|Type Military Award||First awarded 1916|
|Eligibility Military personnel on active service|
Status Awarded only in time of war
Established 1916, re-instituted 2000
Last awarded 1944 and disbanded in 1947
The Order of Michael the Brave (Romanian: Ordinul Mihai Viteazul) is Romania's highest military decoration, instituted by King Ferdinand I during the early stages of the Romanian Campaign of the First World War, and was again awarded in the Second World War. The Order, which may be bestowed either on an individual or on a whole unit, was named in honor of Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul), a late 16th-century Prince of Wallachia, Transylvania, and Moldavia.
DataRequirements: Awarded to officers only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield. It is the highest ranking Romanian military order. Classes: 3rd, 2nd and 1st Date Instituted: September 26, 1916 Number awarded: 2184 During WW1: 1st class: 16 2nd class: 12 3rd class: 336 (of which 43 awarded to military units) During WW2: 1st class: 15 2nd class: 76 (of which 13 awarded to military units) 3rd class: 1628 (of which 118 awarded to military units)
The First Class Insignia is referred to as a Grand Commander of the Order.
The Second Class Insignia of the Order is referred to as a Commander of the Order.
The Third Class Insignia of the Order is referred to as an Officer of the Order. This grade was widely awarded rather than the higher grades.
During the Second World War, at a time when Romania was allied with Germany, the Order was awarded to several members of the military forces of other Axis Powers, many in the Wehrmacht: