Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)


Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Coat of arms

Capital of
Republic of Adygea

Local time
Thursday 5:04 AM

Adyghe State University

City Day
First Saturday of June

Federal subject
Republic of Adygea

25 May 1857

144,579 (2012)

Maykop httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Administratively subordinated to
Maykop Republican Urban Okrug

4°C, Wind SW at 5 km/h, 88% Humidity

Russian tour 2015 day 8 maykop

Maykop (Russian: Майкоп; [mɐjˈkop]; Adyghe: Мыекъуапэ [məjaqʷaːpa], Məyeqwape, literally The valley of apple trees) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea in Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban). It borders Maykopsky District, from which it is administratively and municipally separate, in the east and south; Giaginsky District in the north, and Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai in the west. Population: 144,249 (2010 Census); 156,931 (2002 Census); 148,608 (1989 Census).


Map of Maykop, Adygea, Russia

Maykop panorama


The early Bronze Age Maykop culture has been named after the city after the discovery of a royal burial site there in 1897.

A Russian military fort was built at Maykop in 1857.

In 1911, oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.

In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region was merged with Adyghe Autonomous Oblast, and became the administrative center of the autonomy. Maykop was occupied by the Wehrmacht on August 9, 1942 without a fight as a result of Brandenburger commando operation. In January 1943, it was liberated by the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army.

Since 1991, Maykop has been the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.


The discovery of extensive underground oil reserves has made Maykop a major centre for oil extraction for the Soviet Union and, subsequently, Russia. Other economically important sectors are food processing and the timber industry.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eight rural localities, incorporated as Maykop Republican Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. It has the following rural localities under its jurisdiction:

  • khutor of Gaverdovsky
  • stanitsa of Khanskaya
  • khutor of Kosinov
  • settlement of Podgorny
  • settlement of Rodnikovy
  • settlement of Severny
  • khutor of Vesyoly
  • settlement of Zapadny
  • As a municipal division, Maykop Republican Urban Okrug is incorporated as Maykop Urban Okrug.

    Ethnic groups

    Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):

  • Russians (72.59%)
  • Adyghe (16.65%)
  • Armenians (2.99%)
  • Ukrainians (2.52%)
  • Other ethnic groups include Chechens, Daghestanis and Tartars. There are ethnic tensions between the Muslim Adyghe and the Russians—with the two communities described as being "sharply divided".


    Maykop is home to the Adyghe State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are also several facilities of professional education in Maykop.


    Maykop lies within the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa), according to the Köppen climate classification, or just within the humid continental climate (Dfa) zone according to the 32 °F or 0 °C demarcation used by many United States climatologists.

    February 15, 2010 saw Maykop record the absolute maximum for any winter month in Russia – 23.4 °C or 74.1 °F.


    On the south side of the city, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces which took part in the First Chechen War.

    Notable people

  • Nikita Kucherov, professional hockey player
  • References

    Maykop Wikipedia