| United States|
4.3% (Feb 2015)
121.4 sq mi
Marana is a town in Pima County, Arizona, located northwest of Tucson, with a small portion in Pinal County. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town is 34,961. Marana was the fourth fastest-growing place among all cities and towns in Arizona of any size from 1990 to 2000.
Marana is located at 32°23?12?N 111°7?32?W (32.386539, -111.125437).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 121.4 square miles (313.6 km²), of which, 120.7 square miles (312.3 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.22%) is water.
The town extends along Interstate 10 from the line between Pinal and Pima County to the Tucson city line, except the area around the non-affluent unincorporated community of Rillito. The town has a history of farming and ranching. The Tucson Mountains and the western half of Saguaro National Park are located to the south. Phoenix is approximately 90 minutes north via Interstate 10.
Marana celebrates July 4 with its Star-Spangled Spectacular in the Arizona Pavilions section of town. More than 10,000 people turn out for the fireworks show and to eat at restaurants and stay in hotels in the area.
The Town celebrates its incorporation every year during Founders’ Day. Formerly a one-day event each March, Founders’ Day will last four days beginning in October 2011. The Oct. 27-30 event will take place in coordination with several community partners, including the Marana Unified School District, the Marana Heritage Conservancy, and Western Heritage Committee, to name a few.
Visitors can also enjoy Marana’s outstanding outdoor lifestyle, complete with nearby Saguaro National Park and the Tortolita Mountains’ acclaimed hiking trails.
By matching high-end development with outstanding recreational and cultural opportunities, Marana is becoming known as top-flight destination for employers, tourists and new residents in Southern Arizona.
Archaeologists have found about 4,200 years of continuous human settlement in the vicinity of Marana and the middle Santa Cruz Valley. Many important archaeological sites occur near Marana.Las Capas a large, early agricultural site, related to the nearby Costello-King site near Ina Road and the Interstate 10 interchange. It was occupied from 4,200 to 2,500 years ago. It is the site of the oldest known cemetery in the southwest and the oldest known canals in North America also the oldest tobacco pipes in the world.
Los Morteros a Hohokam ballcourt village ruin located on the Santa Cruz floodplain near the Point of the Mountain at the northern end of the Tucson Mountains. Los Morteros has also been identified as the probable location of the Llano del Azotado campsite used by the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition in 1775. The location is near the present day Arizona Portland Cement Plant in the Town of Marana.
Linda Vista Hill dating between 1200 and 1350 A.D., is a Trincheras culture site in the Tucson Mountains, that inhabited mountain slopes overlooking arable land along streams. The hillside site has more than 150 terraces and 75 pit-houses excavated into the terraces and a massive adobe-walled compound located on the hill summit.
Marana Mound, dating between 1150 and 1300 A.D., is the remnant of a large platform mound that was the center of the Hohokam community that lived between the Santa Cruz River and the Tortolita Mountains. The mound is surrounded by an adobe compound wall from which multiple rooms were constructed and was associated with 30-35 nearby residential compounds with multiple house features both inside and outside the compounds, wall segments, and trash mounds The whole complex covers an area of approximately one square mile.
In 1775, Juan Bautista de Anza, Captain of the Presidio of Tubac, led an expedition north along the Santa Cruz River to found the city of San Francisco. His group of about 200 included 30 soldiers and their families and a number of escorts. They brought more than 1,000 head of livestock. Their campsite was at what is now the CalPortland Cement Plant near Marana. A 15-mile (24 km) segment of the route the expedition took through Marana is designated part of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail.
Pointer Mountain Station of the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach line used from 1858, was found during the study of Los Morteros, within the limits of the nearby Puerta del Norte trailer court.
With the early establishment of mining and ranching, it was not until after World War I that Marana became primarily an agricultural center, producing cotton, wheat, barley, alfalfa and pecans.
During World War II, the rising importance of military power came quickly to Marana. The Marana Airfield (1942-’45) was the largest pilot-training center in the world, training some 10,000 flyers. Five Titan sites were later located in the area as part of a complex of ballistic missile installations built around Tucson.
In March 1977, the Town incorporated about 10 square miles (26 km2) and in August of that year, the 1,500 residents elected their first town council. In early 1979, the town began to grow through a targeted annexation policy and now measures a little more than 120 square miles (310 km2) with a population of almost 37,000.