Umm Salal (Arabic: أم صلال) is a municipality in the State of Qatar.
It contains several historic places, such as Barzan Tower. The municipal headquarters Umm Salal is located inland, about 10 km from the coast and 15 km north of Doha, the Qatari capital.
Umm Salal's eastern edge is the shores of the Persian Gulf. On land, it borders the following municipalities:Doha - southeast
Al Rayyan - southwest
Al-Shahaniya - west
Al Khawr - north
The first word of Umm Salal is Arabic for "mother", while salal refers to large rocks or stones. Hence, the area's name translates literally to "mother of rocks". It was so named for the numerous rock formations found in the area.
The municipality was established in 1972, at the same time as Qatar's other initial municipalities. Its headquarters was inaugurated on 29 November 1974, under the auspices of Sheikh Mohammad bin Jaber Al-Thani, former minister of Municipality and Urban Planning, alongside Abdul Aziz al-Ghanem, who was Umm Salal's municipal council representative. The first head of the municipal council was Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani.
As of 2015, there are 17 schools, 98 mosques, 2 health care facilities, and 2 community centers or malls operating within the municipality.
A large-scale government-owned plant nursery is located in the village of Abu Thaylah. Plants grown in the nursery are used for research and also distributed to government ministries. The nursery spans 2,500 sq meters and was established in 2003.
Barzan Towers are located in Umm Salal Mohammed. The towers were built in the late 19th century and were renovated by Sheikh Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani in the early 20th century to serve as guard posts for water sources and to observe the new moon during Ramadan.
A fort belonging to Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani, a son of the former emir of Qatar, is still preserved in Umm Salal Mohammed. The grave of another member of the royal family and a former governor, Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani, is also a notable attraction located in the municipality.
A QAR 133 million logistics area in Jeri Al-Sammar was announced by the Ministry of Economy and Trade in 2015. The area allocated for the logistics center was 74,180 sq meters, and it had an estimated completion date of early 2017.
Barwa Group embarked on a QAR 395 million warehouse complex project, due to be completed in 2017, with an area 259,446 sq meters in Umm Shahrayn, near Saina Al-Humaidi.
As of 2017, Rashid Ahmed Al-Kaabi is the mayor of Umm Salal Municipality.
The following zones were recorded in the 2015 population census:
The following table is a breakdown of registered live births by nationality and sex for Umm Salal. Places of birth are based on the home municipality of the mother at birth.