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Oostanaula River

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Covid-19
Length  79 km
Country  United States of America
Oostanaula River httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Sources  Coosawattee River, Conasauga River

The Oostanaula River (pronounced "oo-stuh-NA-luh") is a principal tributary of the Coosa River, about 49 miles (79 km) long, in northwestern Georgia in the United States. Via the Coosa and Alabama rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mobile River, which flows to the Gulf of Mexico.

Contents

Map of Oostanaula River, Georgia, USA

EtymologyEdit

Folklore explanations for its name state that Oostanaula is derived from a Cherokee language term meaning "rock that bars the way". Other similar explanations include "shoally river", and "a rock ledge across a stream".

The original version of this word, which was the name of a pre-Cherokee Muskogean-Uchean province, appeared in the memoirs of Captain René de Laundonnière, Commander of Fort Caroline (1564-1565). He did not personally visit this powerful province, in what is now Northern Georgia, but one of his officers, La Roche Ferrière did. De Laundonnière named the province, Houstaqua. This French spelling is what is shown on late 16th century and early 17th century maps of present-day Georgia. Late 17th century and early 18th century maps labeled this ethnic group either Ustanaqua or Ustanauli. Late 18th century and early 19th century maps of Georgia either spelled the word Eastanolee or similarly to its current spelling. For example, the 1810 Daniel Sturges Map of Georgia spells the word, Oos-te-nau-lah.

CourseEdit

The Oostanaula River is formed in northern Gordon County, Georgia, by the confluence of the Conasauga and Coosawattee rivers, and flows generally south-southwestwardly through Gordon and Floyd counties, past the towns of Resaca and Calhoun. It joins the Etowah River at Rome to form the Coosa River.

Variant namesEdit

According to the GNIS, the river has also been known as:

  • Estanola River
  • Estanole River
  • Oostenauleh River
  • Oostennallah River
  • Oostinawley River
  • Oustanale River
  • Oustanalee River
  • Ustanali River
  • On this 1796 map the river is labelled "Eastanallee R."

    References

    Oostanaula River Wikipedia


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