Lohardaga is located at 23.43°N 84.68°E / 23.43; 84.68. It has an average elevation of 647 metres (2122 feet).
As of 2001 India census, Lohardaga had a population of 46,204. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Lohardaga has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 66%. In Lohardaga, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The Deputy Commissioner is the head of the district administration and is ex officio chairman of various societies, agencies that are involved in the development of the district. Various societies and the Governmental agencies which are in the direct control of the Deputy Commissioner are DRDA, MESO, Central Sponsored Social Sector Schemes, Welfare Schemes, Total Literacy Mission and Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and Various Societies constituted for Health Services. Among NGOs PRADAN and LGSS are active in the District. PRADAN works with over 8,000 families around issus of micro-irrigation, decentralised poultry, dairy, commercial agriculture, etc. and has been active in this district since 1992
No Panchayat elections have been held in the State after 72/73rd amendments in the Constitution of India. Therefore, as per the direction of the Government, Deputy Commissioner is ex officio Chairman of District Rural Development Agency which plans, implements, supervises and monitors various Central Sponsored and State Sponsored Schemes. The DDC is ex officio Managing Director of DRDA as well as Chief Executive Officer. There are five blocks in the district. On the block level BDOs are involved in developmental works of the respective blocks. Under the BDOs, there are Panchayatsewak and Jansewaks at the panchayat level.
Besides the agencies which have been described above, there are various line departments which also plan, implement, supervise and monitor the schemes as per the instructions of their department. They are Agriculture, Soil Conservation, Forest, Welfare, Fisheries, Education, P.H.E.D., R.E.O., P.W.D.(Road), Minor Irrigation, Co-operative, Electricity, Telecommunication, Industries and Mining. Also there is a Meso office to implement various developmental schemes for the tribals. All these line departments though work under their respective controlling officer of the department, they are indirectly under control of the District Administration. Almost every line departments has a divisional office at the district level. There is also a 20-Point programme implementation committee at the district level under the Chairmanship of Minister of the State Government, who is appointed by the State Government. Deputy Commissioner is ex officio secretary of the committee. This committee supervises, monitors, the implementation of the schemes of the line department.
Lohardaga has been a land of intellectuals and great leaders. It has produced freedom fighters, thinkers, intellectuals, businessmen, teachers, and visionaries. Some of the eminent personalities include politician and businessman Shiv Prasad Sahu, Sri Lalit Oraon, teacher and mathematician Anamol Kumar Lal, Shashank Burman, freedom fighter Harikrishna, ex MLC, ex VC Ranchi University. The people of Lohardaga have always contributed to the intellectual, social and economic state of Jharkhand. Especially the work done by Shri Sitaram Sharma in the area of public service is exemplary. Vijay Kumar Prasad Academic director of commerce tutorials lohardaga is a good economist.
Lohardaga is the birthplace of 1857 Mutiny Heroes such as Pandey Ganpat Roy, who fought against the British under the leadership of Thakur Vishwanath Shahdeo, the rebel landlord of Jagannathpore, Ranchi. Babu Kunwar Singh visited Lohardaga frequently to his sister's in-laws and encouraged local freedom fighters, including his brother in law Thakur Jagannath Shahdeo, a prominent freedom fighter, martyred in 1858 fighting against the British in Kakrang Valley in Lohardaga. It has been the workplace of Tana Bhagat's freedom movement, inspired by Gandhism.
Some renowned schools of Lohardaga includeSt. Mark's School, Senha
Gandhi Memorial +2 High School, Maradih, Kuru
Saraswati Shishu Mandir
Commerce Tutorials, Lohardaga
Saraswati Vidya Mandir
M.B. DAV Public School
White Hat Elementary School
Nadia Hindu Ucch Vidyalaya
Moons Multitasking (Computer Shop)
Sen's Triveni Public School
Greater Triveni Public school
Triveni Tiny Task
Triveni Girls Convent
Chunni Lal High School
Divine Spark Public School
Evergreen Children Public School, Manho, Lohardaga
Maa Saraswati Industrial Training Institute (ITI), Jaynathpur, Lohardaga
Polymath Somar Bazar, Lohardaga
Chunni Lal High School is one of the first high schools opened in Lohardaga with its first visionary principal being the late Shri Haicharan Sahu. Saraswati Shishu and Vidya Mandir are the best two schools in the town in every aspect such as education and discipline. Since its induction is the city, it has been coming to nurture its student careers. Many students from Saraswati Vidya Mandir are now doctors, engineers, veterans, and civil services. DAV Public School and Sen's Triveni Public School are the two good schools in Lohardaga. DAV Public School and Sen's Triveni Public School are English-medium schools.
Lohardaga has two colleges, B.S. College and Women's College. M.L.A. Women's College has been imparting education to the girls of this tribal dominated backward district since 1981, but they still await the government's favour and facilities. B.S College offers higher educations in science, arts, and commerce stream but fails to perform up to the marks in all the three faculties. Dr. Mukul Rani Singh, one of the eminent educationists in Jharkhand, was amongst the first few ladies to come to Lohardaga in the early 1960s. She served with B.S. College as Head of Department till the mid 1990s. Her stay in Lohardaga made a significant impact on the psyche of the locals and promoted female education in the region. Dr. Mukul Rani Singh died of cancer in 1994. That's why most of the students of Lohardaga who are keen to pursue higher studies move to Ranchi, the state capital, which houses a number of good schools and colleges offering higher education.
MoonS Multitasking is one of the well known computer education institute where high quality computer education is provided among the students coming from every section of society in very easily affordable fee. The teachers are well qualified holding degrees such as MCA, BCA, MBA etc. It has benefitted lots of students with good computer skill thus aiding development of Lohardaga.
Maa Saraswati I.T.I. is first technical approved college by the government of India, which is providing basic technical knowledge to the youths of Lohardaga and trying to make them skillful, so that they can get employment. The institution is being run by a charitable trust in the memory of prominent social worker Saraswati Devi.
The nearest airport is at the state capital Ranchi, 70 km away. Lohardaga is connected to the state capital, Ranchi, by road and rail. Lohardaga Station is the Railway station serving the city of Lohardaga. The 68 km railway track was converted from metre gauge to broad gauge in 2005. The track is planned to be extended 44 km more to connect with Tori railway station in Chandwa district. This would reduce the railway distance between Ranchi and Delhi and the railway travel time by three hours. However the construction of a tunnel under the hill between Lohardaga and Tori has not been completed even in a decade. The track has been laid only for 14 km from Lohardaga to Barkichampi and laying of the track on the remaining 30 km running through dense forests has been delayed by Maoist terrorism.
Lohardaga, being a very small and unnoticed district, faces a plethora of problems that are an impediment to the progress of this district.
The biggest problem that Lohardaga faces is the lack of quality education. With a few private schools imparting satisfactory education, most of the government schools lack even a decent infrastructure, let alone the quality of teachers. The government schools face many other problems like unavailability of good faculty and irregularities on the part of teachers, lack of good facilities (e.g. good labs and libraries), and lack of competitiveness among schools.
The second prominent problem that Lohardaga faces is that of an extremely poor electrical supply. The main reason behind this is the lack of government attention towards Lohardaga's development. Lack of proper electricity supplies also weakens Lohardaga's economic scenario.
The third major problem is lack of pure and quality drinking water. This is the main cause of lots of water borne diseases.
The fourth major challenge that Lohardaga faces is of lack of opportunities. This has created a massive unemployment in and around the district headquarters and has given rise to problems such as Naxalism and excessive politicism. The roads are severely damaged at Manho village, and it causes lots of problems in transportation even though it is the nearest village to the town. Unfortunately, the administration has no time to pay attention towards the village situation.
People in Lohardaga still struggle for some of the basic human necessities, whether it be electricity, road, education, sanitation, waste disposal system, or health care setups. Government changes but not their intent, and the sufferers are only the commoners who vote them, eventually ending up giving power into the wrong hands.
Corruption remains bottleneck for most of the problems in Lohardaga.