Neha Patil (Editor)

Scleroderma citrinum

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Fungi
Order  Boletales
Genus  Scleroderma
Higher classification  Scleroderma
Division  Basidiomycota
Family  Sclerodermataceae
Scientific name  Scleroderma citrinum
Rank  Species
Scleroderma citrinum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons77
Similar  Scleroderma, Scleroderma verrucosum, Lycoperdon perlatum, Lycoperdon, Hypholoma fasciculare

Pest ec obecn scleroderma citrinum


Scleroderma citrinum, commonly known as the common earthball, pigskin poison puffball, or common earth ball, is the most common species of earthball in the UK and occurs widely in woods, heathland and in short grass from autumn to winter. Scleroderma citrinum has two synonyms, Scleroderma aurantium (Vaill.) and Scleroderma vulgare Horn.

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Scleroderma citrinum Scleroderma citrinum MushroomExpertCom

Earthballs are superficially similar to, and considered look-alikes of, the edible puffball, but whereas the puffball has a single opening on top through which the spores are dispersed, the earthball just breaks up to release the spores. Moreover, Scleroderma citrinum has much firmer flesh and a dark gleba (interior) much earlier in development than puffballs. Scleroderma citrinum has no stem but is attached to the soil by mycelial cords. The peridium, or outer wall, is thick and firm, usually ochre yellow externally with irregular warts.

Scleroderma citrinum Scleroderma citrinum MushroomExpertCom

The earthball may be parasitized by Pseudoboletus parasiticus.

Ingestion of Scleroderma citrinum can cause gastrointestinal distress in humans and animals, and some individuals may experience lacrimation, rhinitis and rhinorrhea, and conjunctivitis from exposure to its spores.

Scleroderma citrinum Scleroderma citrinum

The common earthball scleroderma citrinum nature insights


Scleroderma citrinum Scleroderma citrinum MushroomExpertCom
Scleroderma citrinum Scleroderma citrinum Pers 1801 Checklist View
Scleroderma citrinum Scleroderma citrinum Common Earthball fungus

References

Scleroderma citrinum Wikipedia


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