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Maa (1952 film)

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Directed by  Bimal Roy
Music by  S. K. Pal
Production company  Bombay Talkies
Director  Bimal Roy
7.8/10 IMDb

Produced by  Bombay Talkies
Cinematography  I. Wirsching
Initial release  1952
Production company  Bombay Talkies
Starring  Bharat Bhushan Shyama Nazir Hussain Mehmood
Cast  Shyama, Bharat Bhushan, Leela Chitnis, BM Vyas, Nazir Hussain

Maa (Mother) is a 1952 Hindi social family drama directed by Bimal Roy for Bombay Talkies. Bimal Roy was asked to come to Bombay from Calcutta to direct the film for the studio, which was going through bad times. Bombay Talkies earlier favourite Leela Chitnis was cast in the eponymous role of Mother. This was the first film Roy directed in Bombay. He was to break away and form his own production company Bimal Roy Productions. The first film he produced and directed under his new banner was Do Bigha Zameen (1953), the next year.


The cinematographer was I. Wirsching. The film's music was composed by S. K. Pal with lyrics by Bharat Vyas. The film co-starred Bharat Bhushan, Shyama, Nazir Hussain, Mehmood and B. M. Vyas.

The story stated to be adapted loosely from an old Hollywood film Over The Hills, was about a "self-sacrificing son and his mother". According to B. D. Garga, the film's sentimental melodrama was handled with intelligence and finesse by Roy, which stopped it from becoming a "mushy tear-jerker".

Maa 1952 film top 6 facts


Chanderbabu (Nazir Hussain), a retired postmaster, lives in the village with his wife and two sons, Rajan (Paul Mahendra) and Bhanu (Bharat Bhushan). He continues to live there and work for the Zamindar (landowner), while his children are getting their education. Rajan is studying for his law exam. He is married to a girl (Padma) from a wealthy family whose haughty ways alarm and frighten him. Bhanu, the younger brother is fun-loving but studious. He gets influenced by the Nationalist Movement in the campus and stops his education in the last year of college. His father is disappointed and feels that Rajan is the one they can depend upon in their old age. Bhanu meets Meena (Shyama), and the two fall in love. Meera's father, Ramnarayan, is the school Principal and is impressed by Bhanu. He decides to get Meera married to Bhanu.

Rajan's law exams are nearing and he needs Rs. 300 to pay the fees. His wife refuses to get him the money. Chanderbabu tries all avenues to get the money but fails to do so. Bhanu, returning from a fair one night hears the cries of "Thief, thief". He sees his father being pursued by a crowd and immediately runs ahead of them. The crowd thinking him to be the thief, hand him over to the police. He is jailed for one year. On his return Rajan, who by now has passed his exam, refuses to let him meet their father. The father is ashamed and wants to apologise to Bhanu for suffering on his account. He is sick in bed, but when he hears of Bhanu coming to meet him he tries rushing out but dies. Bhanu leaves from there thinking his parents don't want to meet him.

The mother is now bereft and insanely roaming the streets looking for Bhanu. She's informed that Bhanu is dead, and she now lives as a maidservant in her son Rajan's house. Finally, with Meena's help Bhanu meets his mother and takes her away from Rajan's house.


  • Leela Chitnis as Bhanu and Raju's mother
  • Bharat Bhushan as Bhanu
  • Paul Mahendra as Raju
  • Shyama as Meena
  • Nazir Hussain as Chandrababu, Bhanu and Raju's father
  • Achala Sachdev
  • Kumud as Padma
  • Kusum Deshpande
  • B. M. Vyas
  • Mehmood
  • Manju
  • Kumud
  • Bhupen Kapoor
  • Soundtrack

    Music was composed by S. K. Pal with lyrics by Bharat Vyas. The singers were Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle, Afzal, Geeta Dutt, Kishore Kumar and Arun Kumar.


    1Woh Aankhe Kya AankhenManna Dey
    2Saanjh Bhi Bhanu Chupe Chaya AandhiyaraManna Dey
    3Jiyo Jiyo Mere Laal - Teri Tedhi Tedhi ChaalKishore Kumar - Manna Dey - Arun Kumar


    Maa (1952 film) Wikipedia

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