Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Solanum linnaeanum

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Solanaceae
Scientific name  Solanum linnaeanum
Order  Solanales
Genus  Solanum
Rank  Species
Solanum linnaeanum Solanum linnaeanum
Similar  Solanum villosum, Solanum incanum, Solanum triflorum, Solanum mauritianum, Solanum marginatum

Solanum linnaeanum is a nightshade species known as devil's apple and, in some places where it is introduced, apple of Sodom. The latter name is also used for other nightshades and entirely different plants elsewhere.

Solanum linnaeanum Other Plants Seeds amp Bulbs 10 Solanum linnaeanum Seeds Devil39s

This poisonous plant bearing tomato-like fruit is native to South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and is considered to be an invasive species in Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, Fiji, New Caledonia, Aseer region of Saudi Arabia, Northern areas of Pakistan and other Pacific Islands.

Solanum linnaeanum Devils Apple Fruit of Sodom Poison Eggplant Solanum Linnaeanum Seeds

Solbec Pharmaceuticals attempted to develop Coramsine, a 1:1 mixture of the alkaloids solamargine and solasonine extracted from Solanum linnaeanum, as a cancer drug. Preliminary clinical trials were initially promising, but the drug was ultimately unsuccessful.

Solanum linnaeanum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa.

Solanum linnaeanum Factsheet Solanum linnaeanum prev S hermannii

Synonyms

Solanum linnaeanum FileStarr 0306280107 Solanum linnaeanumjpg Wikimedia Commons

Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to, the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently understood. A new taxon honoring Linnaeus was chosen. A number of invalid taxa have thus become attached to the devil's apple:

  • Solanum astrophorum Jan (nomen nudum)
  • Solanum hermannii Dunal
  • Solanum mccannii Santapau
  • Solanum sodomeum L.
  • Solanum sodomeum var. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal
  • Solanum sodomeum var. mediterraneum Dunal
  • Solanum undatum Bouton ex Dunal (preoccupied)
  • Solanum undatum as described by Walsh is Solanum lycocarpum. Solanum undatum var. violaceum, described by Dunal in de Candolle, is the original Solanum aethiopicum of Linnaeus.

    It is not clear whether the plant described by Drège as Solanum sodomeum was of this species. Solanum sodomeum by Russ based on Nees von Esenbeck is another nomen nudum. Furthermore, the common name "Apple of Sodom" is also applied to the dogbane species Calotropis procera.

    References

    Solanum linnaeanum Wikipedia


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