Sohagpur is also known for capital of Gondvana Princely state ruled under Nawab Kavi Us Jafar Alvi in British India. The town gets its name from Suhagpur-Sobhagyapur-Shonitpur. In Dwaparyuga, it was the capital of kingdom reigned by Banasura, the demon king who was a devotee of Shiva. He dueled with Lord Krishna and was killed and got moksha. Every year, the famous Mahashivratri mela is organized here with great pomp and show.
Sohagpur is located at 22.7°N 78.2°E / 22.7; 78.2. It has an average elevation of 323 metres (1059 feet). The area is generally flat terrain and full of natural sites like Madhai (मढ़ई). Palakmati is the local river here.
As of 2011 India census, Sohagpur is a Nagar Panchayat city in district of Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh. The Sohagpur city is divided into 15 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Sohagpur Nagar Panchayat has population of 25,040 of which 12,933 are males while 12,107 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.
Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3084 which is 12.32% of total population of Sohagpur (NP). In Sohagpur Nagar Panchayat, Female Sex Ratio is of 936 against state average of 931. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Sohagpur is around 918 compared to Madhya Pradesh state average of 918. Literacy rate of Sohagpur city is 84.54% higher than state average of 69.32%. In Sohagpur, Male literacy is around 91.06% while female literacy rate is 77.59%.
Sohagpur Nagar Panchayat has total administration over 5,291 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Nagar Panchayat limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.
Sohagpur has a PG college affiliated to Barkatullah University, Bhopal. There is also an ITI and many schools, government as well as private.
College-Jawahar Lal Nehru Smriti Mahavidyalaya, Sohagpur
Industrial Training Institute-Govt. Industrial Training Institute, Sohagpur
School-Govt. S.J.L. Higher Secondary School
Govt. Girls Higher Secondary School
St. Patrick's Higher Secondary School
Saraswati Higher Secondary School
Vivekanand Public Higher Sec. School
Gyan Sagar International School
Friends Higher Secondary School
Shri Guru Kripa Gyanarjen Vidhya Mandir
Galaxy international public school
Sohagpur is well connected by rail route as well as roadways. It has a station about 50 km from Itarsi Junction. Many trains stop here. To reach by bus or taxi, one needs to travel on state highway 22. This lies at distance of 50 km from Hoshangabad and 125 km from Bhopal.
The places of interest near Sohagpur are Madhai, a wildlife sanctuary, which is about 20 km and Pachmarhi, a well known hill station, which is about 72 km. There are many hotels in Pachmarhi which runs by private and government bodies. MP tourism hotels and 2 private resort/cottages are situated away from hooch pouch market area. Anhonee a warm water estuary, some 50 km away. There are 6 or 7 private hotels in Madhai.