Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Lamnidae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Lamniformes
Higher classification  Lamniformes
Phylum  Chordata
Scientific name  Lamnidae
Rank  Family
Lamnidae fishesofaustralianetauImagesImageIsurusOxyrin
Speed  Great white shark: 40 km/h
Length  Great white shark: 4.5 – 6.4 m
Mass  Great white shark: 680 – 1,100 kg, Shortfin mako shark: 280 kg
Lower classifications  Great white shark, Shortfin mako shark, Isurus, Megalodon, Porbeagle

The Lamnidae are the family of mackerel or white sharks. They are large, fast-swimming sharks, found in oceans worldwide. The name of the family is formed from the Greek word, lamna, which means fish of prey, and was derived from the Greek legendary creature, the Lamia.

Contents

Lamnidae Lamnidae sharks

These sharks have pointed snouts, spindle-shaped bodies, and large gill openings. The first dorsal fin is large, high, stiff, and angular or somewhat rounded. The second dorsal and anal fins are minute. The caudal peduncle has a couple of less distinct keels. The teeth are gigantic. The fifth gill opening is in front of the pectoral fin and spiracles are sometimes absent. They are heavily built sharks, sometimes weighing nearly twice as much as sharks of comparable length from other families. Many sharks in the family are among the fastest-swimming fish, although the massive great white shark is slower due to its great size.

Lamnidae Lamnidae

Tiger shark


Genera and species

The family contains five living species in three genera and these selected extinct genera and species:

Lamnidae Lamnidae
  • Genus † Carchariolamna Hora, 1939
  • Carchariolamna heroni Hora, 1939(large)
  • Genus Carcharodon Smith, 1838
  • Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (great white shark)
  • Carcharodon megalodon Agassiz, 1843 (megatooth shark) (disputed, might be from the family Otodontidae)
  • Carcharodon caifassii Lawley, 1876
  • Carcharodon hubbelli Ehret, Macfadden, Jones, Devries, Foster & Salas-Gismondi, 2012
  • Genus †Corax Agassiz 1843
  • Genus † Cosmopolitodus Glikman, 1964
  • Cosmopolitodus escheri Agassiz, 1843
  • Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz, 1843 (broad-toothed mako)
  • Genus Isurus Rafinesque, 1810
  • Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 (shortfin mako)
  • Isurus paucus Guitart-Manday, 1966 (longfin mako)
  • Isurus desori Agassiz, 1843
  • Isurus flandricus Leriche, 1910
  • Isurus minutus Agassiz, 1843
  • Isurus nakaminatoensis Saito, 1961
  • Isurus planus Agassiz, 1856
  • Isurus praecursor Leriche, 1905
  • Isurus rameshi Mehrotra, Mishra & Srivastava, 1973
  • Genus † Isurolamna Cappetta, 1976
  • Isurolamna affinis Casier, 1946
  • Isurolamna bajarunasi Glikman & Zhelezko, 1985
  • Isurolamna gracilis Le Hon, 1871
  • Isurolamna inflata Leriche, 1905
  • Genus † Karaisurus Kozlov in Zhelezko & Kozlov, 1999
  • Karaisurus demidkini Kozlov in Zhelezko & Kozlov, 1999
  • Genus † Lamiostoma Glikman, 1964
  • Lamiostoma belyaevi Glikman, 1964
  • Lamiostoma stolarovi Glikman & Zhelezko in Zhelezko & Kozlov, 1999
  • Genus Lamna Cuvier, 1816
  • Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 (salmon shark)
  • Lamna nasus Bonnaterre, 1788 (porbeagle)
  • Lamna attenuata Davis, 1888
  • Lamna carinata Davis, 1888
  • Lamna hectori Davis, 1888
  • Lamna marginalis Davis, 1888
  • Lamna quinquelateralis Cragin, 1894
  • Lamna trigeri Coquand, 1860
  • Lamna trigonata Agassiz, 1843
  • Genus † Lethenia Leriche, 1910
  • Lethenia vandenbroecki Winkler, 1880
  • Genus † Macrorhizodus Glikman, 1964
  • Macrorhizodus americanus Leriche, 1942
  • Macrorhizodus nolfi Zhelezko, 1999

  • Lamnidae LAMNIDAE

    References

    Lamnidae Wikipedia


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