Puneet Varma (Editor)

Humulus lupulus

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Cannabaceae
Scientific name  Humulus lupulus
Higher classification  Hop
Order  Rosales
Genus  Humulus
Rank  Species
Humulus lupulus Humulus lupulus CLIMBERS
Lower classifications  Saaz hops, Cascade, Amarillo hops

Brewers hops plants humulus lupulus galena cascade willamette


Humulus lupulus (common hop or hop) is a species of flowering plant in the Cannabaceae family, native to Europe, western Asia and North America. It is a dioecious, perennial, herbaceous climbing plant which sends up new shoots in early spring and dies back to a cold-hardy rhizome in autumn. Strictly speaking it is a bine rather than a vine, using its own shoots to act as supports for new growth.

Contents

Humulus lupulus Guide to Humulus lupulus Common hop American Nurseryman

H. lupulus is an ingredient in most beers, and as such is widely cultivated for use by the brewing industry. The fragrant flower cones, known as hops, impart bitterness and flavor, and also have preservative qualities. H. lupulus contains myrcene, humulene, xanthohumol, myrcenol, linalool, tannins, and resin.

Humulus lupulus Humulus lupulus the plant beer brewers are hopping mad for Plant

Humulus lupulus hops


Varieties

The five varieties of this species (Humulus lupulus) are:

Humulus lupulus lupulus Hops
  • H. l. var. lupulus – Europe, western Asia
  • H. l. var. cordifolius – eastern Asia
  • H. l. var. lupuloides (syn. H. americanus) – eastern North America
  • H. l. var. neomexicanus – western North America
  • H. l. var. pubescens – midwestern North America

  • Humulus lupulus Common Hop Humulus lupulusquot by Sue Abonyi Redbubble

    Many cultivated varieties are found in the list of hop varieties. A pale, ornamental variety, Humulus lupulus 'Aureus', is cultivated for garden use. It is also known as golden hop, and holds the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

    Animal pests

  • Hop leaf aphid (Phorodon humuli)
  • Red spider mite (Tetranychus urticae)
  • Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica )
  • Diseases

  • Downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora humuli)
  • Powdery mildew (Podosphaera macularis)
  • Popularity

    Humulus lupulus httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

    H. lupulus was voted the county flower of Kent in 2002 following a poll by the wild flora conservation charity Plantlife.

    Research

    Humulus lupulus FileHumulus lupulus lupuloides 4942709527jpg Wikimedia Commons
  • H. lupulus contains the potent phytoestrogen 8-prenylnaringenin, which may have a relative binding affinity to estrogen receptors.
  • H. lupulus extract is antimicrobial, an activity which has been exploited in the manufacture of natural deodorant.
  • Spent H. lupulus extract has also been shown to have antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activities, raising the possibility this waste product of the brewing industry could be developed for medical applications.

  • Humulus lupulus Hops Humulus lupulus L Cannabaceae hemp family Dr Hauschka

    References

    Humulus lupulus Wikipedia


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