Polk City is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States. The population was 1,516 at the 2000 census. As of 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 1,515. It is part of the Lakeland–Winter Haven Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Polk City was incorporated as a Town in 1925, and changed by ordinance to the City of Polk City in 2005. The city was named after the county, itself named after James Knox Polk, the eleventh president of the United States.
Polk City is located at 28°10′48″N 81°49′35″W (28.180052, -81.826318).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all land. Polk City is located within the Central Florida Highlands area of the Atlantic coastal plain with a terrain consisting of flatland interspersed with gently rolling hills.
Polk City is located in the humid subtropical zone (Köppen climate classification: Cfa).
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,516 people, 542 households, and 422 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,966.2 inhabitants per square mile (760.2/km²). There were 596 housing units at an average density of 773.0 per square mile (298.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.13% White, 1.91% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 1.78% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.11% of the population.
There were 542 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,083, and the median income for a family was $36,705. Males had a median income of $28,158 versus $20,579 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,108. About 13.6% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
There is a yearly Founder's Day festival in midtown park located at the beginning of General James A. Van Fleet State Trail.
Fantasy of Flight, an aviation-related attraction, takes visitors back to the pioneering days of early flight, World War I, World War II and beyond. The museum closed in April 2014 but is planned to reopen later in a downscaled form. Polk City Community Library is a public library that is a member of the Polk County Library Cooperative. It provides free computer use and interlibrary loan services. The library is located at 215 S. Bougainvillea Avenue.
While small in both size and population Polk City offers its residents a vast array of activities throughout the year. For children there is Tee-Ball and Little League as well as a Pee-Wee football league.
Polk City is governed by a five-person council who elect a mayor and vice mayor from their membership.
As of September 2010, a controversy has arisen over fiscal problems in the city where some citizens have organized to propose dissolution of the city polity and return to unincorporated Polk County. A petition drive seeking a special election to dissolve the city and return the area to unincorporated Polk County" is underway.Interstate 4 - Located just south of town, this freeway is a major highway in central Florida, leading westward to Lakeland and Tampa and eastward to Orlando.
SR 33 - Called Commonwealth Avenue, this road leads southward to Lakeland and northward across the Green Swamp, toward Groveland.
SR 559 - This road leads southward to I-4 and Auburndale.