Neha Patil (Editor)

Toad

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Kingdom  Animalia
Subphylum  Vertebrata
Phylum  Chordata
Class  Amphibia
Toad httpsnaturemdcmogovsitesdefaultfilesstyl
Order  Anura Merrem, 1820 List of Anuran families
Mass  European fire-bellied toad: 2 – 14 g
Lifespan  Common toad: 10 – 12 years, Cane toad: 10 – 15 years
Length  Common toad: 15 cm, Cane toad: 10 – 15 cm
Clutch size  Common toad: 3,000 – 6,000
Representative species  Banded bullfrog, Common toad, Panamanian golden frog, Phrynoidis aspera, Cane toad

Alaska s only toad


Toad is a common name applied to certain frogs, especially of the family Bufonidae, that are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and parotoid glands.

Contents

Toad Frog vs Toad Difference and Comparison Diffen

Giant cane toad eating


Biology

Toad BBC Nature Common toad videos news and facts

A distinction between frogs and toads is not made in scientific taxonomy, but is common in popular culture (folk taxonomy), in which toads are associated with drier skin and more terrestrial habitats than animals commonly called frogs. In scientific taxonomy, toads are found in the families Bufonidae, Bombinatoridae, Discoglossidae, Pelobatidae, Rhinophrynidae, Scaphiopodidae, and Microhylidae.

Toad Toad Page 1

Usually the largest of the bumps on the skin of a toad are those that cover the parotoid glands. The bumps are commonly called warts, but they have nothing to do with infectious warts, being fixed in size, present on healthy specimens and not caused by infection. Frogs travel from non-breeding areas to breeding areas of ponds and lakes. Bogert (1947) suggests that the call of the toads is the most important cue used by toads in the homing to ponds. Toads, like many amphibians, exhibit breeding site fidelity (philopatry). Individual Bufo americanus toads return to their natal ponds to breed where they are likely to encounter siblings as potential mates. Although inbred examples within a species is possible, siblings rarely mate. Toads recognize and actively avoid mating with close kin. Advertisement vocalizations given by males appear to serve as cues by which females recognize kin. Kin recognition thus allows avoidance of inbreeding and consequent inbreeding depression.

In human culture

Toad Toad photo WP25863

In Kenneth Grahame's 1908 novel The Wind in the Willows, Mr. Toad is a likeable and popular, if selfish and narcissistic, comic character. Mr. Toad reappears as the lead character in A. A. Milne's 1929 play Toad of Toad Hall, based on the book.

In Chinese culture, the Money Toad (or Frog) Jin Chan appears as a Feng Shui charm for prosperity.

There is no definitive collective noun for toads, and like most collective nouns, the listed proposals are fanciful; one example is a knot of toads; others include a lump, nest, or knob of toads.

References

Toad Wikipedia


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