Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Panyjima language

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Covid-19
Native to  Australia
ISO 639-3  pnw
Region  Pilbara region of Western Australia.
Native speakers  50 (2005) to 100 (2006 census)
Language family  Pama–Nyungan Ngayarda Banyjima
Dialects  Pantikura Mitjaranjpa ? Yinhawangka

Panyjima is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the Hamersley Range, in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. It is the traditional language of the Panyjima people. The name has also been spelled Bandjima, Banjima, Banyjima, Paanjima, Pandjima, Panjima, Panjtjima, and Panytyima. Yinhawangka may be a separate language.

Contents

Like most indigenous languages, Panyjima is endangered. Younger generations have English as a first language and make little distinction between Panyjima and its closely related neighbouring languages.

Classification

Panyjima is classified as a member of the Ngayarta branch of the Pama–Nyungan languages. Under Carl Georg von Brandenstein's 1967 classification, Martuthunira was classed as an Inland Ngayarda language, but the separation of the Ngayarda languages into Coastal and Inland groups is no longer considered valid.

Vowels

The long vowels are rare.

Accusative alignment

Unlike most Australian languages, which exhibit ergativity, Panyjima and the other Ngayarta languages have an accusative alignment. That is, the subjects of transitive verbs are treated the same as the subjects of intransitive verbs, while the objects are treated differently.

References

Panyjima language Wikipedia


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