Tripti Joshi (Editor)

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Successor  Ahmad Shah Qajar
Spouse  Malekeh Jahan (m. ?–1925)
Role  King

Name  Mohammad Shah
Religion  Shia Islam
House  Qajar dynasty
Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar iraniancomPictory2004JulyImagesahjpg
Reign  3 January 1907  – 16 July 1909
Predecessor  Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Born  21 June 1872 Amol, Persia (1872-06-21)
Father  Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Mother  Taj ul-Mulk (Umm al-Khakan)
Died  April 5, 1924, Sanremo, Italy
Children  Ahmad Shah Qajar, Mohammad Hassan Mirza, Mahmoud Mirza
Parents  Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, Tadj al-Molouk
Similar People  Ahmad Shah Qajar, Mozaffar ad‑Din Shah Qajar, Naser al‑Din Shah Qajar, Malekeh Jahan, Amir Kabir

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar (Persian: محمدعلی شاه قاجار‎‎) (21 June 1872 – 5 April 1925, Sanremo, Italy) was the sixth king of Qajar Dynasty, Shah of Persia from 8 January 1907 to 16 July 1909.

Contents

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Children of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Kadjar

Biography

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar was opposed to the constitution that was ratified during the reign of his father, Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar. In 1907 Mohammad Ali dissolved the parliament and declared the Constitution abolished because it was contrary to Islamic law. He bombarded the Majles (Persian parliament) with the military and political support of Russia and Britain.

In July 1909, pro-Constitution forces marched from Persia's provinces to Tehran led by Sardar As'ad, Sepehdar A'zam, Sattar Khan, Bagher Khan and Yeprem Khan, deposed the Shah, and re-established the constitution. On 16 July 1909, the parliament voted to place Mohammad Ali Shah's 11-year-old son, Ahmad Shah on the throne. Mohammad Ali Shah abdicated following the new Constitutional Revolution and he has since been remembered as a symbol of dictatorship.

Having fled to Odessa, Russia (present day Ukraine), Mohammad Ali plotted his return to power. In 1911 he landed at Astarabad, Persia, but his forces were defeated. Mohammad Ali Shah returned to Russia, then in 1920 to Constantinople (present day Istanbul) and later to San Remo, Italy, where he died on 5 April 1925 (bur. Shrine of Imam Husain, Karbala, Iraq). Every Shah of Persia since Mohammad Ali has died in exile.

His son and successor, Ahmad Shah Qajar was the last sovereign of the Qajar dynasty.

Honours

  • Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold of Austria-1900
  • Knight of the Order of St. Andrew of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of the White Eagle of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of Saint Stanislaus, 1st Class of Russia-1905
  • Knight of the Order of St. Anna, 1st Class of Russia-1905
  • Exalted Order of the House of Osman of Turkey-1905
  • Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour of France-1907
  • Wives

    Mohammad Ali Shah had two wives:

    1. Robabeh Khanum "Malih-os-Saltaneh"
    2. Princess Zahra Qajar "Malekeh Jahan", daughter of Kamran Mirza "Nayeb-os-Saltaneh"

    Children

    Mohammad Ali Shah had six sons and two daughters:

    Sons
    1. Hossein Ali Mirza "E'tezad Saltaneh"
    2. Gholam Hossein Mirza (died in infancy)
    3. Sultan Ahmad Mirza (later Ahmad Shah Qajar)
    4. Mohammad Hassan Mirza
    5. Sultan Mahmoud Mirza
    6. Sultan Majid Mirza
    Daughters
    1. Khadijeh Khanum "Hazrat-e Ghodsieh"
    2. Assieh Khanum

    List of Prime Ministers

  • Mirza Nasrollah Khan Moshir od-Dowleh (till 17 March 1907)
  • Mirza Ali-Asghar Khan Amin os-Soltan (1 May 1907 – 31 August 1907)
  • Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni (1st Term) (13 September 1907 – 21 December 1907)
  • Hossein Khan Nezam os-Saltaneh Mafi (21 December 1907 – 21 May 1908)
  • Morteza-Qoli Khan Hedayat Sani od-Dowleh (21 May 1908 – 7 June 1908)
  • Prince Kamran Mirza Nayeb os-Saltaneh (7 June 1908 – 29 April 1909)
  • References

    Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Wikipedia


    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L