Al Rayyan Municipality was created as an independent municipal administration by the Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning in 1972.
Since 2004, Al Jumaliyah municipality was merged with Al Rayyan municipality; Jarayan al Batnah was split between municipality Al Rayyan and municipality Al Wakrah, Doha Industrial Area split off, Zone 58 of Doha is an enclave in Ar Rayyan.
In 2014, the western city of Al-Shahaniya was dissociated from Al Rayyan Municipality to form its own municipality. Integrating approximately 35% of Al Rayyan's area into the new municipality, some of Al Rayyan's western localities such as Al Gharbiam, Al Utouriya, Al Jemailiya, Umm Bab, Rawdat Rashed, Al Nasraniya, Dukhan and Al Khurayb were also included in the new municipality.
As of 2015, there are 199 schools, 507 mosques, 26 health care facilities, and 51 community centers or malls operating within the municipality.
A massive labor camp in the Umm Al Afai area with a capacity for 21,000 workers was announced in 2013. The project was reported to cost QAR 122 million.
Note: 2010 adjusted figures here, 2015 preliminary figures
The following table is a breakdown of registered live births by nationality and sex for Al Rayyan. Places of birth are based on the home municipality of the mother at birth.
Al Rayyan Municipality was established in 1972. As of 2017, Rashid Hamad Al-Hajri is the mayor of Al Rayyan Municipality.
The following administrative zones are found in Al Rayyan Municipality as of 2015:
There are a number of historic forts in the municipality, such as Al Wajbah Fort, which was the setting of a battle between the Ottomans and Qataris in the Battle of Al Wajbah in 1892.
Education City, which houses most of Qatar's universities, is located in Al Rayyan, as is several of Qatar Foundation's institutes.
Several multi-sports clubs are based in the municipality: Al Rayyan SC, Al-Gharafa SC, Muaither SC, Mesaimeer SC and Al-Sailiya SC.
Al Rayyan hosts a racing and equestrian club. Aspire Tower and Aspire Park are also nestled in the municipality.