Neha Patil (Editor)

Morbillivirus

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Group  Group V ((−)ssRNA)
Family  Paramyxoviridae
Higher classification  Paramyxoviridae
Order  Mononegavirales
Scientific name  Morbillivirus
Rank  Genus
Morbillivirus educationexpasyorgimagesMorbilivirusvirion2jpg
Similar  Measles virus, Phocine distemper virus, Rubulavirus, Mononegavirales, Respirovirus

Measles morbillivirus paramyxovirus ssrna


Morbillivirus is a genus of viruses in the order Mononegavirales, in the family Paramyxoviridae. Humans, dogs, cats, cattle, and cetaceans serve as natural hosts. This genus currently included seven species. Diseases associated with viruses classified in this genus include: measles: fever, rash; animal: acute febrile respiratory tract infection.

Contents

10 deadliest diseases in human history


Taxonomy

Table legend: "*" denotes type species.

Structure

Morbillivirions are enveloped, with spherical geometries. The diameter is around 150 nm. Genomes are linear, around 15-16kb in length. The genome codes for 8 proteins.

Life Cycle

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by virus attaching to host cell. Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using polymerase stuttering, through co-transcriptional RNA editing is the method of transcription. Translation takes place by leaky scanning. The virus exits the host cell by budding. Human, dog, cattle, and cetacean serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are respiratory.

References

Morbillivirus Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Measles virus
Mononegavirales
Phocine distemper virus
Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L