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Lennox Berkeley

Name  Lennox Berkeley

Role  Composer
Lennox Berkeley wwwmusicwebinternationalcomclassrev2003May03
Died  December 26, 1989, London, United Kingdom
Parents  Hastings George Fitzhardinge Berkeley
Children  Michael Berkeley, Nick Berkeley
Education  Merton College, Oxford, Dragon School, Gresham's School
Compositions  Variations on an Elizabethan Theme, Variations on an Elizabethan Theme, Nelson, Nelson, Sonatina for Flute and Piano: III Allegro moderato, Sonatina for Flute and Piano: III Allegro moderato, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: I Vivace, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: I Vivace, Sonatina: III Rondo, Sonatina: III Rondo, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 10: Moderato, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 10: Moderato, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 9: Allegro vivo, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 9: Allegro vivo, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: II Lento, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: II Lento, 3 Mazurkas - op 32 no 1: No 1 Allegro, 3 Mazurkas - op 32 no 1: No 1 Allegro, Guitar Concerto - op 88: III Allegro con brio, Guitar Concerto - op 88: III Allegro con brio, Sonatina: I Allegretto, Sonatina: I Allegretto, Sonatina for Flute and Piano: I Moderato, Sonatina for Flute and Piano: I Moderato, 3 Mazurkas - op 32 no 1: No 3 Allegro, 3 Mazurkas - op 32 no 1: No 3 Allegro, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: III Allegro moderato, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: III Allegro moderato, I Sing of a Maiden, I Sing of a Maiden, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 5: Andante, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 5: Andante, 3 Mazurkas - op 32 no 1: No 2 Allegretto, 3 Mazurkas - op 32 no 1: No 2 Allegretto, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 7: Adagio, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 7: Adagio, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: II Andantino, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: II Andantino, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 2: Allegretto, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 2: Allegretto, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 1: Allegro vivace, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 1: Allegro vivace, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 3: Lento, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 3: Lento, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 6: Moderato, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 6: Moderato, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: I Allegro, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: I Allegro, Guitar Concerto - op 88: II Lento, Guitar Concerto - op 88: II Lento, Guitar Concerto - op 88: I Andantino, Guitar Concerto - op 88: I Andantino, Sonatina: II Lento, Sonatina: II Lento, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 4: Vivace, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 4: Vivace, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Tema: Moderato, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Tema: Moderato, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: IV Lento, Serenade for String Orchestra - op 12: IV Lento, Sonatina for Flute and Piano: II Adagio, Sonatina for Flute and Piano: II Adagio, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 8: Moderato, Trio for Violin - Horn and Piano - op 44: III Tema con variazioni Var 8: Moderato
Similar People  Michael Berkeley, Malcolm Arnold, William Walton, Peter Dickinson, Craig Ogden

Lennox berkeley guitar concert part 1 andantino


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Sir Lennox Randal Francis Berkeley (12 May 1903 – 26 December 1989) was an English composer.

Lennox Berkeley httpsmedia1britannicacomebmedia456445004

Lennox berkeley guitar concert part 3 allegro con brio


Biography

He was born in Oxford, England, and educated at the Dragon School, Gresham's School and Merton College, Oxford. His father was Hastings George Fitzhardinge Berkeley, a captain in the Royal Navy and illegitimate son of George Lennox Rawdon Berkeley, 7th Earl of Berkeley (1827–1888).

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In 1927, he went to Paris to study music with Nadia Boulanger, and there he became acquainted with Francis Poulenc, Igor Stravinsky, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger and Albert Roussel. Berkeley also studied with Maurice Ravel, often cited as a key influence in Berkeley's technical development as a composer.

In 1936 he met Benjamin Britten, another old boy of Gresham's School, at the ISCM Festival in Barcelona. Berkeley fell in love with Britten, who appears to have been wary of entering a relationship, writing in his diary, "we have come to an agreement on that subject." Nevertheless, the two composers shared a house for a year, living in the Old Mill at Snape, Suffolk, which Britten had acquired in July 1937. They subsequently enjoyed a long friendship and artistic association, collaborating on a number of works; these included the suite of Catalan dances titled Mont Juic, and Variations on an Elizabethan Theme (the latter also with four other composers).

He worked for the BBC during the Second World War, where he met his future wife, Freda Bernstein, whom he married in 1946. Lady Berkeley died in 2016.

He wrote several piano works for the pianist Colin Horsley, who commissioned the Horn Trio and some piano pieces, and gave the first performances and/or made the premier recordings of a number of his works, including his third Piano Concerto (1958).

He was Professor of Composition in the Royal Academy of Music from 1946 to 1968 and his pupils included Richard Rodney Bennett, David Bedford, Clive Strutt and John Tavener. 1954 saw the premiere of his first opera, Nelson, at Sadler's Wells. He was knighted in 1974 and from 1977–83 was President of the Cheltenham Festival.

His eldest son, Michael Berkeley, Baron Berkeley of Knighton, is also a composer. His youngest son is the photographer Nick Berkeley.

He resided at 8 Warwick Avenue, London, from 1947 until his death in 1989.

Honours

  • 1983 : Member of the Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium.
  • Musical style

    Berkeley's earlier music is broadly tonal, influenced by the neoclassical music of Stravinsky. Berkeley's contact and friendship with composers such as Ravel and Poulenc and his studies in Paris with Boulanger lend his music a 'French' quality, demonstrated by its "emphasis on melody, the lucid textures and a conciseness of expression". He maintained a negative view of atonal music at least up until 1948, when he wrote:

    I have never been able to derive much satisfaction from atonal music. The absence of key makes modulation an impossibility, and this, to my mind, causes monotony [...] I am not, of course, in favour of rigidly adhering to the old key-system, but some sort of tonal centre seems to me a necessity.

    However, from the mid-1950s, Berkeley apparently felt a need to revise his style of composition, later telling the Canadian composer, R. Murray Schafer that "it's natural for a composer to feel a need to enlarge his idiom." He started including tone rows and aspects of serial technique in his compositions around the time of the Concertino, op. 49 (1955) and the opera Ruth (1955-6). His shift in opinion was demonstrated in an interview with The Times in 1959:

    I'm not opposed to serial music; I've benefited from studying it, and I have sometimes found myself writing serial themes - although I don't elaborate on them according to strict serial principles, because I'm quite definitely a tonal composer. And there are some exceptions to the gospel of intellectualisation - I enjoyed listening to the record of Boulez's Le marteau sans maître very much, because there the timbres of the music were attractive in themselves.

    Works

    (selected list)

    Opera

  • Nelson, (1951)
  • A Dinner Engagement, Op. 45 (1954)
  • Ruth, Op. 50 (1955–6)
  • Castaway, Op. 68 (1967)
  • Faldon Park, (1979–85). Incomplete.
  • Orchestral

  • Mont Juic, suite of Catalan dances, Op. 9 (written jointly with Benjamin Britten)
  • Serenade, for string orchestra (1938–9)
  • Symphony No. 1 (1936–40)
  • Divertimento (1943)
  • Piano Concerto in B-flat major, Op. 29 (1947–8)
  • Concerto for Two Pianos and Orchestra, Op. 30 (1948)
  • Symphony No. 2 (1958, revised 1976)
  • Symphony No. 3, in one movement (1968–9)
  • Sinfonia Concertante, for oboe and chamber orchestra (1972–3)
  • Voices of the Night, Op. 86 (1973)
  • Guitar Concerto, Op. 88
  • Symphony No. 4 (1977–8)
  • Choral

  • A Festival Anthem, Op. 21, No. 2 (1945)
  • Crux fidelis, Op. 43, No. 1 (1955)
  • Look up, sweet babe, Op. 43, No. 2 (1955)
  • Missa Brevis, Op. 57 (1960)
  • Mass for five voices, Op. 64 (1964)
  • Three Latin Motets, Op. 83, No. 1 (1972)
  • The Lord is my shepherd, Op. 91, No. 1 (1975)
  • Magnificat and Nunc dimittis, Op. 99 (1980)
  • Solo vocal

  • Four Poems of St Teresa of Ávila, Op. 27, for contralto and string orchestra (1947)
  • Three Greek Songs, Op. 38 (1953)
  • Five Poems by W. H. Auden, Op. 53
  • Chamber

  • String Quartet No. 1, Op. 6 (1935)
  • String Quartet No. 2, Op. 15 (1941)
  • String Trio, Op. 19 (1943)
  • Sonata in D minor for viola and piano, Op. 22 (1945)
  • Introduction and Allegro, for solo violin (1949) (edited by Ivry Gitlis)
  • Trio for horn, violin and piano, Op. 44 (1952)
  • Sextet for clarinet, horn and string quartet, Op. 47 (1954)
  • String Quartet No. 3, Op. 76 (1970)
  • Introduction and Allegro, for double bass and piano (1972) (for Rodney Slatford)
  • Duo for cello and piano
  • Sonata Op. 97 for flute and piano
  • Sonatina Op. 13 for recorder and piano
  • Piano

  • Three Pieces, Op. 2 (1935)
  • Piano Sonata in A major, Op. 20 (1941–5)
  • Six Preludes, Op. 23 (1945)
  • Three Mazurkas, Op. 31 No. 1 (1939–49)
  • Guitar

  • Quatre pièces pour la guitare (1928)
  • Sonatina, Op. 52, No. 1 (1957)
  • Theme and Variations, Op. 77 (1970)
  • Clarinet

  • Three Pieces for Clarinet, (1939)
  • Flute

  • Sonatina for Flute or Treble Recorder and Piano (1940)
  • Violin

  • Theme and Variations (1950)
  • Selected recordings

  • A Dinner Engagement – Chandos CHAN10219
  • Missa Brevis – Naxos 8.557277
  • Serenade for Strings – Chandos CHAN 9981
  • Chamber Works for Wind, Strings & Piano - Regis RRC1380
  • References

    Lennox Berkeley Wikipedia


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