Nanpara is located at 27.87°N 81.5°E / 27.87; 81.5. It has an average elevation of 132 metres (433 feet). It is located at 20 km from the Indo-Nepal border, and 36 km from the district Bahraich. This town has a strategic and economic importance due to the transportation of goods in Nepal and recent activities of drugs, crossing through the Nepal border. It has a municipality also. It is well connected by road transport and Railway. It is connected to Lucknow and Nepal via 4-lane NH 28C highway.
As of 2001 India census, Nanpara had a population of 48,337. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nanpara has an average literacy rate of 50%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 89%. In Nanpara, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The Nanpara Taluqdari was one of the taluqdaris (feudatory states) in British India. The title of "Raja" was conferred on the Nanpara House in 1763 by the Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula, the King of Oudh and has then recognized by British. With holding of 439 villages it was the largest Muslim taluqdars (landowners) in British India.
Nanpara was an important frontier estate, bordering Nepal territory in the Bahraich district of Oudh. Of the 439 villages, 438 were in the Bahriach district and one in the Barabanki district. It comprised an area of 468 sq miles, or about the same area of the then former German principality of Lippe. In 1914-15 The gross rental of the estate amounted to over rupees 12,00,000 and the government demanded land revenue and cesses of rupees 2,80,000. Taking a population of 350 person per sq miles [it was estimated that was the district average in the census of 1911] the estate contained a population of over 154,000.
In 1632, Rasul Khan a pathan received a commission from the Emperor to subdue the Banjaras; and obtained for his services and for the pay of his troops, the grant of Nanpara and four other villages in pargana Solonabad, in addition to one-tenth of the rent of the disturbed territory. Rasul Khan lived at Kummaria in Bundi, and both him and his son Jahan Khan, who succeeded him, are buried there. Jahan Khan's successor, Mohammad Khan, was the first to settle in Nanpara. Mohammad Khan's son and successor, Karam Khan, was so successful against the Banjaras that he gained amongst the country folk the title of Raja, which was confirmed by Nawab of Oudh Shuja-ud-Daula in 1763, and was recognised as hereditary by the then British Government of India in 1877. This was because of the fact that this area was home to the Nanpara and Utraula principalities, both of which are now situated in Bahraich and Balrampur District, which was the centre of the largest Pathan settlement outside Rohilkhand.
Nanpara is an important junction connecting key areas of the region. Its geographic location provides an international role. The India-Nepal road to the Rupadiha-Nepalganj border lies towards the north. The east-bound road connects the region with G.T Road via Sitatpur. In the south-east roads connect to the district capital Bahraich and a prominent place called Srawasti. The state capital Lucknow is about 160 km from Nanpara via Bahraich. A well-known national park in India, Dudhwa, is about 100 km from Nanpara Junction. Dudhwa is recognized as the second most populated tiger reserve in India. There is also a bird sanctuary and fauna-rich dense forests near Nanpara.
Major tourist attractions:Raza Nanpara Mosque
Raja Suheldev Mela
Raja Kothi (Nawab Saadat Ali Palace)
Kali Kunda Mandir
Shivalay Bagh Mandir
Khatu Shyam Baba Mandir
Rani Sati Mandir
Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (40 km)
Dudhwa National Park (120 km)
Kakraha Rest House (25 km)
Motipur Forest Range (16 km)
Jamunha, Nepal (18 km)
Mata Bageshwari temple (18 km in Nepal)
Duggu village (Archaeological survey of India) Recent findings indicate that Mughal coin making factory was present
Maharaja Agarasen Mela (held in Bahraich to celebrate valour and bravery of his rule)
Buddha Enlightenment Temple (65 km,situated in Shravasti)
Pattan Devi Mata Mandir (70 km,situated in Balrampur)
Sahet Mahet City (65 km,situated in Shravasti)
Daku Angulimal Cave(65 km,situated in Shravasti) Shad Mobile Shop Badla Cauraha
Risiya Ecological Park (20 km)
St. Peter Inter College (SPIC)
Dada Public School
Reaan International public School
St.Francis Xavier School
St. Michael School
K.N.P. Model Techno School
Dada Public School
J.P. Girls Inter College
Pioneer Montessori School
Janta Inter College
Saadat Inter College
Saraswati Vidya Mandir
Sri Shankar Inter College
Sundar Sishu Mandir
Vaidh Bhagwan Deen Girls Inter College
Lord Buddha P.G. College, Rupaidiha
Mithlesh Nandini Reshma Arif degree college (MNRA), Nanpara
Seemant Degree College
Unique Computer Institute,Behind Nagar Palika Nanpara link label