Tripti Joshi (Editor)

Romeo and Juliet (1936 film)

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
7.2
/
10
1
Votes
Alchetron
7.2
1 Ratings
100
90
80
71
60
50
40
30
20
10
Rate This

Rate This


Genre  Drama, Romance
Budget  2.066 million USD
Language  English
6.8/10 IMDb

Director  George Cukor
Initial DVD release  August 14, 2007
Duration  
Country  United States
Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) movie poster
Writer  Talbot Jennings, William Shakespeare
Release date  August 20, 1936 (1936-08-20)
Initial release  August 20, 1936 (New York City)
Cast  Norma Shearer (Juliet - Daughter to Capulet), Leslie Howard (Romeo - Son to Montague), John Barrymore (Mercutio - Kinsman to the Prince and Friend to Romeo), Edna May Oliver (Nurse to Juliet), Basil Rathbone (Tybalt - Nephew to Lady Capulet), C. Aubrey Smith (Lord Capulet)
Similar movies  The Hollow Crown: Henry IV - Part 1, The Hollow Crown: Richard II, The Hollow Crown: Henry V, The Hollow Crown: Henry IV - Part 2, An Age of Kings, The Wars of the Roses
Tagline  Scenes of combat that will stir your pulse...tender haunting romance that will stay ever fresh in your memory...spectacular beauty that will set a feast for your eyes...in the greatest melodramatic romance of all time...presented as it has never been before...the final glorious flower of motion picture achievement.

Romeo and Juliet is a 1936 American film adapted from the play by Shakespeare, directed by George Cukor from a screenplay by Talbot Jennings. The film stars Leslie Howard as Romeo and Norma Shearer as Juliet, and the supporting cast features John Barrymore, Basil Rathbone, and Andy Devine.

Contents

Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) movie scenes

The New York Times selected the film as one of the "Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made", calling it "a lavish production" that "is extremely well-produced and acted."

Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) wwwgstaticcomtvthumbmovieposters6723p6723p

Romeo and juliet trailer 2013 movie official hd


Cast

Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) George Cukors version of Romeo and Juliet1936 picked up two acting
  • Norma Shearer as Juliet
  • Leslie Howard as Romeo
  • John Barrymore as Mercutio
  • Edna May Oliver as the Nurse
  • Basil Rathbone as Tybalt
  • C. Aubrey Smith as Lord Capulet
  • Andy Devine as Peter, servant to Juliet's Nurse
  • Conway Tearle as Escalus – Prince of Verona
  • Ralph Forbes as Paris – Young Nobleman Kinsman to the Prince
  • Henry Kolker as Friar Laurence
  • Robert Warwick as Lord Montague
  • Virginia Hammond as Lady Montague
  • Reginald Denny as Benvolio – Nephew to Montague and Friend to Romeo
  • Violet Kemble-Cooper as Lady Capulet

  • Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) filmsgradedcom Romeo and Juliet 1936

    Uncredited cast includes Wallis Clark, Katherine DeMille, Fred Graham, Dorothy Granger, Ronald Howard, Lon McCallister, and Ian Wolfe.

    Development

    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) 1936 Romeo and Juliet Set Design Cinema The Red List

    Producer Irving Thalberg pushed MGM for five years to make a film of Romeo and Juliet, in spite of studio head Louis B. Mayer's resistance. Mayer believed that the mass audience considered the Bard over their heads, and also he was concerned with the studio's budget constraints during the early years of the Great Depression. It was only when Jack L. Warner announced his intention to film Max Reinhardt's A Midsummer Night's Dream at Warner Bros. that Mayer, not to be outdone, gave Thalberg the go-ahead. The success of a 1934 Broadway revival also encouraged the idea of a film version. It starred Katharine Cornell as Juliet, Basil Rathbone as Romeo, Brian Aherne as Mercutio, and Edith Evans as The Nurse. Rathbone is the only actor from the 1934 revival to appear in the film, albeit in the role of Tybalt rather than Romeo. On the stage Tybalt was played by nineteen year old Orson Welles.

    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) Romeo and Juliet 1936

    Thalberg's stated intention was "to make the production what Shakespeare would have wanted had he possessed the facilities of cinema." He went to great lengths to establish authenticity and the film's intellectual credentials: researchers were sent to Verona to take photographs for the designers; the paintings of Botticelli, Bellini, Carpaccio, and Gozzoli were studied to provide visual inspiration; and two academic advisers (John Tucker Murray of Harvard and William Strunk, Jr. of Cornell) were flown to the set, with instructions to criticise the production freely.

    Production

    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) Ricks Cafe Texan Romeo and Juliet 1936 A Review

    Thalberg had only one choice for director: George Cukor, who was known as "the women's director". Thalberg's vision was that the performance of Norma Shearer, his wife, would dominate the picture. Thalberg cast screen actors, rather than stage actors, but brought in East Coast drama coaches (such as Frances Robinson Duff who coached Shearer) to teach them. In consequence, actors previously noted for naturalism were found to give more stage-like performances. The shoot extended to six months, and the budget reached $2 million, MGM's most expensive sound film up to that time.

    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) wwwcinemagumbocom JOURNAL

    As in most Shakespeare-based screenplays, Cukor and his screenwriter Talbot Jennings cut much of the original play, using around 45% of it. Many of these cuts are common ones in the theatre, such as the second chorus and the comic scene of Peter with the musicians. Others are filmic: designed to replace words with action, or rearranging scenes in order to introduce groups of characters in longer narrative sequences. Jennings retained more of Shakespeare's poetry for the young lovers than any of his big-screen successors. Several scenes are interpolated, including three sequences featuring Friar John in Mantua. In contrast, the role of Friar Laurence (an important character in the play) is much reduced. A number of scenes are expanded as opportunities for visual spectacle, including the opening brawl (set against the backdrop of a religious procession), the wedding and Juliet's funeral. The party scene, choreographed by Agnes de Mille, includes Rosaline (an unseen character in Shakespeare's script) who rebuffs Romeo. The role of Peter is enlarged, and played by Andy Devine as a faint-hearted bully. He speaks lines which Shakespeare gave to other Capulet servants, making him the instigator of the opening brawl. The film includes two songs drawn from other plays by Shakespeare: "Come Away Death" from Twelfth Night and "Honour, Riches, Marriage, Blessing" from The Tempest.

    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) romeo and juliet 1936 Tumblr

    Clusters of images are used to define the central characters: Romeo is first sighted leaning against a ruined building in an arcadian scene, complete with a pipe-playing shepherd and his dog; the livelier Juliet is associated with Capulet's formal garden, with its decorative fish pond.

    Premiere

    On the night of the Los Angeles premiere of the film at the Carthay Circle Theatre, legendary MGM producer Irving Thalberg, husband of Norma Shearer, died at age 37. The stars in attendance were so grief-stricken that publicist Frank Whitbeck, standing in front of the theater, abandoned his usual policy of interviewing them for a radio broadcast as they entered and simply announced each one as they arrived.

    Box Office

    According to MGM records the film earned $2,075,000 worldwide but because of its high production cost lost $922,000.

    Critical Reaction

    Some critics liked the film, but on the whole, neither critics nor the public responded enthusiastically. Graham Greene wrote that he was "less than ever convinced that there is an aesthetic justification for filming Shakespeare at all... the effect of even the best scenes is to distract." "Ornate but not garish, extravagant but in perfect taste, expansive but never overwhelming, the picture reflects great credit upon its producers and upon the screen as a whole", wrote Frank Nugent in a positive review for the New York Times. "It is a dignified, sensitive and entirely admirable Shakespearean—not Hollywoodean—production." Variety called the film a "faithful" adaptation with "very beautiful" costuming, but also found it "not too imaginative" and "a long sit" at over two hours. Film Daily raved that it was a "superb and important achievement" and "one of the most important contributions to the screen since the inception of talking pictures." John Mosher of The New Yorker called it "a very definite achievement" but "somewhat cumbersome", saying, "This is a good, sensible presentation of 'Romeo and Juliet,' but it won't be one you'll hark back to when you are discussing the movies as great art, if you do ever discuss them as great art."

    Many moviegoers considered the film too "arty", staying away as they had from Warner's A Midsummer Night's Dream a year before and leading Hollywood to abandon the Bard for over a decade. The film nevertheless received four Oscar nominations and for many years was considered one of the great MGM classics. In his annual Movie and Video Guide, Leonard Maltin gives both this film version and the popular 1968 Franco Zeffirelli version (with Olivia Hussey and Leonard Whiting) an equal rating of three-and-a-half stars.

    More recently, scholar Stephen Orgel describes Cukor's film as "largely miscast ... with a preposterously mature pair of lovers in Leslie Howard and Norma Shearer, and an elderly John Barrymore as a stagey Mercutio decades out of date." Barrymore was in his fifties, and played Mercutio as a flirtatious tease. Tybalt, often portrayed as a hot-headed troublemaker, is played by Basil Rathbone as stuffy and pompous.

    Subsequent film versions would make use of "younger, less experienced but more photogenic actors" in the central roles. Cukor, interviewed in 1970, said of his film: "It's one picture that if I had to do over again, I'd know how. I'd get the garlic and the Mediterranean into it."

    Awards and honors

    In 2002, the American Film Institute nominated this film for AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions.

    References

    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) Wikipedia
    Romeo and Juliet (1936 film) IMDbRomeo and Juliet (1936 film) Rotten TomatoesRomeo and Juliet (1936 film) themoviedb.org


    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L