4 m (13 ft)
Sunday 1:45 AM
| 300th largest in Finland|
-9°C, Wind SW at 21 km/h, 93% Humidity
Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences
Palloseura Kemi Kings, Merilappi United
Kemijoki, Bothnian Bay National, Kemin Jalokivigalleria, Kemi Church
Kemi (Northern Sami: Giepma) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located very near the city of Tornio. It was founded in 1869 by decree of Russian Emperor Alexander II because of its proximity to a deep water harbour.
Kemi is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Kemijoki, and it is part of Lapland region. The town has a population of 21,766 (31 March 2016) and covers an area of 95.38 square kilometres (36.83 sq mi) of which 652.1 km2 (251.8 sq mi) is water. The population density is 228.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (591/sq mi).
The main economic activity in Kemi is centred on two large paper and woodpulp mills and on the only chromium mine in Europe (which supplies the Outokumpu ferrochrome plant in Tornio). A polytechnic university of applied sciences is also situated in Kemi.
Kemi also has a claim to fame as the home of the world's largest snow castle (reconstructed every year to a different design). The snowcastle is usually located at the inner harbour of Kemi.
A model of The Crown of Finland (the original was never made for the King of Finland) is kept in the town's gemstone gallery. It also houses replicas of the Imperial State Crown of Great Britain, the Sceptre of the Czar of Russia, the Orbs of Denmark and the diamond necklace of Marie Antoinette, among other items.
Kemi is also the hometown of the power metal band Sonata Arctica.
During World War II, after Finland signed the Moscow Armistice and found itself involved in the Lapland War with its former German ally, German forces in the beginning of October 1944 captured 132 Finnish civilian hostages from Kemi (as well as 130 from Rovaniemi) and threatened to kill them unless the Finnish army released German POWs captured at the Battle of Tornio. However, the Finns refused to comply and threatened to retaliate by killing the German POWs. The hostages were released unharmed on October 11, 1944, near Rovaniemi.Kemi church
The SnowCastle of Kemi
Kemi Gemstone Gallery
The sailship Jähti
Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Kemi:Left Alliance 28.0%
True Finns 21.8%
Social Democratic Party 18.9%
Centre Party 14.1%
National Coalition Party 10.7%
Green League 3.3%
Christian Democrats 1.5%
Other parties 1.7%
In April 2007, the city of Kemi laid off all of its municipal workers for 2 weeks due to the failing economy of the city. Spiraling specialist health care costs and a fleeting industry tax base are stated as the cause for the vote. These are the most drastic temporary dismissals to take place in Finland since 2000.
Kemi railway station is an intermediate station on the railway between Lapland and Helsinki. It is operated by VR. The junction of the Kolari and Rovaniemi lines lies to the north of Kemi station.
Finnish national road 4 and European routes E8 and E75 run through the town.
Kemi-Tornio Airport is located 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) north of Kemi city centre.
Kemi is twinned with: Tromsø (Norway), since 1940
Volgograd (Russia), since 1953
Liptovský Mikuláš (Slovakia)
Newtownards (United Kingdom)
Juhani Paasivirta (1919 – 1993), historian
Ensio Seppänen (1924 – 2008) sculptor, professor