Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Malayan civet

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Carnivora
Genus  Viverra
Higher classification  Viverra
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Viverridae
Scientific name  Viverra tangalunga
Rank  Species
Malayan civet birdingecotourscomwpcontentgalleryborneospec
Similar  Short‑tailed mongoose, Malabar large‑spotted civet, Crested servaline genet, Owston's palm civet, Mammal

Owston s palm civets shaldon zoo 2nd september 2013


The Malay civet (Viverra tangalunga), also known as the Malayan civet and Oriental civet, is a viverrid native to the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Sumatra, Bangka, Borneo, the Rhio-Lingga Archipelago, and the Philippines. It is listed as "Least Concern" by IUCN as it is a relatively widely distributed, appears to be tolerant of degraded habitats, and occurs in a number of protected areas.

Contents

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Characteristics

The Malay civet's tail is black above and ringed on the lower side.

Their upperparts are greyish with numerous black spots and about 15 black bands in the tail.

Distribution and habitat

Malayan civet The Lazy Lizard39s Tales Raffles Museum Treasures Malay civet

The historical range of the Malay civet includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines and Singapore. In Malaysia, it is found in Borneo, Banggi Island, Langkawi Island, Penang Island and in Peninsular Malaysia. It is also known from Sumatra and Sulawesi. It was introduced to the Maluku Islands. Museum records indicate that the Malay civet also occurred on the Indonesian islands of Java, Bawal and Telok Pai, and on the Philippine island Leyte. In 2012, an individual was photographed in Singapore.

Malayan civet Jas amp John39s Nature Photography

Malay civets occur in a wide variety of habitats including forests, secondary habitats, cultivated land and the outskirts of villages. They range in elevations of up to 900 m (3,000 ft) on Gunung Madalan in Sabah and 1,100 m (3,600 ft) on Usun Apau and the Kelabit Upland in Sarawak.

Ecology and behaviour

Malayan civet Malayan Civet Viverra Tangalunga Animals AZ Animals

Malay civets are solitary, omnivorous, and primarily terrestrial. Malay civets are nocturnal. They feed on invertebrates and small vertebrates.

Malayan civet Image Viverra tangalunga tangalunga Malayan Civet BioLibcz

Densities of Malay civets are higher in unlogged than in a logged forests. Fruit comprises a larger proportion of diet in unlogged forest compared to logged forest. With fruit contributing a larger percentage of the diet in unlogged forests, logging may lead to increased competition by other frugivores such as palm civets which may exploit fruit directly on trees unlike the mainly terrestrial Malay civet. Around the Malaysian Bera Lake Malay civets were found in logged forest. Arboreal, frugivorous civets are little affected by logging, whereas terrestrial, carnivorous or insectivorous species might be negatively impacted by logging.

Threats

As a ground-living species it is exposed to snaring and other forms of ground-level trapping, and hunting with dogs. The limited survey in areas heavily used by people suggests it is rather well able to persist at general levels of threat. The species is occasionally hunted for food and treated as a pest as it raids poultry.

In Borneo, the Malayan civet is negatively affected by the effects of timber harvesting.

Conservation

Viverra tangalunga is protected in Malaysia under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA) of 1972. However, in many rural areas of Peninsular Malaysia civets are considered a pest because they prey on small livestock and raid fruit orchards. Section 55 of the WPA of 1972 allows farmers to shoot any wild animal that causes damage to their property, as long as reasonable efforts have been made to frighten the animal away.

References

Malayan civet Wikipedia


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