| 103,541 (2009)|
Ukhta (Russian: Ухта́; Komi: Уква, Ukva) is an important industrial town in the Komi Republic of Russia. Population: 99,591 (2010 Census); 103,340 (2002 Census); 110,548 (1989 Census).
Oil springs along the Ukhta River were already known in the 17th century. In the mid-19th century, industrialist M. K. Sidorov started to drill for oil in this area. It was one of the first oil wells in Russia. There was homecraft oil-field in 1920–1921 in Ukhta. Lying on the river of the same name, the settlement was founded as the village of Chibyu in 1929, but in 1939 it was renamed Ukhta. It was granted town status in 1943 when it was linked to the Pechora Railway. To the east of the town is Sosnogorsk, and to the southwest—Yarega. In addition to its rail link, Ukhta also has an airport.
The town expanded in the 1940s and 1950s by use of political prisoners' forced labor.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with four urban-type settlements (Borovoy, Vodny, Shudayag, and Yarega) and thirteen rural localities, incorporated as the town of republic significance of Ukhta—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Ukhta is incorporated as Ukhta Urban Okrug.
Ukhta lies within the Pechora River basin, an important oil and gas-producing region. The oilfields lie just south of the city. Some of the Ukhta's oil is refined locally; most, however, is piped to oil refineries between St. Petersburg and Moscow. There were a few gas pipeline explosions at a distance of five miles from the town since the 1990s.
Ukhta has a continental subarctic climate with cold winters and short warm summers. Compared with areas at a similar latitude in Siberia, winters are less extreme, but still much longer than summer and bitterly cold by European standards.Roman Abramovich, Russian businessman
Sergei Kapustin, hockey player
Viktor Alexandrovič Lyapkalo, painter
Eduard Rossel, Governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast
Yulia Samoilova, Russian singer
Alexander Sukhorukov, Olympic swimmer