Harman Patil (Editor)


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Highest elevation
1,791 m (5,876 ft)

Largest settlement
1,791 m

Mount Kujū

Area rank

Highest point
Mount Kujū

36,753 km²

Island group
Largest city

Points of interest
Kumamoto Castle, Huis Ten Bosch, Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Mu, Mount Aso, Ōhori Park

Fukuoka, Nagasaki, Kagoshima, Beppu, Miyazaki

One day in kyushu eng hq 1920x1080

Kyushu (九州, Kyūshū, lit. "Nine Provinces") ([kjɯᵝːꜜɕɯᵝ]) is the third biggest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. Its alternative ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国?, "Nine States"), Chinzei (鎮西?, "West of the Pacified Area"), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島?, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaidō (西海道, lit. West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.


Map of Kyushu, Japan

In the 8th century Taihō Code reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region.

As of 2016, Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).

Japan trip miyazaki kyushu island japan


The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits.

The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma.

Today's Kyushu Region (九州地方, Kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:

  • Northern Kyushu
  • Fukuoka Prefecture
  • Kumamoto Prefecture
  • Nagasaki Prefecture
  • Ōita Prefecture
  • Saga Prefecture
  • Southern Kyushu
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
  • Okinawa Prefecture
  • Demography

    Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Excepting Oita and Miyazaki cities, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population.

    Designated cities
  • Fukuoka (population: 1,460,000)
  • Kitakyushu (population: 977,000)
  • Kumamoto (population: 730,000)
  • Core cities
  • Kagoshima
  • Ōita
  • Nagasaki
  • Miyazaki
  • Naha
  • Kurume
  • Economy and environment

    Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing.

    In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%.

    Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.


    Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:

  • National universities
  • Kyushu University - One of seven former "Imperial Universities"
  • Kyushu Institute of Technology
  • Saga University
  • Nagasaki University
  • Kumamoto University
  • Fukuoka University of Education
  • Oita University
  • Miyazaki University
  • Kagoshima University
  • National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya
  • University of the Ryukyus
  • Universities run by local governments
  • University of Kitakyushu
  • Kyushu Dental College
  • Fukuoka Women's University
  • Fukuoka Prefectural University
  • Nagasaki Prefectural University
  • Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences
  • Prefectural University of Kumamoto
  • Miyazaki Municipal University
  • Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University
  • Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts
  • Major private universities
  • Fukuoka University - University with the largest number of students in Kyushu
  • Kumamoto Gakuen University
  • Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University
  • Seinan Gakuin University
  • Kyushu Sangyo University - Baseball team won the Japanese National Championship in 2005
  • University of Occupational and Environmental Health
  • Kurume University
  • Transportation

    The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu by the Kanmon Tunnels, which carry both the Sanyō Shinkansen and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu Railway Company, as well as vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The Kanmon Bridge also connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway.


    Kyushu Wikipedia