Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Riccardo Giacconi

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Nationality  Italy United States
Doctoral students  
Known for  Astrophysics
Doctoral advisor  
Education  University of Milan

Alma mater  University of Milan
Role  Astrophysicist
Fields  Physics
Name  Riccardo Giacconi
Riccardo Giacconi The Bruce Medalists Riccardo Giacconi
Born  October 6, 1931 (age 84) Genoa, Italy (1931-10-06)
Institutions  Johns Hopkins University Chandra X-ray Observatory
Books  Secrets of the Hoary Deep: A Personal History of Modern Astronomy
Awards  Nobel Prize in Physics, Wolf Prize in Physics

Residence  United States of America

Riccardo giacconi is co winner of nobel prize for physics


Riccardo Giacconi (born October 6, 1931) is an Italian Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist who laid the foundations of X-ray astronomy. He is currently a professor at the Johns Hopkins University.

Contents

Riccardo Giacconi A Riccardo Giacconi il Nobel per la fisica 2002 Le Scienze

Riccardo giacconi nobel laureate in physics 2002 interview 2008


Biography

Riccardo Giacconi wwwnobelprizeorgnobelprizesphysicslaureates

Born in Genoa, Italy, Giacconi received his Laurea from the University of Milan before moving to the US to pursue a career in astrophysics research. In 1956, his Fulbright Fellowship led him to go to the United States to collaborate with physics professor R. W. Thompson at Indiana University.

Since cosmic X-ray radiation is absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, space-based telescopes are needed for X-ray astronomy. Applying himself to this problem, Giacconi worked on the instrumentation for X-ray astronomy; from rocket-borne detectors in the late 1950s and early 1960s, to Uhuru, the first orbiting X-ray astronomy satellite, in the 1970s. Giacconi's pioneering research continued in 1978 with the Einstein Observatory, the first fully imaging X-ray telescope put into space, and later with the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which was launched in 1999 and is still in operation. Giacconi also applied his expertise to other fields of astronomy, becoming the first director of the Space Telescope Science Institute, the science operations center for the Hubble Space Telescope.

Giacconi was awarded a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2002 "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources". The other shares of the Prize in that year were awarded to Masatoshi Koshiba and Raymond Davis, Jr.

Giacconi has held the positions of professor of physics and astronomy (1982–1997) and research professor (since 1998) at Johns Hopkins University, and is now University Professor. During that time he also held the position of Director General of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) (1993–1999). He is currently principal investigator for the Chandra Deep Field-South project with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Honors and awards

  • Helen B. Warner Prize for Astronomy (1966)
  • Bruce Medal (1981)
  • Henry Norris Russell Lectureship (1981)
  • Heineman Prize (1981)
  • Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1982)
  • Wolf Prize in Physics (1987)
  • Nobel Prize in Physics (2002)
  • National Medal of Science (2003)
  • Asteroid 3371 Giacconi
  • References

    Riccardo Giacconi Wikipedia


    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L