Tura (IPA: ˈtʊərə) is a hilly town and a municipality in West Garo Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. One of the largest towns in Meghalaya, Tura is a valley located at the foothills of the Tura Hills and right below the Tura Peak. The climate in Tura is moderate throughout the year and has a large number of interesting and unexplored areas. The native god Durama was believed to reside in the hills. The name Tura is said to be a corruption (by the British) of the god's name.
It is 220 kilometres from the nearest city Guwahati and is also the district capital of the West Garo Hills district. It is filled with small rivulets and green valleys all around. The principal languages are Garo and English. The city has 4 colleges and a host of good secondary schools. In 1973, the town was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tura.
The capital city of Shillong is 323 kilometres away and can be accessed via buses or the shuttle helicopter service. The border of Bangladesh Dalu, is situated at a proximity of 50 kilometres.
Tura is a cultural and administrative centre of the Garo tribes. To visit popular tourist destinations such as Balpakram, Nokrek and Siju Cave, one needs to pass through this town.
There are many water falls and lot of streams in Tura. Some of the water falls are Rongbangdare, Pelgadare, Gandrak Falls etc. Some of the streams are Rangolwari, Nokmawari, Ganol, Dachima etc.
Tura is located at 25.52°N 90.22°E / 25.52; 90.22. It has an average elevation of 349 metres (1145 feet).
The population of Tura city is 75,000 according to census 2011. Garo people form the majority of Tura city population. The population of Garo people in the Tura city is 54,750 which makes up 73% of the city population. As of 2011 India census, Tura had a population of 58,391. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tura has an average literacy rate of 7%, higher than the national average of 56%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 67%. In Tura, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Tura is situated in the western part of meghalaya which is quite close to the National Border of Bangladesh. Main mode of transport is by road, there are no railways or any scheduled flights from Tura airport. From Guwahati, it is 221 km, through the National Highway 51. Day time Sumo and overnight bus services are available from Guwahati. There is a 3-days-a-week helicopter service available from Guwahati and Shillong, run by Pawan Hans.
Main Residents of Tura are the Garo tribe (Native People). Christianity is the main religion, more than 90% of the Garos are Baptist. The Garos have a matrilineal and matrilocal society. Hajong and Koch tribe are also native people of Meghalaya and they are Hindu by religion.Tura Public School
Kendriya Vidyalaya Tura
Aeroville Secondary School
Don Bosco Secondary School
St.Mary Higher Secondary School
St. Xavier's Secondary School
Christian Girls' Higher Secondary School
Christian Boys' Secondary School
Government Boys Higher Secondary School
Government Girls' Higher Secondary School
Mothers' Union Secondary School
Little Flower Secondary School
Hawakhana Deficit Higher Secondary School
Goudiya Math Vidyapeet
New Horizon Secondary School
Mt. Sinai Secondary School
Tura Town Higher Secondary School
Pechon A. Sangma Memorial Police Public School
Tura Hindi Secondary School
Gorkha Secondary School
Nivedita Girls Secondary School
Akhongre Secondary School
Burney Hill Secondary School
New Tura Secondary School
Hill view Higher Secondary School
Capt. Williams School - affiliated to CBSE since 2017
Montfort Centre for Education
Tura Industrial Training Institute (oldest Vocational Institute in North East India)
Tura Govt.College (the oldest college of Garo Hills)
Don Bosco College
Tura College of Information Technology.
ICFAI University Meghalaya, Tura
College of Teacher Education
College of Home Science (under Central Agricultural University, Imphal)
Harding Theological College
Martin Luther University, Tura Campus
Tura Law College
Tura United Christian Academy
Sikkim Manipal, Tura
Regional Vocational Training Institute
North Eastern Hill University, Tura Campus
There are many varieties of food available, the common one is the traditional Garo food. Traditional Garo food includes boiled rice, different preparations of pork, beef, chicken and dry fish. Some of the delicacies of Garo Food are Na·kam Bitchi (it is dry fish curry made with chillies and soda), Wak Pura (it is pork cooked with crushed rice, Kapa (meat fried with soda and boiled with fresh garden spices).The common delicacies are rice cakes called sakkin (made with locally grown sticky rice and sesame seed)and pitta (made with crushed sticky rice and jaggery). There are many variety of locally made drinks. Minil bitchi or Mi bitchi (Rice Beer) (made of fermented sticky rice or normal rice) is one of the most common drink.In fact,there are various indigenous delicacies.
All India Radio has a local station in Tura which transmits various programs of mass interest.Recently, daily local newspapers viz., The Tura Times, Janera and Salantini Ku·rang has been disseminating the information to the whole region of Garo Hills and also to parts of Assam (esp. two districts Kamrup and Goalpara) where the areas are populated with Garo People.