| 143,839 (2010)|
Tsukuba International University
Tsuchiura (土浦市, Tsuchiura-shi) is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 141,181 and a population density of 1510 persons per km². Its total area was 122.89 km². About 3,000 residents are non-Japanese, including a large proportion of Filipinos, Chinese, and Brazilians.
Located in southwestern Ibaraki Prefecture, Tsuchiura is situated along the western shores of Lake Kasumigaura, the second largest lake in Japan. The Tokyo metropolis lies about 60 km to the south, and Tsukuba science city borders Tsuchiura to the west.Ibaraki Prefecture
Human settlement in the Tsuchiura area dates to the Japanese Paleolithic period, Hunter-gatherers inhabited the coastal area of the Pacific Ocean (now Lake Kasumigaura) forming large shell middens, examples of which can be seen at the Kamitakatsu archeological site. Locals began wet-rice cultivation and develop iron and bronze technology during the Yayoi period and in the Kofun period numerous Burial mounds were constructed in the area. During the Nara period the area was organized under the [Code of Taiho|Taihō Code]] with what is now Tsuchiura occupying four districts of Hitachi Province. In the Heian period, In 939, Taira no Masakado lead an uprising against the central government by attacking the provincial capital at Ishioka, a few kilometers to the north of Tsuchiura. During the Kamakura period and Sengoku period, the area was dominated by several samurai clans During the Edo period, parts of what is now Tsuchiura was administered as a castle town by Tsuchiura Domain, one of the feudal domains of the Tokugawa shogunate. The area prospered due to its position on the Mito Kaido, a highway connecting Edo with Mito and with a canal connecting Lake Kasumigaura to Edo Bay.
With the creation of the municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration on April 1, 1889, the town of Tsuchiura was established within Ibaraki Prefecture. In 1895 railroad service was started in Tsuchiura. The Gothic Revival architecture of the old junior high school from this period can be seen at the Daiichi high school. Tsuchiura was elevated to city status when the towns of Manabe and Tsuchiura were merged on November 3, 1940. The city suffered damage during an air raid on June 10, 1945 in World War II. On September 1, 1951, Tsuchiura absorbed parts of the village of Asahi (on the shores of Arakawa) and absorbed the village of Towa. The city later absorbed the village of Kamiotsu on November 1, 1954. On February 20, 2006, the village of Niihari (from Niihari District) was merged into Tsuchiura.
The city is managed by the mayor’s office and the city council, essentially a mayor-council government. The mayor is elected through a citywide election and the city council are elected from their respective districts. The mayor’s office is made up of the Mayor, Kiyoshi Nakagawa (中川清), Vice mayors, Hideaki Goto (五頭英明) and Hiroshi Koizumi (小泉祐司). And the 28-member city council is headed by Chairperson Kiyoshi Yaguchi (矢口清). Tsuchiura’s political system is similar to other cities in Japan, as the Local Autonomy Law makes all municipalities uniform in terms of power and organization.Tsukuba International University
Tsuchiura has 19 elementary schools, eight public and two private middle schools, and five public and four private high schools. It also has one special education school.
JR East – Jōban Line
Arakawaoki - Tsuchiura - Kandatsu
Jōban Expressway – Sakura-Tsuchiura IC, Tsuchiura-Kita IC
Japan National Route 6
Japan National Route 125
Japan National Route 354
– Palo Alto, California, USA, since 2009
– Friedrichshafen, Germany, since 1994
site of Tsuchiura Castle
Tsuchiura National Fireworks Competition
Kazuhiko Nishijima, physicist
Takeshi Terauchi, musician
Chiaki Kuriyama, actress
Haruma Miura, actor, singer
Mari Iijima, singer-songwriter
Junko Minagawa, voice actress
Nobuo Fujita, IJN aviator
Tomoko Fukumi, judoka
Takayasu Akira, sumo wrestler
Noriyuki Sugasawa, basketball player