to settle local unrest.

Christian II (1481-1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513-1523), and Sweden (1520-1521), under the Kalmar Union. Prior to becoming king, Duke Christian was sent to Norway in 1506 by John II (also called Hans), King of Norway (1483 – 1513) to take charge of the kingdom. In 1507, he became aware of a revolt in Hedmark. In early 1508, he took a force there, routing the rebellion. He then rowed across lake Mjøsa to Toten, capturing residents, imprisoning them in the vaulted cellar of the rectory in Østre Toten and torturing them there. As a result, he determined that Bishop Karl of Hamar had been behind the rebellion. With Bishop Karl as his captive, he was able to suppress the unrest.

Toten was a part of Akershus county until 1756, when it was reassigned to Oppland county. Lauritz Weideman, Corporal Peder Balke, and Nels Dyhren from Toten attended the 1814 constitutional convention at Eidsvold.

Vestre Toten was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The areas of Kolbu and Eina were separated from Vestre Toten on 1 January 1908. Eina was, however, merged back into the municipality of Vestre Toten on 1 January 1964 (and Kolbu was merged into Østre Toten at this time also).

Geography

The municipal center is Raufoss. Other smaller towns in the municipality include Eina, Reinsvoll, and Bøverbru.

Vestre Toten borders on Østre Toten to the east, Gjøvik to the north, Gran to the south and Søndre Land to the west.

The highest point is Lauvhøgda with a height of 722 metres (2,369 ft). The Hunnselva river begins in the Einavatnet lake and ends in the Mjøsa at Gjøvik.

Economy

Farming and industry are important. Raufoss Aluminum is a major employer in the community. The Gjøvikbanen train line passes through the community.

References

Vestre Toten Wikipedia


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