Historically, Mancherial has been the home of the Gondi people. It was a part of the Adilabad District, which had abundant forest resources but a poor communications infrastructure; moreover, it was an area of little economic and political importance. Gonds mainly depended on farming for livelihood. After the Singareni Collieries Company coal mines was established in the region, Mancherial became industrialised. During 1970s an Industrial training institute was opened in Mancherial.
As of the 2011 census of India, Mancherial has a population of 1,69,891. Males constitute 51% of the total population and females 49%. Mancherial has an average literacy rate of 75.71%, higher than the national average: male literacy is 83.16%, and female literacy is 67.92%. In Mancherial, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The majority of people in the area practice Hinduism, followed by Islam and Christianity. Telugu is the most widely-spoken language, followed by Urdu and Hindi.Nadipelli Divakar Rao – MLA, Telangana Rashtra Samithi
There are 2 Villages in the Mancherial Mandal.
Visiting places in and around Mancherial:Pranahita Wild Life Sanctuary (at Chennur)
Kawal wild life Sanctuary (at Jannaram)
Shivvaram wild life Sanctuary ( at Jaipur- Shivvaram Village)
Godavari River ( Sammaka & Sarallama Temple)
Yellampalli Reservoir constructed on Godavari River (6 km from Mancherial)
Sai Baba temple
Govinda kshetram (Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple) at Gudipet.
Gudem (Satyanarayana Swamy, Ayyappa temples)
Gaandhari Khila, ACC
Mahankaali Jathara, ACC
Velala Shiva Ratri Jatara
ACC Quarry ( Now MCC Picnic spot)
Mancherial is well connected by road and rail from major parts of India. There is an unused airstrip at Basant Nagar Kesoram cement factory at Ramagundam which is about 25 km from Mancherial. It was used when the government of India was operating Vayudoot airlines, a subsidiary of Air India and Indian Airlines. After the closure of Vayudoot, it has not been in regular use.
Mancherial is well connected by road from major parts of India. State run TSRTC buses runs to various towns/cities like, Adilabad, Godavarikhani, Karimnagar, Jagtial, Warangal, Nizamabad, Hyderabad, Guntur, Vijayawada, Nagpur, Shirdi, Mumbai, Nanded, Aurangabad and Chandrapur. It is connected with SH1,NH63 and Nagpur highway.
National Highway 16 (Nizamabad to Jagdalpur) passes through Mancherial. Rajeev Rahadari Hyderabad-Ramagundam-Asifabad road passes through Mancherial, which is the shortest route to reach Hyderabad via Godavarikhani, Karimnagar, Siddipet.
It is a good station to have stoppage due its urban population as well as proximity to other major towns like Mandamarri (14 km), Bellampally (21 km), Ramagundam,Godavarikhani (20 km)
Mancherial is one of the A category stations of Secunderabad division.