Scientific name Humulus lupulus
Higher classification Hop
|Lower classifications Saaz hops, Cascade, Amarillo hops|
Brewers hops plants humulus lupulus galena cascade willamette
Humulus lupulus (common hop or hop) is a species of flowering plant in the Cannabaceae family, native to Europe, western Asia and North America. It is a dioecious, perennial, herbaceous climbing plant which sends up new shoots in early spring and dies back to a cold-hardy rhizome in autumn. Strictly speaking it is a bine rather than a vine, using its own shoots to act as supports for new growth.
- Brewers hops plants humulus lupulus galena cascade willamette
- Humulus lupulus hops
- Animal pests
H. lupulus is an ingredient in most beers, and as such is widely cultivated for use by the brewing industry. The fragrant flower cones, known as hops, impart bitterness and flavor, and also have preservative qualities. H. lupulus contains myrcene, humulene, xanthohumol, myrcenol, linalool, tannins, and resin.
Humulus lupulus hops
The five varieties of this species (Humulus lupulus) are:
Many cultivated varieties are found in the list of hop varieties. A pale, ornamental variety, Humulus lupulus 'Aureus', is cultivated for garden use. It is also known as golden hop, and holds the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (AGM).
H. lupulus was voted the county flower of Kent in 2002 following a poll by the wild flora conservation charity Plantlife.