Sneha Girap

Kalimpong

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Languages spoken  Nepali, Tibetan, Bhutia, Sherpa, Lepcha, Kiranti
Area  1,056.5 km2
State  West Bengal
District  Darjeeling
Colleges and Universities  Kalimpong College, Cluny Womens College

Kalimpong (Nepali: ???????) is a hill station in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located at an average elevation of 1,250 metres (4,101 ft). The town is the headquarters of the Kalimpong subdivision, a part of the district of Darjeeling. The Indian Armys 27 Mountain Division is located in the outskirts of the town.

Contents

Map of Kalimpong

Kalimpong is known for its educational institutions, many of which were established during the British colonial period. It used to be a gateway in the trade between Tibet and India before Chinas annexation of Tibet and the Sino-Indian War. Kalimpong and neighbouring Darjeeling were major centres calling for a separate Gorkhaland state in the 1980s, and more recently in 2010.

Kalimpong delo holls dr grams house a place to must visit


Kalimpong, on a ridge overlooking the Teesta River, is a tourist destination owing to its temperate climate, magnificent Himalayan beauty and proximity to popular tourist locations in the region. Horticulture is important to Kalimpong: It has a flower market notable for its wide array of orchids; nurseries, which export Himalayan grown flower bulbs, tubers and rhizomes, contribute to the economy of Kalimpong. Home to ethnic Nepalis, indigenous Lepchas, other ethnic groups and non-native migrants from other parts of India, the town is a religious centre of Buddhism. The Buddhist monastery Zang Dhok Palri Phodang holds a number of rare Tibetan Buddhist scriptures.

Kalimpong an overview a place to must visit


The Kalimpong Science Centre, established under the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) in 2008 is a recent addition to its many tourist attractions. The Science Centre, which provides for scientific awareness among the students of the town and the locals sits atop the Deolo Hill.

History

Kalimpong in the past, History of Kalimpong

Until the mid-19th century, the area around Kalimpong was ruled in succession by the Sikkimese and Bhutanese kingdoms. Under Sikkimese rule, the area was known as Dalingkot. In 1706, the king of Bhutan won this territory from the Sikkimese monarch and renamed it Kalimpong. Overlooking the Teesta Valley, Kalimpong is believed to have once been the forward position of the Bhutanese in the 18th century. The area was sparsely populated by the indigenous Lepcha community and migrant Bhutia and Limbu tribes. Later in 1780, the Gurkhas invaded and conquered Kalimpong. After the Anglo-Bhutan War in 1864, the Treaty of Sinchula (1865) was signed, in which Bhutanese held territory east of the Teesta River was ceded to the British East India Company. At that time, Kalimpong was a hamlet, with only two or three families known to reside there. The first recorded mention of the town was a fleeting reference made that year by Ashley Eden, a government official with the Bengal Civil Service. Kalimpong was added to district of Darjeeling in 1866. In 1866–1867 an Anglo-Bhutanese commission demarcated the common boundaries between the two, thereby giving shape to the Kalimpong subdivision and the Darjeeling district.

Kalimpong in the past, History of Kalimpong

After the war, the region became a subdivision of the Western Duars district, and the following year it was merged with the district of Darjeeling. The temperate climate prompted the British to develop the town as an alternative hill station to Darjeeling, to escape the scorching summer heat in the plains. Kalimpongs proximity to the Nathu La and Jelep La passes (La means "pass"), offshoots of the ancient Silk Road, was an added advantage. It soon became an important trading outpost in the trade of furs, wools and food grains between India and Tibet. The increase in commerce attracted large numbers of migrants from Nepal, leading to an increase in population and economic prosperity. Britain assigned a plot within Kalimpong to the influential Bhutanese Dorji family, through which trade and relations with Bhutan flowed. This later became Bhutan House, a Bhutanese administrative and cultural center.

The arrival of Scottish missionaries saw the construction of schools and welfare centres for the British. Rev. W. Macfarlane in the early 1870s established the first schools in the area. The Scottish University Mission Institution was opened in 1886, followed by the Kalimpong Girls High School. In 1900, Reverend J.A. Graham founded the Dr. Grahams Homes for destitute Anglo-Indian students. By 1907, most schools in Kalimpong started offering education to Indian students. By 1911, the population had swollen to 7,880.

Following Indian independence in 1947, Kalimpong became part of the state of West Bengal, after Bengal was partitioned between India and Pakistan. With Chinas annexation of Tibet in 1959, many Buddhist monks fled Tibet and established monasteries in Kalimpong. These monks brought many rare Buddhist scriptures with them. In 1962, the permanent closure of the Jelep Pass after the Sino-Indian War disrupted trade between Tibet and India, and led to a slowdown in Kalimpongs economy. In 1976, the visiting Dalai Lama consecrated the Zang Dhok Palri Phodang monastery, which houses many of the scriptures.

Between 1986 and 1988, the demand for a separate state of Gorkhaland and Kamtapur based on ethnic lines grew strong. Riots between the Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) and the West Bengal government reached a stand-off after a forty-day strike. The town was virtually under siege, and the state government called in the Indian army to maintain law and order. This led to the formation of the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, a body that was given semi-autonomous powers to govern the Darjeeling district, except the area under the Siliguri subdivision. Since 2007, the demand for a separate Gorkhaland state has been revived by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha and its supporters in the Darjeeling hills. The Kamtapur Peoples Party and its supporters movement for a separate Kamtapur state covering North Bengal have gained momentum.

Geography

Kalimpong Beautiful Landscapes of Kalimpong

The town centre is on a ridge connecting two hills, Deolo Hill and Durpin Hill, at an elevation of 1,247 m (4,091 ft). Deolo, the highest point in Kalimpong, has an altitude of 1,704 m (5,591 ft) and Durpin Hill is at an elevation of 1,372 m (4,501 ft). The River Teesta flows in the valley below and separates Kalimpong from the state of Sikkim. The soil in the Kalimpong area is typically reddish in color. Occasional dark soils are found due to extensive existence of phyllite and schists. The Shiwalik Hills, like most of the Himalayan foothills, have steep slopes and soft, loose topsoil, leading to frequent landslides in the monsoon season. The hills are nestled within higher peaks and the snow-clad Himalayan ranges tower over the town in the distance. Mount Kanchenjunga at 8,586 m (28,169 ft) the worlds third tallest peak, is clearly visible from Kalimpong.

Kalimpong has five distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn, winter and the monsoons. The annual temperature ranges from a high of 30 °C (86 °F) to a low of 9 °C (48 °F). Summers are mild, with an average maximum temperature of 30 °C (86 °F) in August. Summers are followed by the monsoon rains which lash the town between June and September. The monsoons are severe, often causing landslides which sequester the town from the rest of India. Winter lasts from December to February, with the maximum temperature being around 15 °C (59 °F). During the monsoon and winter seasons, Kalimpong is often enveloped by fog.

Economy

Tourism is the most significant contributor to Kalimpongs economy. The summer and spring seasons are the most popular with tourists, keeping many of towns residents employed directly and indirectly. The town—earlier an important trade post between India and Tibet—hopes to boost its economy after the reopening of the Nathu La (pass) in April 2006. Though this has resumed Indo–China border trades, it is expected that Kalimpong will have a better chance of revival as a hub for Indo–China trades if the demand of local leaders for reopening of Jelep La pass also is met.

People, culture, and cuisine

Kalimpong Culture of Kalimpong

The original settlers of Kalimpong are the Lepchas although the majority of the populace are ethnic Nepali, having migrated from Nepal to Kalimpong in search of jobs while it was under British rule. Indigenous ethnic groups include the Newars, Bhutia, Sherpas, Limbus, Rais, Magars, Chettris, Bahuns, Thakuris, Gurungs, Tamangs, Yolmos, Bhujels, Sunuwars, Sarkis, Damais and the Kamis. The other non-native communities are the Bengalis, Marwaris, Anglo-Indian, Chinese, Biharis and Tibetans who escaped to Kalimpong after fleeing the Communist Chinese invasion of Tibet. Kalimpong is home to Trinley Thaye Dorje—one of the 17th Karmapa incarnations. Kalimpong is the closest Indian town to Bhutans western border, and has a small number of Bhutanese nationals residing here. Hinduism is the largest religion followed by Buddhism and Christianity. Islam has a minuscule presence in this region, mostly Tibetan Muslims who fled in 1959 after Chinese invasion of Tibet. The Buddhist monastery Zang Dhok Palri Phodang holds a number of rare Tibetan Buddhist scriptures. There is a mosque in the bazaar area of Kalimpong.

Kalimpong Culture of Kalimpong

Popular Hindu festivals include Dashain, Tihar and the Buddhist festival of Losar. Languages spoken in Kalimpong include Nepali, which is the predominant language; Lepcha, Limbu, Tamang, Kirat, Hindi, English and Bengali. Though there is a growing interest in cricket as a winter sport in Darjeeling Hills, football still remains the most popular sport in Kalimpong. Every year since 1947, the Independence Shield Football Tournament is organized here as part of the two-day-long Independence Day celebrations. Former captain of India national football team, Pem Dorjee hails from Kalimpong. A popular snack in Kalimpong is the momo, steamed dumplings made up of pork, beef or vegetable cooked in a wrapping of flour and served with watery soup. Wai-Wai is a packaged Nepalese snack made of noodles which are eaten either dry or in soup form. Churpee, a kind of hard cheese made from yaks or chauris (a hybrid of yak and cattle) milk, is sometimes chewed. A form of noodle called Thukpa, served in soup form is popular in Kalimpong. There are a large number of restaurants which offer a wide variety of cuisines, ranging from Indian to continental, to cater to the tourists. Tea is the most popular beverage in Kalimpong, procured from the famed Darjeeling tea gardens. Kalimpong has a golf course besides Kalimpong Circuit House.

The cultural centres in Kalimpong include, the Lepcha Museum and the Zang Dhok Palri Phodang monastery. The Lepcha Museum, a kilometre away from the town centre showcases the culture of the Lepcha community, the indigenous peoples of Sikkim. The Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery has 108 volumes of the Kangyur, and belongs to the Gelug of Buddhism.

Visitor attractions

  • Dr. Grahams Homes
  • 7th Mile View Point
  • Army Golf Club
  • Nature Interpretation Centre
  • Kalimpong Arts And Crafts Centre
  • Sericulture Research Institute
  • Kali Mandir
  • MacFarlane Memorial Church
  • Mangal Dham Temple
  • St. Theresa Church (Kalimpong)
  • Thongsha Gompa : oldest in the area.
  • Relli River
  • Reshi Retreat & Farmhouse
  • Kalimpong Science Centre, Deolo
  • Dharmodaya vihar : A Nepalese Buddhist temple.
  • Durpin Danda : the mountain range of Sikkim, including Jelepla and Tiger Hill, and the confluence of Relli, Riang and Teesta rivers can be viewed from here.
  • Zong Dog Palri Fo Brang Monastery at Durpin Danda.
  • Tharpa Choling Monastery : a respiratory of old scriptures and documents
  • People, culture, and cuisine

    Kalimpong Cuisine of Kalimpong, Popular Food of Kalimpong

    The original settlers of Kalimpong are the Lepchas although the majority of the populace are ethnic Nepali, having migrated from Nepal to Kalimpong in search of jobs while it was under British rule. Indigenous ethnic groups include the Newars, Bhutia, Sherpas, Limbus, Rais, Magars, Chettris, Bahuns, Thakuris, Gurungs, Tamangs, Yolmos, Bhujels, Sunuwars, Sarkis, Damais and the Kamis. The other non-native communities are the Bengalis, Marwaris, Anglo-Indian, Chinese, Biharis and Tibetans who escaped to Kalimpong after fleeing the Communist Chinese invasion of Tibet. Kalimpong is home to Trinley Thaye Dorje—one of the 17th Karmapa incarnations. Kalimpong is the closest Indian town to Bhutans western border, and has a small number of Bhutanese nationals residing here. Hinduism is the largest religion followed by Buddhism and Christianity. Islam has a minuscule presence in this region, mostly Tibetan Muslims who fled in 1959 after Chinese invasion of Tibet. The Buddhist monastery Zang Dhok Palri Phodang holds a number of rare Tibetan Buddhist scriptures. There is a mosque in the bazaar area of Kalimpong.

    Popular Hindu festivals include Dashain, Tihar and the Buddhist festival of Losar. Languages spoken in Kalimpong include Nepali, which is the predominant language; Lepcha, Limbu, Tamang, Kirat, Hindi, English and Bengali. Though there is a growing interest in cricket as a winter sport in Darjeeling Hills, football still remains the most popular sport in Kalimpong. Every year since 1947, the Independence Shield Football Tournament is organized here as part of the two-day-long Independence Day celebrations. Former captain of India national football team, Pem Dorjee hails from Kalimpong. A popular snack in Kalimpong is the momo, steamed dumplings made up of pork, beef or vegetable cooked in a wrapping of flour and served with watery soup. Wai-Wai is a packaged Nepalese snack made of noodles which are eaten either dry or in soup form. Churpee, a kind of hard cheese made from yaks or chauris (a hybrid of yak and cattle) milk, is sometimes chewed. A form of noodle called Thukpa, served in soup form is popular in Kalimpong. There are a large number of restaurants which offer a wide variety of cuisines, ranging from Indian to continental, to cater to the tourists. Tea is the most popular beverage in Kalimpong, procured from the famed Darjeeling tea gardens. Kalimpong has a golf course besides Kalimpong Circuit House.

    The cultural centres in Kalimpong include, the Lepcha Museum and the Zang Dhok Palri Phodang monastery. The Lepcha Museum, a kilometre away from the town centre showcases the culture of the Lepcha community, the indigenous peoples of Sikkim. The Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery has 108 volumes of the Kangyur, and belongs to the Gelug of Buddhism.

    References

    Kalimpong Wikipedia (,)http://www.kalimpong.info/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/3279120.jpg(,)http://i0.wp.com/darjeelingtimes.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/darjeelingold.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Darjeeling,_general_view.jpg(,)http://www.kalimpong.info/uploaded_images/LIFE/1-small.jpg(,)http://www.kalimpong.info/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/3269880.jpg(,)http://www.kalimpong.info/uploaded_images/LIFE/5-small.jpg(,)http://www.kuenselonline.com/wp-content/uploads/In-kalimpong-550x369.jpg(,)http://kalimponglive.com/images/history.JPG(,)http://ucni.in/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Eastern-Himalayan-Church-Council-EHCC-Youth-Conference-Gangtok-1959.jpg(,)http://tragicocomedia.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/4583-darjeeling.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d2/Nepalese_Buddhist_monks_in_Kalimpong_in_circa_1935..jpg(,)https://c4.staticflickr.com/4/3674/11500276086_6f56a007a2_b.jpg(,)http://www.prafulrao.com/make_photo.php%3Fdo%3DLandscape%3B1269167195(,)http://www.prafulrao.com/make_photo.php%3Fdo%3DLandscape%3B1187342606(,)http://im.rediff.com/getahead/2012/nov/02kalimpong5.jpg(,)http://indiaoye.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/kalimpong.jpg(,)http://simanachhariyetravelsclub.in/gallery/1365836571lava%2520with%2520%2520Kalimpong.jpg(,)http://www.prafulrao.com/make_photo.php%3Fdo%3DLandscape%3B1167814475(,)https://dooarsecoviillege.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/a50cf-7076046744dc9915668bce.jpg(,)http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/deolo-hill-tourists-park-breath-taking-landscape-tourist-view-point-kalimpong-darjeeling-india-green-backdrop-blue-sky-34810007.jpg(,)http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/deolo-hill-tourists-park-breath-taking-landscape-tourist-view-point-kalimpong-darjeeling-india-green-backdrop-blue-sky-36617329.jpg(,)http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/deolo-hill-view-point-breath-taking-landscape-park-tourist-kalimpong-darjeeling-india-green-backdrop-blue-sky-34810982.jpg(,)http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/deolo-hill-view-point-breath-taking-landscape-park-tourist-kalimpong-darjeeling-india-green-backdrop-blue-sky-34811214.jpg(,)http://www.redrosetravelntours.com/assets/images/Darjeeling%2520b.jpg(,)http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/deolo-hill-view-point-breath-taking-landscape-park-tourist-kalimpong-darjeeling-india-green-backdrop-blue-sky-34655221.jpg(,)http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/05/33/c6/f7/hill-top-tourist-lodge.jpg(,)http://edge.ixigo.com/ixi-api/resize%3Fi%3Dhttp://ixigo-images.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/504897ddda06310799c5da1f.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/Kalimpong_52.jpg(,)http://kalimpongnews.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/IMG_20131229_2226312.jpg(,)http://assets1.craftsvilla.com/catalog/product/cache/1/image/9df78eab33525d08d6e5fb8d27136e95/c/h/churpi_1_1.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/14/Darjeeling-tea-first-flush-in-cup.jpg/800px-Darjeeling-tea-first-flush-in-cup.jpg(,)http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-AL8_aMeNbj4/T_sYTyU9fmI/AAAAAAAAAK4/gjaAc6jbzKI/s1600/576841_10150848139691958_1167262461_n.jpg(,)http://www.elginhotels.com/LIBRARY/menu2.jpg(,)https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/9c/f2/78/9cf278f77178dbb3546bcbabb896e046.jpg(,)http://www.myvillage.in/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/chinese-food-1.jpg(,)http://im.rediff.com/getahead/2012/nov/02kalimpong3.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Kalimpong_02.jpg(,)http://www.eldestino.co.in/images/kashmir-page.jpg(,)http://www.dragontours.in/images/sikkim/kalimpong-mon-festival.jpg(,)http://www.holidaytravel.co/userfiles/images/Darjeeling%2520Kalimpong%2520Gangtok.jpg(,)http://kvtholidays.com/photos/_large/Durpin-Monastery-Kalimpong.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b2/Kalimpong_Clock_Tower.jpg/640px-Kalimpong_Clock_Tower.jpg(,)http://kalimpong.org/sites/default/files/images/haatbazar.jpg(,)http://www.actual-adventure.com/page_gallery/sikkim-darjeeling-and-kalimpong91.jpg(,)http://www.youthincmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/stupas_at_durpin1.jpg(,)http://tibet.net/image/flash/flash2012103075.jpg(,)http://www.goldenvacation.in/data/images/header10.jpg(,)http://www.myvillage.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Lepcha-Museum-Kalimpong.jpg(,)http://www.itbci.org/images/The%2520Retreat%2520Centre.jpg(,)http://www.namasteindiatrip.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Culture-of-Kalimpong.jpg(,)http://cache4.asset-cache.net/gc/164847416-india-west-bengal-kalimpong-zong-dog-palri-gettyimages.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3DRkMJHK8DFQT5IgFTIW9%252FJoisHtvRzVjRwvKWHuAmgwWJwebhgzl3oXcJgloigzWN


    Similar Topics
    Bhutia
    Darjeeling
    West Bengal
    Topics