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Mehmed V

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Sword girding  10 May 1909
Role  Sultan
Name  Mehmed V

Successor  Mehmed VI
Predecessor  Abdulhamid II
Mehmed V Mehmed V by eduartinehistorise on DeviantArt
Reign  27 April 1909 – 3 July 1918
Grand Viziers  See list Ahmed Tevfik Pasha Huseyin Hilmi Pasha Ibrahim Hakki Pasha Kucuk Mehmet Sait Pasha Veysel Pasha Kibrisli Mehmed Kamil Pasha Mahmud Shevket Pasha Said Halim Pasha Mehmed Talat
Born  2 November 1844 Topkapi Palace, Constantinople(present day Istanbul), Ottoman Empire (1844-11-02)
Spouses  Kamures Kadinefendi Durriand Kadinefendi Mihrengiz Kadinefendi Nazperver Kadinefendi Dilfirib Kadinefendi
Died  July 3, 1918, Istanbul, Turkey
Spouse  Dilfirib Kadinefendi (m. 1907), Mihrengiz Kadinefendi (m. 1887), Durruaden Kadinefendi (m. 1876)
Children  Omer Hilmi, Mehmed Ziyaeddin, Mehmed Necmeddin, Refia Sultan
Parents  Abdulmecid I, Gulcemal Kadinefendi, Servetseza Kadinefendi
Similar People  Abdul Hamid II, Mehmed VI, Abdulmecid I, Murad V, Mahmud II

Siblings  Abdul Hamid II, Mehmed VI

Sultan mehmed v


Mehmed V Reşâd (Ottoman Turkish: محمد خامس Meḥmed-i ẖâmis, Turkish: Mehmed V Reşad or Reşat Mehmet) (2 November 1844 – 3 July 1918) was the 35th and penultimate Ottoman Sultan. He was the son of Sultan Abdülmecid I. He was succeeded by his half-brother Mehmed VI. His nine-year reign was marked by the cession of the Empire's North African territories and the Dodecanese Islands, including Rhodes, in the Italo-Turkish War, the traumatic loss of almost all of the Empire's European territories west of Constantinople in the First Balkan War, and the entry of the Empire into World War I, which would ultimately lead to the end of the Ottoman Empire.

Contents

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Mehmed v reshad 35th sultan of the ottoman empire


Birth

Mehmed V Mehmed V Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

He was born at the Topkapı Palace, Constantinople. Like many other potential heirs to the throne, he was confined for 30 years in the Harems of the palace. For nine of those years he was in solitary confinement. During this time he studied poetry of the old Persian style and was an acclaimed poet. On his ninth birthday he was ceremoniously circumcised in the special Circumcision Room (Sünnet Odasi) of Topkapı Palace.

Reign

Mehmed V Mehmed V Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

His reign began on 27 April 1909, but he was largely a figurehead with no real political power, as a consequence of the Young Turk Revolution in 1908 (which restored the Ottoman Constitution and Parliament) and especially the 1913 Ottoman coup d'état, which brought the dictatorial triumvirate of the Three Pashas to power.

Mehmed V Mehmed V Wikiwand

Under his rule, the Ottoman Empire lost all its remaining territory in North Africa (Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan) to Italy in the Italo-Turkish War and nearly all its European territories (except for a small strip of land west of Constantinople) in the First Balkan War.

Mehmed V Mehmed V Reshad 1844 1918 35th Ottoman Sultan from

Mehmed V's most significant political act was to formally declare jihad against the Entente Powers (Allies of World War I) on 14 November 1914, following the Ottoman government's decision to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers. He was actually said to look with disfavor on the pro-German policy of Enver Pasha.

Mehmed V The Sulltan Mehmed V by eduartinehistorise on DeviantArt

This was the last genuine proclamation of jihad in history by a Caliph, as the Caliphate lasted until 1924. The proclamation had no noticeable effect on the war, despite the fact that many Muslims lived in Ottoman territories. The Arabs eventually joined the British forces against the Ottomans with the Arab Revolt in 1916.

Mehmed V hosted Kaiser Wilhelm II, his World War I ally, in Constantinople on 15 October 1917. He was made Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia on 27 January 1916, and of the German Empire on 1 February 1916.

Death

Mehmed V died at Yıldız Palace on 3 July 1918 at the age of 73, only four months before the end of World War I. Thus, he did not live to see the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. He spent most of his life at the Dolmabahçe Palace and Yıldız Palace in Istanbul. His grave is in the Eyüp district.

Decorations and awards

Ottoman orders

Mehmed V was Grand Master of the following Ottoman Orders:

  • Grand Master of the Order of the Crescent
  • Grand Master of the Order of Nichan Iftikhar
  • Grand Master of the Order of the Medjidie
  • Grand Master of the Order of Osmanieh
  • Foreign orders and decorations
  • Knight of the Military Order of Max Joseph (Bavaria)
  • Family

    Consorts

    Sultan Mehmed Reşad had five consorts:

  • Kamures Kadın (m. 1872 Ganja, Caucus, c. 1857 – Kuruçesme Palace, Istanbul, 30 April 1921, buried in Mehmed Reşad Mausoleum);
  • Mihrengiz Kadın (m. 1876; Adapazarı, c. 1870 – Alexandria, Egypt, 12 December 1938, buried in Ömer Tosun Pasha Mausoleum);
  • Dürrüaden Kadın (m. 1877; Kars, Caucasus, c. 1861 – Validebağı Palace, Istanbul, 17 October 1909, buried in Gülüstü Hanım Mausoleum);
  • Nazperver Kadın (m. 1888; c. 1873 – Kadınefendi Palace, Vaniköy, Istanbul, Turkey, 9 March 1929, buried in Yahya Efendi cemetery);
  • Dilfirib Kadın (m. 1907; c. 1892 – Kadınefendi Palace, Vaniköy, Istanbul, Turkey, 1952).
  • Sons

    He had three sons:

  • Şehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin (Ortaköy Palace, Istanbul, 26 August 1873 – Alexandria, Egypt, 30 January 1938, buried in Ömer Tosun Pasha Mausoleum), married five times and had two sons and six daughters;
  • Şehzade Ömer Hilmi (Veliahd Palace, Istanbul, 2 March 1888 – Alexandria, Egypt, 2 November 1935, buried in Ömer Tosun Pasha Mausoleum), married five times and had one son and one daughter;
  • Şehzade Mahmud Necmeddin (Veliahd Palace, Istanbul, 23 June 1878 – Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, 27 June 1913, buried in Mehmed Reşad Mausoleum), unmarried and without issue.
  • Daughter

    He had one daughter:

  • Refia Sultan (Veliahd Palace, Istanbul, 1888 – Veliahd Palace, Istanbul, 1888).
  • References

    Mehmed V Wikipedia


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