Harman Patil (Editor)

Neobatrachia

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Neobatrachia
Higher classification  Frog
Phylum  Chordata
Mass  American bullfrog: 51 g
Rank  Suborder
Neobatrachia tolweborgtreeToLimagesBufomarinus1354003200ajpg
Lifespan  Common toad: 10 – 12 years, Cane toad: 10 – 15 years
Length  Common toad: 15 cm, Cane toad: 10 – 15 cm, Golden poison frog: 5.5 cm, Natterjack toad: 6 – 7 cm, Golden toad: 5 cm
Lower classifications  True frog, Hylidae, True toad, Poison dart frog, Leptodactylidae

Neobatrachia chytrid batrachochytrium dendrobatidis causing chytridiomycosis in amphibians full


The Neobatrachia are a suborder of the Anura, the order of frogs and toads.

Contents

This suborder is the most advanced and apomorphic of the three anuran orders alive today, hence its name, which literally means "new frogs" (from the hellenic words neo, meaning "new" and batrachia, meaning "frogs"). It is also by far the largest of the three; its more than 5,000 different species make up over 96% of all living anurans.

Neobatrachia Neobatrachia

The differentiation between Archaeobatrachia, Mesobatrachia, and Neobatrachia is based primarily on anatomic differences, especially the skeletal structure, as well as several visible characteristics and behaviors.

Neobatrachia Moderne Froschlurche Neobatrachia Naturfakten

Neobatrachia chytrid batrachochytrium dendrobatidis causing chytridiomycosis in amphibians


Systematics

Neobatrachia Music Neobatrachia

Separating the Anura into the Archaeo-, Meso- and Neobatrachia is somewhat controversial; as more research is done and more knowledge is gained, it is even becoming less clear, because many characteristics used for this differentiation apply to more than one group.

Neobatrachia PERPETUAL MOTION BLUE Neobatrachia

Neobatrachia are usually sorted into five superfamilies, but this division is also controversial, as some families are placed into different superfamilies by different authors. In addition, several families have been revealed to be paraphyletic and consequently split up to make them correspond to clades and thus be natural, evolutionary groups. This has approximately doubled the number of presently recognized neobatrachian families.

List of families

The families currently accepted in the Neobatrachia by many authors are:

Neobatrachia Neobatrachia Wikipedia wolna encyklopedia
  • Amphignathodontidae – marsupial frogs (sometimes in Hemiphractidae)
  • Aromobatidae – skunk frog (sometimes in Dendrobatidae)
  • Arthroleptidae – squeakers
  • Brachycephalidae – saddleback toads
  • Bufonidae – true toads
  • Calyptocephalellidae (sometimes in Bufonidae)
  • Centrolenidae – glass frogs (including Allophrynidae)
  • Ceratophryidae
  • Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellmann & Heinicke, 2008 (formerly in Brachycephalidae)
  • Dendrobatidae – poison dart frogs
  • Eleutherodactylidae Lutz, 1954 (formerly in Brachycephalidae)
  • Heleophrynidae – ghost frogs
  • Hemiphractidae
  • Hemisotidae – shovelnose frogs
  • Hylidae – true tree frogs and relatives (including Cryptobatrachidae, Hemiphractidae)
  • Hylodidae
  • Hyperoliidae – sedge frogs, "bush frogs"
  • Leiuperidae (sometimes in Leptodactylidae)
  • Leptodactylidae – southern frogs, tropical frogs (including Cycloramphidae)
  • Mantellidae – Malagasy frogs
  • Microhylidae – narrow-mouthed frogs (including Brevicipitidae)
  • Myobatrachidae (including Limnodynastidae, Rheobatrachidae)
  • Petropedetidae
  • Pseudidae
  • Pyxicephalidae
  • Ranidae – true frogs (including Ceratobatrachidae, Dicroglossidae, Micrixalidae, Nyctibatrachidae, Petropedetidae, Phrynobatrachidae, Ptychadenidae, Pyxicephalidae)
  • Ranixalidae (sometimes in Ranidae)
  • Rhacophoridae – shrub frogs, "bush frogs", "moss frogs"
  • Rhinodermatidae – Darwin's frogs (sometimes in Cycloramphidae)
  • Sooglossidae – Seychelles frogs and purple frog (including Nasikabatrachidae)
  • Strabomantidae Hedges, Duellmann & Heinicke, 2008 (some formerly in Brachycephalidae)

  • Neobatrachia

    References

    Neobatrachia Wikipedia


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