Jatani is located at 20.09°N 85.42°E / 20.09; 85.42. It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 feet).
As of 2011 India census, Jatani had a population of 63,697. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jatani has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 72%. In Jatani, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Its surrounding villages are Bachhara, Khudupur, Uparabasta, Sandhapur, Gobindpur, Gopinathpur, Kusumati, Kudiary.
The majority of population in Jatani are Odia . Others like Malayali, Telugu, Marwari, Gujarati, Bengali, etc. are also present in good numbers. It is also the home of highest number of Anglo-Indian people in Odisha. A variety of communities live here because Jatani has been a very important railway station since the British rule. A major chunk of people living here are railway employees.
Jatani is famous for its celebration of the Ganesh Chaturthi festival. Jatani is very crowded during Ganesh Puja as people from nearby places visit in huge numbers for the occasion.This celebration continues for about a fortnight. People of Jatani maintain communal harmony. Eid ul-Fitr & Christmas Day are also celebrated with religious fervor.
Diwali and Holi are celebrated here with much fanfare. The firework shops in Jatani draw a large number of buyers from nearby places like Bhubaneswar, Khurda, Puri etc. .These fireworks are manufactured in nearby villages, like Padanpur. Apart from being sold in huge quantities in the makeshift shops during Diwali, these fireworks are also sold throughout the year in wholesale shops, mainly supplementing to the fanfare of marriage processions.
Several communities residing in Jatani, keep alive their own traditions, be it the Anglo-Indians celebrating Christmas in the open or the Marwari's Garba in closely guarded community atmosphere or the Muslims carrying out Mourning of Muharram.
Several week-long festivals for the goddess Bhagabati Devi are also celebrated mostly in Railway settlement areas esp. Loco Colony and Retang colony. On the last day, the procession is carried out in public, followed by a carnival depicting stories from Hindu mythologies like Ramayana, Mahabharat etc.
The town is spread across various Railways settlements akin colonies like Traffic colony, New colony, Accounts colony, Retang colony, Loco Colony surrounded by private townships like Gajapati Nagar, Madhusudhan Nagar, Nuagaun, Hata bazaar, Raja bazaar, Bali Chakka Sahi, Mundia Sahi, Railway Market, Kudiary, Sitaram Chhack, Thaana Chhack, Bacharapatna, Rathipur, Kusumati (chhack is the local equivalent for Cross, similarly bazaar is the local equivalent for Market).
There are some good and old temples in and around Jatani. Among the old temples, is, the Budhapada Somanath Temple (dedicated to Lord Shiva) and devotees from different places in and around of Jatani visit this temple. Other temples are Chotta Somnath Temple situated at Kudiary, Venkateswara Temple, Maa Damunei Temple (Uttarayani Temple), Maa Mangala Temple, Taleshwar Temple (Lord Shiva) situated at Barapada, and Jatiani temple (the deity from whom Jatni gets it name).
Dola Jatra is celebrated in Harirajpur (4 km away from Jatni town), which takes place on the 5th day following Dolo purnima. It is a very big local gathering where idols of gods from different parts of the district are brought in dolo(palanquin) and placed in jatra (fair). People visit and offer their prayers to Gods by applying different colours of Holi. Ganesh puja is the biggest festival of Jatni in which more than 3 lakh people come during the festival to watch the pandals and enjoy the evening in Mina Bazaar with games and end their day with watching Oriya operas known as Jatra party. The most important historical place near Jatani is Barunei hills. During the British times the Khurdha paikas started the freedom movement from here.
It has excellent railway connectivity with most major cities in the country. Jatani Railway Station is known as Khurda Road and is the biggest Railway Junction of the East Coast for the Indian Railways in the state. Trains from different parts of the country are routed to different cities from the Chennai-Kolkata main line.
It is well connected to all other cities in the state. The NH-5 National Highway (connecting Chennai & Kolkata) runs close to Jatani (around 7 km). The state capital, Bhubaneswar, is located at a distance of 25 km. Khurda is located at a distance of 8 km. Pipili is located at distance of 13 km.
Khurda Road Junction railway station is in Jatani. It is a major junction of Indian Railways. It is well connected to other cities like Bhubaneswar (19 km), Puri (44 km), Kolkata (456 km), Mumbai (1913 km), New Delhi (1819 km), Chennai (1204 km), Hyderabad (1124 km), Bangalore (1606 km), Ahmedabad (2000 km), Pune (1721 km) etc. by rail. Khurda Road Junction is one of the three divisions of East Coast Railway Zone (ECoR) of the Indian Railways ( Sambalpur, and Waltair are the other two ), and is an important railway junction which has diversions to Puri and Bolangir, in addition to the Howrah-Chennai main line connecting south India.The connecting tracks to Bolangir is currently semi-operational with trains operating between Khurda Road and Nayagarh.
The nearest Airport is Biju Patnaik International Airport, at Bhubaneswar, which is 25 km away.
Jatani Municipal Hospital - It is an old hospital run by the Odisha Government that provides necessary health care services to the populace of local and neighboring areas. It operates for about 8 hours in a day. It has experienced doctors and pharmacists, who are very dedicated towards their work.
Railway Hospital - This hospital is set up for the Railway employees only. Employees from areas around Jatani and neighboring towns and villages also avail of the facilities provided by this hospital.
Sayeed memorial Hospital - This hospital is a private hospital at Kudiyari bazzar jatani.
Panda Nursing Home - This hospital is a private hospital at R C Pur bazzar near Veena Hall Jatani.National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER)
Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar
Centurion University of Technology & Management
Konark Institute of Science and Technology
Orissa Engineering College (OEC)
Baba Residential College
Sarat Paikaray Mahabidyalaya.
Bethel Chapel Mission School - This is a school affiliated to the I.C.S.E. board, also popularly known as Mission school. It is well known for its high-quality education in computer science. Many of its students are National level record holders for scoring 100% in ICSE computer applications examination.
Utkal Public School formerly SERWO (South Eastern Railway Women's Organisation) School - This School is affiliated to C.B.S.E also popularly known as SERWO ENG. MED SCHOOL, JATNI earlier situated beside the DRM office, Jatni, Khurda Road.
Kendriya Vidyalaya - Popularly known as KV-KUR, it has both Secondary and Senior Secondary level education system.
Shishu Shikshya Niketan - This school is run by C.B.S.E patron From Class 1 to 10th. it was situated back said of Jatani Town Hall. ST. Xaviers High School - This is a school affiliated to the C.B.S.E., situated opposite to Jatni Medical (Govt.).
A.D.S public school- This is a school affiliated to the I.C.S.E., situated opposite to Tehsildar Office Jatni.
NDRC High School - It is an Oriya medium school affiliated to the Odisha State Board, which is situated in Retang Colony.
Prananath (P.N.) High School - The oldest school in the town, which is an Oriya medium school affiliated to the Odisha State Board. Situated near Jatni College. Late Prananath Pattnaik built this school.
Railway School - A State board school run by the East Coast Railways. Of late, the teaching is mainly done in English. It is situated near the Railway Hospital in Traffic Colony.
Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir
S.D.P Bidyapitha High School - It is an Oriya medium (Odisha State Board) school situated near Bachharapatna.
Kudiary High School - It is an Oriya medium (Odisha State Board) school situated in Kudiary.
Some other schools are St. Xavier High School, Swosti Jyoti Vidya Mandir, Girls high school, Boys high school, D.A.V public school, Cristal valley school, Konark Public School, etc.
Current MLA from Jatni Assembly Constituency is Bhagirathi Badajena of BJD from May 2014, successor to Bibhuti Balabantaray, who won the seat in State elections of 2009. Earlier Sarat Paikary won in 1990 as JD candidate. Winner of this seat in 2000, 1995, 1985, 1980 and 1977 was Suresh Kumar Routray, who represented INC in 2000, 1995 and 1985, represented INC(I) in 1980 and JNP in 1977.
Jatni is part of Bhubaneswar (Lok Sabha constituency).