Kittur also known as (Kitturu) is a village in Belgaum District in South Indian state of Karnataka. It was a part of Bailahongal taluk in Belgaum Dist. It was declared as an independent taluk on 23.10.2012 by Chief Minister of Karnataka on the inaugural of Kittur Utsav and it is 177th Taluk of Karnataka State. It is a place of historical importance because of the resistance of Rani Chennamma of the State of Kittur (1778–1829) against the British East India Company, during which a British Commissioner, St John Thackeray was killed.
On the outskirts of the town lies the ruins of the palace within a fort. The palace was the residence of the Rani Chennamma.
In connection with a disputed succession to this chiefship in 1824, St John Thackeray, Commissioner of Dharwad, was killed in a battle when approaching the Kittur fort. Later another unit stormed Kittur and captured Queen Chennamma, who was imprisoned in Bailhongal Jail where she died. Rani Chennamma became a legend.
The town is also the setting for the 2008 novel Between the Assassinations by Aravind Adiga. However, it is described in the novel wrongly as a coastal village.(which would put it in Uttara Kannada rather than Belgaum)