|Coat of arms Flag|
Capital of Republic of Adygea
Local time Thursday 5:04 AM
University Adyghe State University
|City Day First Saturday of June|
Federal subject Republic of Adygea
Founded 25 May 1857
Population 144,579 (2012)
|Administratively subordinated to Maykop Republican Urban Okrug|
Weather 4°C, Wind SW at 5 km/h, 88% Humidity
Russian tour 2015 day 8 maykop
Maykop (Russian: Майкоп; [mɐjˈkop]; Adyghe: Мыекъуапэ [məjaqʷaːpa], Məyeqwape, literally The valley of apple trees) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea in Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban). It borders Maykopsky District, from which it is administratively and municipally separate, in the east and south; Giaginsky District in the north, and Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai in the west. Population: 144,249 (2010 Census); 156,931 (2002 Census); 148,608 (1989 Census).
- Russian tour 2015 day 8 maykop
- Map of Maykop, Adygea, Russia
- Maykop panorama
- Administrative and municipal status
- Ethnic groups
- Notable people
Map of Maykop, Adygea, Russia
The early Bronze Age Maykop culture has been named after the city after the discovery of a royal burial site there in 1897.
A Russian military fort was built at Maykop in 1857.
In 1911, oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.
In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region was merged with Adyghe Autonomous Oblast, and became the administrative center of the autonomy. Maykop was occupied by the Wehrmacht on August 9, 1942 without a fight as a result of Brandenburger commando operation. In January 1943, it was liberated by the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army.
Since 1991, Maykop has been the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.
The discovery of extensive underground oil reserves has made Maykop a major centre for oil extraction for the Soviet Union and, subsequently, Russia. Other economically important sectors are food processing and the timber industry.
Administrative and municipal status
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eight rural localities, incorporated as Maykop Republican Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. It has the following rural localities under its jurisdiction:
As a municipal division, Maykop Republican Urban Okrug is incorporated as Maykop Urban Okrug.
Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):
Other ethnic groups include Chechens, Daghestanis and Tartars. There are ethnic tensions between the Muslim Adyghe and the Russians—with the two communities described as being "sharply divided".
Maykop is home to the Adyghe State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are also several facilities of professional education in Maykop.
Maykop lies within the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa), according to the Köppen climate classification, or just within the humid continental climate (Dfa) zone according to the 32 °F or 0 °C demarcation used by many United States climatologists.
February 15, 2010 saw Maykop record the absolute maximum for any winter month in Russia – 23.4 °C or 74.1 °F.
On the south side of the city, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces which took part in the First Chechen War.