T-Men is a 1947 semidocumentary style film noir by director Anthony Mann and shot by noted noir cameraman John Alton. The production features Dennis O'Keefe, Mary Meade, Alfred Ryder, Wallace Ford, June Lockhart and Charles McGraw. A year later, director Mann used the film's male lead, Dennis O'Keefe, in Raw Deal.
The film was identified as a B movie when featured in the 1992 documentary, Visions Of Light: The Art Of Cinematography for its use of lighting and in the discussion about film noir.
The story involved two U.S. Treasury ("T-men") agents who go undercover in Detroit and then Los Angeles in an attempt to break a U.S. currency counterfeiting ring.
The agents try to join the gang by posing as counterfeiters from out of town. They eventually join the gang but the stakes are set even higher when one of the agents is killed by the gang while the other undercover T-man watches in horror.Dennis O'Keefe as Dennis O'Brien - aka Vannie Harrigan
Mary Meade as Evangeline
Alfred Ryder as Tony Genaro - aka Tony Galvani
Wallace Ford as The Schemer (as Wally Ford)
June Lockhart as Mary Genaro
Charles McGraw as Moxie
Jane Randolph as Diana Simpson
Art Smith as Gregg
Herbert Heyes as Chief Carson
Jack Overman as Brownie
John Wengraf as 'Shiv' Triano
Jim Bannon as Agent Lindsay
William Malten as Paul Miller
The film was the first of a series of film noirs from Eagle Lion. Edward Small provided the finance and Eagle Lion took 25% of the profits.
The film was successful at the box office.
The New York Times film critic, Bosley Crowther, gave the film a positive review, "Hand it to Mr. Small's craftsmen: they have turned out a cops-and-robbers film in this new 'semi-documentary' format which, for action, is one of the best ... Made in part on locations in Detroit and Los Angeles, it does have a look of reality not often encountered in such films ... And Anthony Mann has directed the action, of which there is more than enough, with a fine sense of melodramatic timing and a good eye for sharp, severe effects."
Contemporary film critic, Dennis Schwartz, praised the film, writing, "The compelling well-made fake realism of the small studio sleeper semi-documentary crime thriller, T-Men, brought to wider attention the immense skills of B-film director Anthony Mann (Desperate/The Tin Star/The Man from Laramie) and cinematographer John Alton ... John Alton's brilliant camerawork makes the mise en scène dramatically grander than the matter-of-fact tone of the narration."
Although the film was a success it led to a breach between Eagle Lion and Small as Small was unhappy with the way his contribution to the film was minimized in advertising.
The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Sound (Jack Whitney).
The film was remade in 1969, as The File of the Golden Goose, directed by Sam Wanamaker and starring Yul Brynner and Edward Woodward and this time set in London, England instead of the United States.
In 1970 Small announced he intended to turn the film into a TV series but it did not eventuate.